Logo
English Pizza Land

赵宝斌个人主页:英语比萨园
www.englishpizza.cn


【 笑话幽默 】
【 字典图书 】
【 聊天论坛 】



医学英语

英语学习专题目录    
 BBC 英语
 BT 英语资源下载
 VOA 英语
 爱情格言名言
 奥运英语
 澳大利亚社会文化背景
 城市景点英文介绍
 出国留学签证及技巧
 出国留学文书写作
 初中英语教学论文
 春节英文短信祝福语
 儿童童谣歌曲
 儿童英语教学
 儿童英语资源下载
 儿童英语童话故事
 疯狂英语
 高考英语复习
 高考英语真题及答案
 高考真题单词使用解析
 高中英语教学论文
 记忆英语单词方法
 加拿大社会文化背景
 剑桥少儿英语
 考研英语翻译
 考研英语听力口语
 考研英语真题及答案1980-2011
 考研英语心得体会
 考研英语阅读理解
 考研英语阅读真题解析
 考研英语作文
 赖世雄英语
 留学移民签证指导
 每日英语
 美国社会文化背景
 沛沛英语
 汽车英语词汇
 千万别学英语
 如何/怎样学好英语
 如何打英语电话
 如何申请国外奖学金
 如何提高英语口语
 如何提高英语听力
 如何同外国人交流
 如何写英文电子邮件
 如何选购英语学习图书
 如何选择英语培训机构
 如何学大学英语
 如何自学英语
 如何做英文陈述报告
 商务英语范文/范例
 世界著名城市英文介绍
 托福考试技巧心得
 GRE考试技巧心得
 玩游戏学英语
 外贸经济合同英文写作
 我是如何通过签证的
 我学英语经验方法
 我在国外的经历
 我在外企的工作经历
 小学英语教学论文
 现代大学英语精读教案
 新东方英语 
 新概念英语
 新视野大学英语
 新西兰社会文化背景  
 许国璋英语

 学英语口诀窍门
 雅思考试技巧心得语
 洋话连篇
 英美文学论文
 英国社会文化背景
 英文听力mp3下载
 英文地名
 英文个人简历
 英文合同及范文
 英文求职信
 英文人名
 英文名著
 英文申请信
 英文推荐信
 英文招聘广告范文
 英语/英文面试
 英语900百句
 英语爱情诗歌歌词
 英语被动语态
 英语标点符号用法
 英语标识提示语
 英语不定代词
 英语不可数名词
 英语词汇教学
 英语单词记忆法实例
 英语倒装句
 英语导游
 英语定语从句
 英语独立主格结构
 英语短语和搭配
 英语词语来源/故事
 英语翻译技巧方法
 英语翻译教学
 英语翻译论文
 英语非谓语动词
 英语否定形式
 英语关联词/过渡词
 英语冠词的用法
 英语教案格式和范例
 英语教学法
 英语介词用法
 英语句型教学
 英语句型句式
 英语和汉语的比较
 英语课堂用语
 英语口语技巧方法
 英语口语教学
 英语口语句型
 英语连词
 英语连系动词
 
 
 英语六级考试词汇
 英语六级考试经验心得
 英语六级考试听力口语
 英语六级考试作文写作 
 英语六级阅读理解
 英语论文格式及写作
 英语论文选题 
 英语名词复数形式
 英语名词性从句

 英语强调句
 英语情态动词
 英语商务谈判
 英语时态用法
 英语数字的表达
 英语四级考试词汇
 英语四级考试真题&详解
 英语四级考试经验心得
 英语四级考试完形填空
 英语四级听力口语
 英语四级阅读理解
 英语四级作文写作
 英语听力技巧方法
 英语听力教学
 英语同义近义词辨析
 英语外来词语
 英语写作技巧方法
 英语写作教学
 英语形容词副词比较级
 英语虚拟语气
 英语语言学文学笔记
 英语语法教学
 英语语法与教学术语
 英语语言文化论文
 英语语音/发音
 英语语音教学
 英语阅读技巧方法
 英语阅读教学
 英语在线听力资源
 英语主谓一致
 英语助动词
 英语专业考研及试题
 英语专有名词
 英语状语从句
 英语自我介绍及范文
 英语作文范文
 音乐英语词汇术语
 幼儿/儿童学英语
 幼儿英语教案
 幼儿英语教学
 在线英语测试
 在线英语词典/字典
 在线英语翻译
 中国小吃菜名英文说法
 中考英语复习
 中西文化的差异
 中小学英语学习资料
 钟道隆逆向英语法
 走遍美国
>> 更多


medical apparatus and instruments: 医疗器械 pharmaceutical factory: 药厂 drugstore; chemist's shop; pharmacy: 药店 pharmacopeia: 药典 prescription: 药方 write out a prescription:
medical apparatus and instruments: 医疗器械
pharmaceutical factory: 药厂
drugstore; chemist's shop; pharmacy: 药店
pharmacopeia: 药典
prescription: 药方
write out a prescription: 开药方
drugstore; chemist's shop; pharmacy: 医药商店
hospital pharmacy; dispensary: 医院或诊所里的药房
expenses for medicine; charges for medicine: 药费
a pot for decocting herbal medicine: 药罐子
chronic invalid: 药罐子(经常生病的人)
apothecaries'measure or weight: 药衡
medicinal herb collector; herbalist 药农
herbal medicine shop: 药铺


英文科室大全
作者:护士网 来源:网络转载
medical department; department of internal medicine:内科 surgical deparment;department of surgery: 外科 pediatrics department: 小儿科 obstetrics and gynecology department: 妇产科
medical department; department of internal medicine:内科
surgical deparment;department of surgery: 外科
pediatrics department: 小儿科
obstetrics and gynecology department: 妇产科
ophtalmology department: 眼科
dental department: 牙科
ENT(ear-nose-throat)department: 耳鼻喉科
urology department: 泌尿科
dermatology department; skin department:皮肤科
orthopedic surgery department: 矫形外科
traumatology department: 创伤外科
plastic surgery: 整形外科
anesthesiology department: 麻醉科
pathology department: 病理科
cardiology department: 心脏病科
psychiatry department: 精神病科
orthopedics department: 骨科
department of cardiac surgery: 心脏外科
department of cerebral surgery: 胸外科
neurology department: 神经科
neurosurgery department: 神经外科
thoracic surgery department: 脑外科
department of traditional Chinese medicine:中医科
registration office: 挂号处
out-patient department: 门诊部
in-patient department: 住院部
nursing department: 护理部
consulting room: 诊室
waiting room: 候诊室
emergency room: 急诊室
admitting office: 住院处
operation room: 手术室
X-ray department: 放射科
blood bank: 血库
dispensary; pharmacy: 药房
ward: 病房
laboratory: 化验室

英文中对医生的称呼
作者:护士网 来源:网络转载
doctor; physician: 医生 medical officer; surgeon: 军医 cure; treat: 医治 cure sb of his illness: 医好某人的病 give sb medical treatment: 给某人医病 take stopgap measures: 头痛医头

doctor; physician: 医生
medical officer; surgeon: 军医
cure; treat: 医治
cure sb of his illness: 医好某人的病
give sb medical treatment: 给某人医病
take stopgap measures: 头痛医头,脚痛医脚
still<knowledge>of a doctor:医道
medical ethics: 医德
medical courses in general; medicine: 医科
principles of medical science; medical knowledge: 医理
medical treatment: 医疗
public health services: 公费医疗
medical team: 医疗队
medical establishment: 医疗机构
medicament; drug: 药剂
pharmacist; druggist: 药剂师
unskillful and faulty medical or surgical treatment; malpractice: 医疗事故
malpractice insurance: 医疗事故保险
medico-athletics: 医疗体育
medical and health work: 医疗卫生工作
medical station; health center: 医疗站
doctor; medical man: 医生
obstetrician: 产科医生
pediatrician: 儿科医生
ENT(ear-nose-throat)doctor: 耳鼻喉科医生
radiologist: 放射科医生
gynecologist: 妇科医生
orthopedist: 骨科医生
urologist: 泌尿科医生
physician: 内科医生
dermatologist: 皮肤科医生
intern: 实习医生
surgeon: 外科医生
dentist; dental surgeon: 牙科医生
oculist; eye-doctor: 眼科医生
plastic surgeon: 整形外科医生
oncologist: 肿瘤科医生
doctor in charge: 主治医生
resident doctor: 住院医生
medical report: 医生检查报告书
medical evidence: 医生提供的证据
practitioner with secondary medical school education: 医士


关于医学的部分英文单词
作者:护士网 来源:网络转载
medical science; medical service; medicine: 医学 medical book: 医书 medical skill; art of healing: 医术 medical matters: 医务 clinic: 医务所 medical science; medicine: 医学 forens
medical science; medical service; medicine: 医学
medical book: 医书
medical skill; art of healing: 医术
medical matters: 医务
clinic: 医务所
medical science; medicine: 医学
forensic medicine; legal medicine: 法医学
preclinical medicine: 基础医学
preventive medicine: 预防医学
Doctor of Medicine: 医学博士
academy of medical sciences: 医学科学院
medical literature: 医学文献
Bachelor of Medicine: 医学学士
medical heritage: 医学遗产
college of medicine: 医学院
medical witness: 医学证人
medicine : 医药
general medical knowledge: 医药常识
medical expenses: 医药费
medical kit; medicine chest: 药箱
first-aid kit: 急救药箱
property of a medicine: 药性
pharmaceutical college: 药学院
dipping vat: 药浴池
medicated soap: 药皂
drug rash; drug eruption: 药疹
assistant pharmacy: 药剂士
pharmaceutics; pharmacy: 药剂学
medicinal liquor: 药酒
pharmacology: 药理学
efficacy of a drug: 药力
absorbent cotton: 药棉


不同种类医院的英译
作者:护士网 来源:网络转载
hospital: 医院 hospital for infectious diseases:传染病医院 children's hospital: 儿童医院 obstetrics and gynecology hospital:妇产医院 tuberculosis hospital: 结核病医院 stomatologic

hospital: 医院
hospital for infectious diseases:传染病医院
children's hospital: 儿童医院
obstetrics and gynecology hospital:妇产医院
tuberculosis hospital: 结核病医院
stomatological hospital: 口腔医院
army hospital: 陆军医院
field hospital: 野战医院
hospital of chinese medicine: 中医医院
tumor hospita;: 肿瘤医院
general hospital: 综合性医院
mental hospital: 精神病院
hospital for lepers;leprosarium: 麻风病院
sanatorium: 疗养院
clinic: 诊疗所
first-aid station: 急救站
quarantine station: 防疫站
laboratory technician: 化验员
nurse: 护士
head nurse: 护士长
anesthetist: 麻醉师
pharmacist; druggist: 药剂师
out-patient: 门诊病人
emergency case: 急诊病人
cure; treat; heal: 医治
healing of burns: 医治烧伤
fail to respond to any medical treatment: 医治无效
doctor's advice: 医嘱
take medicine according to doctor's orders:遵照医嘱服药
assistant doctor: 医助


外科护理常用英语(一)
作者:护士网 来源:本站原创
伤口护理 woundmanagement 伤口 wound 一 伤口的性质 Nature of Wound Bed 1, 健康肉芽形成 healthy granulation 2,上皮形成 epithelialisation 3,腐肉slough 4,黑色或棕色坏死组织 black/br 伤口护理 wound management
伤口 wound
一 伤口的性质 Nature of Wound Bed
1, 健康肉芽形成 healthy granulation
2, 上皮形成 epithelialisation
3,腐肉 slough
4,黑色或棕色坏死组织 black/brown necrotic tissue
5,其他(具体说明) specify
二 渗出液 Exuedate
1,容量 volume 1)较少 slight 2)中等 moderate 3)大量 large
2,性质 type 1)血清的 serous 2)血污的 blood stained 3)脓性的 purulent
3,气味 odour 1)没有 none 2)温和的 mild 3)刺激的 offensive
三 伤口周边 Wound Margin
1, 颜色 colour 2,水肿的 oedematous
四 伤口深度 Wound Depth
五 红斑 Eryghema
1, 呈现 present 2 离伤口的最远距离 max,distance from wound
六 周围皮肤的性质 General Condition of Surrounding Skin
例如:干燥 dry; 湿疹 eczema
七 疼痛程度 Pain
没有 0 none 温和 1 mild 中等 2 moderate 严重 3 severe
间歇的 intermittent 恒定不变的 constant 换药时 at dressing change
八 感染 Infection
1,疑似 suspected 2,伤口拭子送检 wound swab sent 3,确诊病菌感染 confirmed


医学英语
作者:护士网 来源:网络转载
应用生物学 Applied Biology 医学技术 Medical Technology 细胞生物学 Cell Biology 医学 Medicine 生物学 Biology 护理麻醉学 Nurse Anesthesia 进化生物学 Evolutionary Biology 口腔外科学 应用生物学 Applied Biology 医学技术 Medical Technology
细胞生物学 Cell Biology 医学 Medicine
生物学 Biology 护理麻醉学 Nurse Anesthesia
进化生物学 Evolutionary Biology 口腔外科学 Oral Surgery
海洋生物学 Marine Biology 口腔/牙科科学 Oral/Dental Sciences
微生物学 Microbiology 骨科医学 Osteopathic Medicine
分子生物学 Molecular Biology 耳科学 Otology
医学微生物学 Medical Microbiology 理疗学 Physical Therapy
口腔生物学 Oral Biology 足病医学 Podiatric Medicine
寄生物学 Parasutology 眼科学 Ophthalmology
植物生物学 Plant Physiology 预防医学 Preventive Medicine
心理生物学 Psychobiology 放射学 Radiology
放射生物学 Radiation Biology 康复咨询学 Rehabilitation Counseling
理论生物学 Theoretical Biology 康复护理学 Rehabilitation Nursing
野生生物学 Wildlife Biology 外科护理学 Surgical Nursing
环境生物学 Environmental Biology 治疗学 Therapeutics
运动生物学 Exercise Physiology 畸形学 Teratology
有机体生物学 Organismal Biology 兽医学 Veterinary Sciences
生物统计学 Biometrics 牙科卫生学 Dental Sciences
生物物理学
Biophysics 牙科科学 Dentistry
生物心理学 Biopsychology 皮肤学 Dermatology
生物统计学 Biostatistics 内分泌学 Endocrinology
生物工艺学 Biotechnology 遗传学 Genetics
生物化学 Biological Chemistry 解剖学 Anatomy
生物工程学 Biological Engineering 麻醉学 Anesthesia
生物数学 Biomathematics 临床科学 Clinical Science
生物医学科学 Biomedical Science 临床心理学 Clinical Psychology
细胞生物学和分子生物学 Celluar and Molecular Biology


护理英语80句(一)
作者:护士网 来源:中国护士网
一.Receiving the patient(接待病人) 1. How do you do?/ Good morning! 2.What can I do for you?/Can I help you? 3I’ll bring you to your bedside, please follow me. This is your b

一.Receiving the patient(接待病人)
1. How do you do?/ Good morning!
2.What can I do for you?/Can I help you?
3I’ll bring you to your bedside, please follow me. This is your bed..我要领您到床边去.请跟我来.这是您的床位.
4.The toilet is over there.
5.We supply hot water. 我们供应热水
6.Please wait a moment. I’ll let your doctor know. /I’ll inform your doctor.请等一会儿,我去通知医生.
7.Mary is the nurse /doctor in charge of you.玛丽是您的负责护士/医生
8.Please let us know if you need any help. 您需要帮助时,请告诉我们.
9.Smoking is not allowed here.

二.information collection(收集信息)
10.Do you mind if I ask you a few questions? 您介意我问您几个问题吗?
11.We need some information from you. 我们需要从您这儿收集一些信息.
12.Is your tummy still sore? 您的肚子还疼吗?
13.Does your pain come on after or before meals? 您的疼痛是在饭前还是饭后发作?
14.Does it hurt to pass urine?/when I press here? 排尿时痛吗?/ 当我按压这儿时痛吗?
15.Does your back ache? 您的后背痛吗?
16.Do your feet swell? 您的脚肿了吗?
17.Do you have a cough/fever? 您咳嗽吗?/ 您有发热吗?
18.Do you bring up any sputum? 您咳痰吗?
19.Is there any radiation of the pain ? (to the shoulder)有放射(到肩部的)痛吗?
20.How long have you had the pain? 您的痛有多长时间了?
21.When did the pain start?/where is your pain? 疼痛从什么时候开始的/什么地方疼痛?
22.Are your periods regular? 您的月经规则吗?
三.Physical examination(查体)
23.Will you please undress for medical examination? 请您脱下衣服做体检好吗?
24.Take off your clothes, please. 请把衣服脱下来
25.Lie down on the couch, please./Just lie still on the couch and relax.
请躺在治疗床上./ 请安静地躺在治疗床上,放松.
26.Bend your knees, please. 请屈膝.
27.Open your mouth and say ‘ah” 张开口, 说: 啊
28.Beathe deeply, please./take a deep breath, please.请深呼吸29.May I examine your tummy, please? 我要检查下您的肚子, 好吗?
30.Roll up your sleeves, please. 请卷起袖子.
四.communication.(交流)
31.I am going to take your temperature./Please put the thermometer under your armpit.
我要测一下您的体温/请把体温计放在您的腋下.
32.Let me feel your pulse.让我测一下您的脉搏.
33.I’ll test/take your blood pressure. 我要测量您的血压.
34. I’m afraid I have to prick your finger and take a drop of blood for blood sugar level.
 我要取一滴指血做血糖测定, 需要刺一下手指.
35.I’ll take some blood from your arm now. 现在我要从您的胳膊抽血.
36.Don’t take any thing by mouth after midnight until the blood is drawn tomorrow morning .
半夜之后不要吃喝任何东西,明天早上抽血.
37.Please bring a specimen of your urine/stool/sputum./ please collect your mid-stream specimen of urine.
 请留一份尿/便/痰的标本/请收集您的中段尿.
38.Please have your blood and urine tests done. 请做一下您的血和尿试验.
39.You are going to have a CT-scan of your chest/head today.
今天您要做一个胸部/头部CT.
40.You are going to have a chest X-ray this morning. 今天早上您要拍一个胸片.


41.You are going to have a B-mode ultrasonic exam. Please keep your bladder full.
您要做B超检查,请留尿,使膀胱充盈.
42.You are going to have an gastric endoscopy tomorrow morning. please don’t eat or drink
anything after 12 o’clock tonight.
明天上午您要做胃镜检查,今晚12点之后,请不要吃喝任何东西。
43.You are going to have urine catheterization now. 现在您需要导尿.
44.I’m going to do an ECG for you. 我要给您做心电图.
45.I’m going to put a gastric tube into your stomach, this is for gastrointestinal decompression.
   我要放胃管到您的胃内,这是胃肠减压.
We can feed you the necessary nutrients through the tube. Please swallow the tube as I put it down.我们通过胃管给您必要的营养.当我放管时,请做吞咽动作.
46.I’m going to make your bed./ we’ll change the bed linen at once.
我要给您整理床铺/我们马上给您换床单.
47.I’ll apply a cold(hot) compress to your ankle.我要给您的踝部冷/热敷
48.An operation will be done tomorrow/ an emergency operation must be done now.
 Will you please sign to give your permission for your operation?
 明天将做手术/现在马上做急诊手术. 同意手术请您签字好吗?
49.I’m going to shave your skin. / I’m going to do skin preparation for you.
   我要给您做备皮/我要给您做皮肤准备。
50.You’re going to have a local/general/epidural anaesthesia.
要给您做局麻/全身麻醉/硬膜外麻醉.
51.Are you allergic to any medication?/ penicillin?您对什么药物/青霉素过敏吗?
52. I’m going to do a skin test of pennicillin for you./ If you feel itchy or short of breath, please let me know at once. I’ll see the result in fifteen minutes. /I’m going to do a tetanus hypersensitive test for you. 我要给您做青霉素皮试. 如果您感到痒或气短,请立刻告诉我./我十五分钟后看结果./我要给您做破伤风皮试.
53.I’m going to give you an intramuscular injection./intravenous infusion/hypodermic injection. 我要给您做肌肉/静脉/皮内注射
54.I’m going to give you an enema to help you pass motion.我要给您灌肠, 帮助您排便
55.The doctor will change your dressing. /The doctor will remove your stitches.
医生要给您换药/医生要给您拆线.
56.I’m going to give you oxygen now. 我要给您吸氧
57.I’m going to give you nebulization.我要给您(雾化)吸入.
58. I’m going to do bladder irrigation for you.我要给您做膀胱冲洗
59.You have to rest in bed for at least one week您至少要卧床休息一周.
60.How are you today? How was your sleep last night? How is your appetite?
您今天怎么样?您昨晚睡得怎么样?您的食欲怎么样?
61.Did you pass motion yesterday?/Are your bowel movements normal?
昨天您排便了吗?/您的大便正常吗?
62.What color of your urine?您的尿液什么颜色?
63.How much urine do you pass each time?您每次排尿多少?
64.You will have skin/cervical traction.要给您做皮肤/颈部牵引
65. Take more exercises./Do some light work, have a happy outlook, avoid excitement and too much worry. Be careful not to stumble.
 多做锻炼/做一些轻体力活动,保持良好的心态,避免兴奋和过度忧虑,小心不要摔倒
66.You are going to have a blood transfusion.要给您输血
67.The results are normal.结果正常
68.You are suffering from ~/Your disease was diagnosed as ~您的病诊断为~
69.You have to stop smoking and alcohol.您必须戒烟、戒酒
五about medication and nutrition(关于药物和营养)
70.Take two tablets three times a day after/before food.饭前/饭后服,每日三次,每次两粒.
71.Take the medicine with a lot of water.服用此药,要多饮水.
72.I’ll give you an inj


护理诊断(中英文)
作者:护士网 来源:网友投稿
NANDA通过的以人类反应型态(Human ResPonse Patterns)的分类方法。现将人类 反应型态分类方法的128个护理诊断分列如下: (1)交换(Exchanging) 营养失调:高于机体需要量(Altered Nutrit

NANDA通过的以人类反应型态(Human ResPonse Patterns)的分类方法。现将人类
反应型态分类方法的128个护理诊断分列如下:

(1)交换(Exchanging)
营养失调:高于机体需要量(Altered Nutrition:More Than Body Requirements)
营养失调:低于机体需要量(Altered Nutrition: less Than Body Requirements)
营养失调:潜在高于机体需要量(Altered Nutrition:Potential for More Than Body Requirements)
有感染的危险(Risk for Infection)
有体温改变的危险(Risk for Altered Body Temperature)
体温过低(Hypothermia)
体温过高(Hyperthermia)
体温调节无效(Ineffective Thermoregulatlon)
反射失调(Dysre flexia)
便秘(Constipation)
感知性便秘(Perceived Consttipation)
结肠性便秘(Colonic Constipation)
腹泻(Diarrhea)
大便失禁(Bowel Inconttinence)
排尿异常(Altered Urinary Elimination)
压迫性尿失禁(Sires Incontlnence)
反射性尿失禁(Reflex Incontlnence)
急迫性尿失禁(Unge Incontlnence)
功能性尿失禁(Functional Incontlnence)
完全性尿失禁(Total Incontlnencd
尿储留(Urinary Retentron)
组织灌注量改变(肾、脑、心肺、胃肠、周围血管)(Altered Tissue
Perfuslorl( Renal, Cereral, Cardlopulmonary Gastrolntestlnal,Peripheral)
体液过多(Fluid Volume Excess)
体液不足(Fluid Volume Deficit)
体液不足的危险(Risk for Fluid VolUme Deficit)
心输出量减少(Deer。a。ed CardlacouPu)
气体交换受损(Imnaired Gas Exc5anse)
清理呼吸道无效(Ineffecthe Airway Clearance)
低效性呼吸型态(Ineffective Breathing Pattern)
不能维持自主呼吸( Inability to Sustain SPontaneous Ventilation)
呼吸机依赖( Dysfunctional Ventilatory Weaning ResPonse,DVWR)
有受伤的危险(Risk for Injury)
有窒息的危险(Risk for Suffocation)
有外伤的危险(Risk for Trauma)
有误吸的危险(Risk for Aspiration)
自我防护能力改变(Altered Protection)
组织完整性受损(ImPaired Tissue Integrity)
口腔粘膜改变(Altered Oral Mucous Membrance)
皮肤完整性受损(ImPaired Skin Integrity)
有皮肤完整性受损的危险(Risk for ImPaired Skin Integrity)
调节颅内压能力下降( Decreased AdaPtive CaPacityIntracranial)
精力困扰(Energy Field distubance)

(2)沟通(Communicating)
语言沟通障碍(impaired VerbalCommunlcatlon)

(3)关系(Relating)
社会障碍(Impaired Soial Interatlon)
社交孤立(Social Isolition)
有孤立的危险(Risk for.Lonelines。)
角色紊乱(Altered Role Performance)
父母不称职(Altered Parenting)
有父母不称职的危险(Risk for Altered Parenting)
有父母亲子依恋改变的危险(Risk for Altered Parent/Infant/Child Att8Chffi6llt)
性功能障碍(Sexual Dysfunction)
家庭作用改变(Altered Family Process)
照顾者角色障碍(Caresiver Role Strain)
有照顾者角色障碍的危险(Risk for Caregiver Role Strain)
家庭作用改变:酗酒(Altered Family Process: Alcoholism)
父母角色冲突(Parental Role Conflict)
性生活型态改变(Altered SexualityPatterns)

(4)赋予价值(Valuing)
精神困扰(Spiritual Distress)
增进精神健康:潜能性(Potential for Enhance Spiritual Well-Belug)

(5)选择(Choosing)
个人应对无效(Ineffctive Individual Coping)
调节障碍(ImPaired Adjustment)
防卫性应对(Defensive Coping)
防卫性否认(Ineffective Denial)
家庭应对无效:失去能力( Ineffective Family Coping:Disabling)
家庭应对无效:妥协性 (Ineffectiv Family Coping:Compromised)
家庭应对:潜能性(Family CoPing: Potential for Growth)
社区应对:潜能性(Potential for Enhanced Community CoPing)
社区应对无效(Ineffective Community Coping)
遵守治疗方案无效(个人的)(Ineffective Management of Therapeutic Regimen)(Individual)
不合作(特定的)(Non



就诊常用英语
作者:护士网 来源:中国英语学习网
看病时常用的英文(VERY USEFUL) 转贴 1) 一般病情: He feels headache, nausea and vomiting. (他觉得头痛、恶心和想吐。) He is under the weather. (他不舒服,生病了。) He began to feel 看病时常用的英文(VERY USEFUL) 转贴
1) 一般病情:
He feels headache, nausea and vomiting. (他觉得头痛、恶心和想吐。)
He is under the weather. (他不舒服,生病了。)
He began to feel unusually tired. (他感到反常的疲倦。)
He feels light-headed. (他觉得头晕。)
She has been shut-in for a few days. (她生病在家几天了。)
Her head is pounding. (她头痛。)
His symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, excessive fatigue, fever and chills. (他的症状包括没有食欲、体重减轻、非常疲倦、发烧和发冷。)
He feels exhausted or fatigued most of the time. (他大部份时间都觉得非常疲倦。)
He has been lacking in energy for some time. (他感到虚弱有段时间了。) { 枫下论坛 .net/forum }
He feels drowsy, dizzy and nauseated. (他觉得昏昏欲睡,头晕目眩和想吐。)
He feels as though everything around him is spinning. (他感到周围的东西都在打转。)
He has noticed some loss of hearing. (他发觉听力差些。)
She has some pains and itching around her eyes. (她眼睛四周又痛又痒。)
(2) 伤风感冒:
He has been coughing up rusty or greenish-yellow phlegm. (他咳嗽带有绿黄色的痰。)
His eyes feel itchy and he has been sneezing. (他眼睛发痒,而且一直在打喷嚏。)
He has a fever, aching muscles and hacking cough. (他有发烧,筋骨酸痛和常常咳嗽。) (hacking = constant)
He coughed with sputum and feeling of malaise. (他咳嗽有浓痰,而且觉得很虚弱。) (malaise = debility)
He gets a cold with a deep hacking cough. (他伤风咳嗽。)
He has a headache, aching bones and joints. (他头痛,骨头、关节也痛。)
He has a persistent cough. (他不停地在咳。) 或
He has bouts of uncontrollable coughing. (他一阵阵的咳嗽,难以控制。)
He has hoarse and has lost his voice sometimes. (他声音嘶哑,有时失声。)
He has a sore throat and a stuffy nose. (他嗓子疼痛而且鼻子不通。)
His breathing is harsh and wheezy. (他呼吸时,有气喘似的呼哧呼哧作响。)
He has a stabbing pain that comes on suddenly in one or both temples. (有时突然间太阳穴刺痛。)
He has a runny nose, sneezing or a scratchy throat. (他流鼻水,打喷嚏和喉咙沙哑。)
(3) 女性疾病:
She has noticed one lump in her breast. (她发觉乳房有个肿块。)
There is a hard, swollen lump on her right breast. (她右乳房有肿块。)
Her left breast is painful and swollen. (她左乳房疼痛且肿大。)
She has heavy bleeding with her periods. (她月经来的很多。)
Her vaginal discharge is white or greenish-yellow and unpleasant smelling. (她阴道分泌物带白色或绿黄色,而且气味不好。)
She has noticed occasional spotting of blood between periods. (在月经来的前后,她有时也发觉有滴滴达达的流血。)
She has some bleeding after intercourse. (性交后有出血。)
She feels some vaginal itching. (她感到阴部发痒。)
She has painful periods and abnormal vaginal discharge. (她月经来时疼痛,而且阴道有不正常的分泌物。)
(4) 手脚毛病:
His both hands and feet ache all over. (他两手两脚都很酸痛。)
He has pain on the sole of his feet. (他脚底很痛。)
There is a wart-like lump on the sole of right foot. (我右脚底有个像肉疣般的硬块。)
His ankles look puffy and they pit when he presses them with his finger. (他的足踝好象肿了,用手按,就有小坑痕。) (pit = small dent form)
(句里的 they 和 them 都是指 ankles)
The pain in his left foot is accompanied by redness and swelling. (左脚酸痛,并有红肿。)
The joints near his fingernails and knuckles look swollen. (指头和指节旁边的关节,似乎有肿大。)
He has numbness and tingling in his hands and fingers. (他的手和指头感到麻木和刺痛。)
His legs become painful following strenuous exercise. (激烈运动后,他的腿就痛。)
His knee is misshapen or unable to move. (他的膝盖有点畸形,也不能动。)
There are some swellings in his armpit. (他的腋窝肿大。)
He is troubled with painful muscles and joints. (他的筋骨和关节都痛。)
She is troubled by the pains in the back and shoulders. (她的后背和肩膀都痛。)
His knee has been bothering him for some time. (他的膝盖不舒服,已有一段时间了。



护理专业英语
作者:护士网 来源:网友投稿
护理专业英语: 肾脏kidney,肾盂pelvis,肾动脉renalartery,肾皮质remalcortex。肾髓质renalmedulla,肾静脉renalvein,输尿管ureter尿道urethra,膀胱urinarybladder肾炎heymann,蛋白尿pro 护理专业英语:
肾脏kidney,肾盂pelvis,肾动脉renal artery,肾皮质remal cortex。肾髓质renal medulla,肾静脉renal vein,输尿管ureter尿道urethra,膀胱urinary bladder肾炎heymann,蛋白尿proteinuria,多尿polyuria,功能性肾功能衰竭functional renal failure,尿毒症uremia。尿频frequency of urine,尿痛disuria,血尿hematuria
基础护理英语:
1科室名称(
内科,外科,妇产科,儿科,眼科,
2.have an appointment预约/in the waiting room在候诊室/gastrointestinal造影/taking blood抽血/giving a tetanus shot 注射破伤风抗毒素/allergic reaction过敏反应/receiving patients接待病人/admission入院/eating habit/morning care晨间护理/taking temperature量体温/postoperative care术后处理/comforting the patient安慰病人/acupuncture treatmen针刺疗法t/taking pulse诊脉/dealing with the patien处理病人t/taking stitches缝针/give a shot注射/administration of drugs给药/CT examination检查/get drugs取药
3:预约对话
N:what’s wrong with you today?/which department do you want to register?
P:I don’t know.perhaps I should see a dentist, because I have a terrible toothache.
N:I think so
P:and I want to have a denture fitted.please make an appointment for me.
N:ok,next Wednesday.Do you prefer ** or **?
P:**o’clock suits me better.
4造影对话
P:The doctor suggested I have a series of gastro-intestinal tests made.what shall I do?
N:I’ll make and an appointment for you at once.come tomorrow morning at **.please don’t eat or drink anything after midnight.
P:not even water?
N: a sip of water is all-right.
P:when can I get the result?
N:***
5抽血对话
N:I’ll take some blood from your arm.please take off your coat and turn up your sleeve.
P:my veins don’t stand out clearly.
N:I’ll try to do it carefully.be patient.please clench your fist.now.open your hand,press it with this bit of cotton wool for a while.
P:thanks.it doen’t hurt me really.
6量体温
N:Hi.**.it’s time to take your temperature.
P:why.i had my temperature taken this morning.
N:your temperature must be taken twice a day.
P:all right.how long shall I leave the thermometer in place?
N:about **
P:when you take my temperature.do you take my pulse.too?
N:yes,I not only feel the pulse but count the respiration also.
P:is my tem**coming down?
N:yes,it will soon be subnormal.but your pulse is still feeble and slow.
P:my breathing is laboured.i want to be propped up with pillows.
Nall right.i’ll help you.



150种常用药名
作者:护士网 来源:外语教育网
The table below lists the top 150 most commonly prescribed drugs in the United States in 2002, based on more than 3.05 billion prescriptions written. acetaminophen 扑热息痛,对乙酰 The table below lists the top 150 most commonly prescribed drugs in the United States in 2002, based on more than 3.05 billion prescriptions written.

acetaminophen  扑热息痛,对乙酰氨基酚  Isosorbide Mononitrate  长效异乐定 
Albuterol  沙丁胺醇  Lansoprazole  南索拉唑,兰索拉唑 
alendronate  阿伦膦酸盐,二膦酸盐  latanoprost  拉坦前列素 
allopurinol  别嘌呤醇  levofloxacin  左氧氟沙星 
alprazolam  阿普唑仑  levonorgestrel  乙羟基二降孕甾烯炔酮 
amitriptyline  阿米替林  levothyroxine  左旋甲状腺素 
Amlodipine  氨氯地平,阿洛地平  lisinopril  赖诺普利,苯丁酸赖脯酸 
Amoxicillin  阿莫西林,羟氨苄青霉素  lorazepam  劳拉西泮,氯羟去甲安定 
amphetamine  安非他明,苯丙胺  losartan  氯沙坦 
APAP  N-乙酰对氨基酚,扑热息痛  meclizine  氯苯甲嗪,美克洛嗪 
Atenolol  阿替洛尔,氨酰心安  Medroxyprogesterone  甲羟孕酮,安宫黄体酮 
atomoxetine  阿托西汀  meloxicam  美洛昔康 
atorvastatin  阿伐他汀  Metaxalone  美他沙酮, 
Azithromycin  阿齐红霉素,舒美特  Metformin  二甲双胍,二甲双胍盐酸盐 
benazepril  贝那普利  methylphenidate  ,哌醋甲酯,利地林 
betamethasone  倍他米松,培他米松  Methylprednisolone  甲基氢化泼尼松  
brimonidine  溴莫尼定  metoprolol  甲氧乙心安,美多心安 
budesonide  布地奈德  mirtazapine  米尔塔扎平(抗抑郁症) 
Bupropion  丁氨苯丙酮  mometasone  莫米松 
calcitonin  降血钙素  montelukast  孟鲁司特 
candesartan  坎地沙坦  moxifloxacin  莫西沙星 
carisoprodol  卡立普多,肌安宁  Mupirocin  莫匹罗星 
Carvedilol  卡维地洛,卡维洛尔  naproxen  甲氧萘丙酸 
Cefdinir  头孢地尼  niacin  烟酸,尼克酸 
Cefprozil  头孢罗齐,赛夫罗秀  Nifedipine  硝苯地平,心痛定 
celecoxib  塞来考昔  Nitrofurantoin  呋喃妥因,呋喃旦啶 
cephalexin  头孢菌素IV,先锋霉素IV  nitroglycerin  硝化甘油; 炸药 
Cetirizine  西替立嗪[抗过敏药]  Norethindrone  炔诺酮 
Chlorpheniramine  扑尔敏,氯苯吡胺  norgestimate  诺孕酯,肟炔诺酯 
Ciprofloxacin  环丙沙星,丙氟哌,全复康  norgestrel  炔诺孕酮 
Citalopram  西酞普兰,西他罗仑,  olanzapine  奥氮平,奥兰氮平 
Clarithromycin  克拉仙霉素,甲基红霉素  olopatadine  奥洛他定 
Clavulanate  克拉维酸钾,棒酸钾  Omeprazole  奥美拉唑,沃必唑 
clonazepam  氯硝西泮,氯硝安定  oxybutynin  奥昔布宁(解痉药) 
clonidine  氯压定,可乐宁  oxycodone  氧可酮 
clopidogrel  氯吡格雷  pantoprazole  泮托拉唑<抗溃疡病药> 
Clotrimazole  克霉唑,三苯甲咪唑  Paroxetine  氟苯哌苯醚,帕罗西丁 
codeine  可待因,甲基吗啡  penicillin  盘尼西林 
Conjugated Estrogens  结合型雌激素  Phenytoin  苯妥英 
cyclobenzaprine  环苯扎珠  pimecrolimus  吡美莫司 
Desogestrel  地索高诺酮,马福隆  pioglitazone  匹格列酮 
Dexamethasone  地塞米松,的确当  potassium chloride  氯化钾 
diazepam  安定  Pravastatin  帕伐他丁,哌伐它停 
Digoxin  地高辛,异羟基洋地黄毒甙  prednisone  去氢可的松,强的松 
diltiazem  地尔硫卓  promethazine  普鲁本近,异丙嗪 
Divalproex  双丙戊酸钠  propoxyphene  达而丰,丙氧酚 
donepezil  多奈哌齐  Propranolol  普萘洛尔,心得安,萘心安 
Doxycycline  多西霉素,强力霉素  Pseudoephedrine  假麻黄碱,右旋麻黄碱 
drospirenone  屈螺酮  quetiapine  喹硫平 
Enalapril  依那普利,苯丁酯脯酸  Quinapril  喹那普利 
escitalopram  依他普仑  rabeprazole  雷贝拉唑 
esomeprazole  艾美拉唑  raloxifene  雷洛昔芬 
estradiol  雌二醇; 强力求偶素  ramipril  雷米普利 
ethinyl  乙炔基  ranitidine  甲胺呋硫 
ethinyl estradiol  乙炔雌二醇,炔雌醇  risedronate  利塞膦酸盐,二膦酸盐 
ezetimibe  依泽替米贝  Risperidone  利哌利酮,利哌酮 
felodipine  非洛地平  rofecoxib  罗非考昔 
fenofibrate  非诺贝特  rosiglitazone maleate  马来酸罗格列酮 
fentanyl  芬太尼  salmeterol  沙美特罗 
fexofenadine  非索非那定  Sertraline  舍曲林 
finaster

常用护理术语
作者:护士网 来源:外语教育网
Nursing processes 护理过程 assessment 估计 nursing diagnosis 护理诊断 planning 计划 intervention (implementation, management) 措施(实施、管理) evaluation 评价Daily care of the p Nursing processes 护理过程
  assessment 估计
  nursing diagnosis 护理诊断
  planning 计划
  intervention (implementation, management) 措施(实施、管理)
  evaluation 评价Daily care of the patient 对病人的日常护理
  morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)间护理
  bedmaking 整理床铺
  oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔卫生
  brushing the teeth 刷牙
  flossing the teeth 清牙垢
  denture care 清洗假牙
  bathing 洗澡
  cleanliness and skin care 清洁与皮肤护理
  perineal care 洗会阴
  hair 梳头
  shaving 刮脸
  Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗脚
  changing hospital gowns 更换住院服装
  massage 按摩
  bedsore care 褥疮护理Measurement of vital signs 测量生命体征
  taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature
  量口腔(直肠、腋下)体温
  taking a radial pulse 测量桡动脉脉搏
  counting respirations 计呼吸次数
  measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血压Catheterization 导管插入术
  cardiac catheterization 心导管插入术
  laryngeal catheterization喉插管术
  retro-urethral catheterization 逆行导尿管插入术
  urethral catheterization 尿道导管插入术Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒灭菌
  asepsis 无菌(法)
  integral asepsis 完全无菌
  disinfection 消毒
  concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 随时消毒,即时消毒
  steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒
  terminal disinfection 终末消毒
  disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外线消毒
  Sterilization 灭菌,消毒
  chemical sterilization 化学灭菌法
  fractional sterilization 间歇灭菌法
  intermittent sterilization 间歇灭菌法
  mechanical sterilization 器械灭菌法Decompression 减压(术)
  oardiac decompression 心减压术
  cerebral decompression 脑减压术
  orbital decompression 眼眶减压术
  decompression of decompression 心包减压术
  gastro-intestinal decompression 胃肠减压术
  decompression of rectum 直肠减压术
  decompression of spinal cord 脊髓减压术Dialysis透析
  peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析
  hemodialysis 血液透析Drainage 引流、导液
  aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引导液(引流)
  closed drainage 关闭引流法
  negative pressure drainage 负压吸引法
  open drainage 开放引流法
  postural drainage 体位引流法
  vaginal drainage 阴道引流法
  vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌肠
  barium enema钡灌肠
  blind enema肛管排气法
  contrast enema对比灌肠
  glycerin enema甘油灌肠
  high (low) enema 高(低)位灌肠
  magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸镁灌肠
  retention (non-retention) enema 保留(无保留)灌肠
  soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌肠
  turpentine enema 松节油灌肠Feeding 饲,喂养
  Forced (forcible) feeding 强制喂养
  intubtaion (tube) feeding 管饲法
  nasal feeding 鼻饲法
  rectal feeding 直肠营养法Heat and clod applications 冷、热敷
  applying hot compresses 热敷
  applying hot soaks 湿热敷
  assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 帮病人坐浴
  applying hot water bottles 用热水瓶
  applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋
  applying cold compresses 冷敷
  giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴Infusion 输入,注入
  glucose infusion 葡萄糖液输注
  glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-盐水输注
  saline infusion 盐水输注
  Injection 注射
  endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮内注射
  hypertonic saline injection 高渗盐水注射
  hypodermic injection 皮下注射


常见手术名称
作者:护士网 来源:外语教育网
General Sugery 普外 appendectomy (appendicectomy) 阑尾切除术 cholecystectmy 胆囊切除术 cholecystostomy 胆囊造口术 drainage of the abscess 脓肿引流 enterostomy 肠造口术 exploratory General Sugery 普外
  appendectomy (appendicectomy) 阑尾切除术
  cholecystectmy 胆囊切除术
  cholecystostomy 胆囊造口术
  drainage of the abscess 脓肿引流
  enterostomy 肠造口术
  exploratory laparotomy 开腹探查术
  gastrectomy 胃切除术
  gastroduodenostomy 胃十二指肠吻合术
  hemorrhoidectomy 痔切除术
  hepaticotomy 肝管切开术
  hepatectomy 肝切除术
  herniorrhaphy 疝修补术
  ligation of lower oesophageal veins 低位食管静脉结扎
  pancreatectomy 胰切除术
  portal vena cava anastomosis 门腔静脉吻合术
  pyloroplasty 幽门成形术
  mastectomy 乳房切除术
  splenectomy 脾切除术
  thyroidectomy 甲状腺切除术
  thyroid lobectomy 甲状腺叶切除术
  vagotomy 迷走神经切断术Orthopedics 骨科
  amputation 截肢
  arthrodesis 关节固定术
  curettage if bone tumor 骨瘤刮除术
  excision of bone tumor 骨瘤切除术
  external fixation 外固定
  fasciotomy 筋膜切开术
  free skin graft 自由皮瓣移植
  internal fixation 内固定
  plaster cast 石膏管形
  plaster splintage 石膏夹板固定
  prosthetic replacement for joint 人工关节置换术
  reduction of fracture 骨折复位
  reduction of joint dislocation 关节脱位复位
  repair if ligament 韧带修补
  replantation if digit断指再植
  skeletal traction 骨牵引
  tenorrhaphy 腱缝合术
  Thoracic Surgery 胸外科
  aortocoronary bypass 主动脉冠状动脉分流
  closed drainage of pleural cavity 胸腔闭式引流
  complete intracardiac repair of Fallot's Tetralogy 法洛完全修复术
  dilation of aortic valular stenosis 主动脉瓣狭窄扩张术
  exploratory thoracotomy 开胸探查
  heart transplantation 心脏移植
  heart valve replacement 心脏瓣膜置换术
  ligation of patent ductus arteriosis 动脉导管未闭结扎术
  lobectomy of lungs 肺叶切除
  local excision of tumor of lungs 肺肿瘤局部切除术
  parial esophagectomy and reconstruction of esophagus
  食管部分切除、重建
  repair of auricular septal defect 房间隔缺损修补术
  repair if ventricular septal defect 室间隔缺损修补术
  repair if valvular insufficiency 瓣膜闭锁不全的修补
  pericardiectomy 心包切除术
  peicardiotomy 心包切开术
  pulmonary embolectomy 肺动脉栓子切除术
  resection of arterial aneurysm动脉瘤切除术Urology 泌尿科
  cystoplasty 膀胱成形术
  cystostomy 膀胱造口术
  nephrectomy 肾切除术
  nephrostomy肾造口术
  nephrolithotomy肾石切除术
  orchiectomy睾丸切除术
  prostatectomy前列腺切除术
  renal biopsy肾活检
  renal transplantation肾移植
  urethra-lithotomy输尿管结石切除
  urethroplasty 尿道成形术
  vasoligation 输精管结扎术Neurosurgery 神经外科
  decompression 减压术
  excision of brain tumor 脑瘤切除术
  exploratory craniotomy开颅探查术
  lobectomy (脑)叶切除术
  removed of intracranial hematoma 颅内血肿清除术
  repair of dura defect 硬脑膜缺损修补术Dentistry 牙科
  dental prosthetics 镶牙
  filling 牙填充
  orthodontic treatment 牙矫正术
  periodontal treatment 牙周治疗
  tooth extraction 拔牙Gynecology & Obstetrics 妇产科
  amniocentesis 羊膜穿刺术
  cervicectomy 子宫颈切除术
  cesarean section 剖宫产术剖腹产
  culdocentesis 后穹隆穿刺术
  dilatation of the cervix 宫颈扩张术
  excision of Bartholin cyst 巴氏腺囊肿切除术
  hysterectomy 子宫切除术
  induction of labor 引产术


中英对照看病就诊名词
作者:中国护士网 来源:外语教育网
医学名词Medical Terminology ================= 过敏Allergy 健康诊断Gernral Check-up Physical Examination 检查Examination 入院Admission to Hospotial 退院Discharge from Hospital 症状S 医学名词Medical Terminology
  =================
  过敏Allergy
  健康诊断Gernral Check-up
  Physical Examination
  检查Examination
  入院Admission to Hospotial
  退院Discharge from Hospital
  症状Symptom
  营养Nutrition
  病例Clinical History
  诊断Diagnosis
  治疗Treatment
  预防Prevention
  呼吸Respiration
  便通Bowel Movement
  便Stool
  血液Blood
  脉搏Pulse, Pulsation
  尿Urine
  脉搏数Pulse Rate
  血型Blood Type
  血压Blood Pressure
  麻醉Anesthesia
  全身麻醉General Anesthesia
  静脉麻醉Intravenous Anesthesia
  脊椎麻醉Spinal Anesthesia
  局部麻醉Local Anesthesia
  手术Operation
  切除Resectionlie
  副作用Side Effect
  洗净Irrigation
  注射Injection
  X光X-Ray
  红外线Ultra Red-Ray
  慢性的Chronic
  急性的Acute
  体格Build
  亲戚Relative
  遗传Heredity
  免疫Immunity
  血清Serum
  流行性的Epidemic
  潜伏期Incubation Period
  滤过性病毒Virus
  消毒Sterilization
  抗生素Antibiotic
  脑波E.E.G
  洗肠Enema
  结核反映Tuberculin Reaction
  华氏Fahrenheit
  摄氏Celsius, Centigrade
  药品Medicine
  =================
  冰袋Ice Bag
  药品Medicine (Drug)
  绷带Bandage
  胶带Adhesive Tape
  剪刀Scissors
  体温计Thermometer
  药丸Tablet, Pill
  舌下锭Sublingual Tablet
  胶囊Capsules
  软膏Ointment
  眼药Eye Medicine
  止咳药Cough Medicine
  阿司匹林Aspirin
  止疼药Pain Killer
  药方Prescription
  症状及名称
  一般症状
  ============================
  发烧Fever
  高烧High Fever
  发冷Chillsz
  发汗Sweats
  盗汗Night Sweats
  倦怠Tireness
  失眠Insomnia
  肩头发硬Stiffness in Shoulder
  打喷嚏Sneeze
  打嗝Hiccup
  痒Itch
  腰疼Low Back Pain
  头疼Headache
  痛Pain (Ache)
  急性疼痛Acute Pain
  激痛Severe Pain
  钝痛dull Pain
  压痛Pressing Pain
  刺痛Sharp Pain
  戳痛Piercing Pain
  一跳一跳地痛Throbbing Pain
  针扎似的痛Prickling Pain
  烧痛Burning Pain
  裂痛Tearing Pain
  持续痛Continuous Pain
  不舒服Uncomfortable
  绞痛Colic
  放射痛Rediating Pain
  溃烂痛Sore Pain
  痉挛痛Crampy Pain
  顽痛Persistent Pain
  轻痛Slight Pain
  血尿Bloody Urine
  浓尿Pyuria
  粘液便Mucous Stool
  粘土样便Clay-Colored Stool
  验血Blood Analysis
  红血球Red Cell
  白血球White Cell
  呼吸数Respiration Rate
  呼气Expiration
  吸气Inspiration
  呼吸困难Difficulty in Breathing
  不规则脉搏Irregular Pulse
  慢脉Bradycardia
  快脉Rapid Pulse
  尿浑浊Cloudy Urine
  蛋白质Albuminuria
  糖尿Glucosuria



126条医学、护理术语
作者:中国护士网 来源:外语教育网
1 Introduction to Trauma Care 创伤护理导论 2 Patterns of Blunt Injury 钝器损伤的类型 3 Mechanisms of Injury/Penetrating Trauma 损伤发病机制/穿透性创伤 4 The Physiologic Response 1 Introduction to Trauma Care 创伤护理导论
  2 Patterns of Blunt Injury 钝器损伤的类型
  3 Mechanisms of Injury/Penetrating Trauma 损伤发病机制/穿透性创伤
  4 The Physiologic Response to Injury 对损伤的生理学反应
  5 Shock 休克
  6 Measurements of Injury Severity 损伤严重程度的测定
  7 Prehospital Triage 送医院前伤员分类
  8 Prehospital Therapy 送医院前的治疗
  9 Field Teams:Composition,Direction, and Communication with the Trauma Center 现场救护队:组成,指导,与创伤中心的联系
  10 Air Medical and Interhospital Transport 空中医疗和医院间转运
  11 Trauma Team Activation 创伤救护队的活动
  12 Organization prior to Trauma Patient Arrival 创伤病人到达前的组织
  13 Adult Trauma Resuscitation 成人创伤复苏
  14 Airway Management in the Trauma Patient 创伤病人的气道处理
  15 Vascular Access 血管穿刺
  16 Imaging of Trauma Patients 创伤病人的影像
  17 Documentation,Coding and Compliance,and EMTALA 文件,法规,依据和EMTALA
  18 Operating Room Practice 手术室常现
  19 Head Injury 头损伤
  20 Injuries to the Spinal Cord and Spinal Column 脊髓和脊柱损伤
  21 Soft Tissue Wounds of the Face 面部软组织伤
  22 Bony Oral-Maxillofacial Injuries 口一上颌面骨损伤
  23 Ophthalmic Injuries 眼损伤
  24 Penetrating Neck Injury 穿透性颈损伤
  25 Blunt Neck Injury 颈部钝器损伤
  26 Thoracic Injury 胸部损伤
  26 Thoracic Vascular Injury 胸部血管损伤
  27 Abdominal Injury 腹部损伤
  28 Abdominal Vascular Injury 腹部血管损伤
  29 Damage Control 损伤的控制
  30 Abdominal Compartment Syndrome 腹部隔室综合征
  31 Genitourinary Injuries 泌尿生殖系统损伤
  32 Orthopedic Injuries 矫形外科损伤
  33 Pelvic Fractures 骨盆骨折
  34 Hand Trauma 手创伤
  35 Compartment Syndrome and Rhabdomyolysis 隔室综合征和横纹肌溶解
  36 Peripheral Vascular Injuries 周围血管损伤
  37 Soft-Tissue Trauma 软组织创伤
  38 Priorities in the ICU Care of the Adult Trauma Patient 在ICU护理的成人创伤病人的优先项目 39 Commonly Missed Injuries and Pitfalls 常遗漏的损伤和易犯的错误
  40 Anesthesia for the Trauma Patient 创伤病人的麻醉
  41 Trauma Pain Management 创伤疼痛的处理
  42 Hypothermia, Cold Injury, and Drowning 低温、冷损伤和淹溺
  43 Blood Transfusion and Complications 输血和并发症
  44 Nutrition/Metabolism in the Trauma Patient 创伤病人的营养/代谢
  45 Support of the Organ Donor 器官供体的保养
  46 Burns/Inhalation 烧伤/吸入
  47 Pediatric Trauma 儿科创伤
  48 Care of the Pregnant Trauma Patient 妊娠创伤病人的护理
  49 Geriatric Trauma 老年人创伤
  50 Rehabilitation 康复
  51 Venous Thromboembolism 静脉血栓栓塞
  52 Injury Prevention 损伤的预防
  53 House Staff Responsibilities 住院医师的责任
  54 Legal, Ethical and Family Issues 法律、伦理道德和家庭问题
  55 Miscellaneous Procedures 各种其它操作程序
  56 oral health education activity口腔健康教育活动
  57 Oral Health Education Unit [Department of Health]口腔健康教育组
  58 oral poliomyelitis trivalent 脊灰口服剂
  59 oral toilet 口腔料理
  60 oral-maxillofacial surgery and dental unit口腔颌面外科及牙科部
  61 outbreak高峰期;发作;流行
  62 outbreak control疫症控制;暴病控制
  63 outcome management project 医疗成效管理计划
  64 out-of-pocket expenditure by the user服务使用者自付
  65 out-patient appointment system门诊病人预约制度
  66 out-patient clinic门诊诊疗所
  67 out-patient clinical operations support system门诊临床运作支持系统
  68 out-patient consultation s


妇产科检查中英文对照
作者:中国护士网 来源:外语教育网
妇检 发红 redness 发疹 eruption 溃疡 ulcer 糜烂 erosion;erodet 白斑 vitiligo leukoplakia 阴蒂肥大 clitorimegaly 处女膜 hymen 阴道窥器 vaginal speculum 阴道分泌物 vaginal secretion 妇检
  发红 redness
  发疹 eruption
  溃疡 ulcer
  糜烂 erosion;erodet
  白斑 vitiligo leukoplakia
  阴蒂肥大 clitorimegaly
  处女膜 hymen
  阴道窥器 vaginal speculum
  阴道分泌物 vaginal secretion;vaginal discharge
  阴道横隔 transverse vaginal septum;transverse vaginal septa
  宫颈糜烂 erosion of cervix
  宫颈肥大 hypertrophy of cervix
  宫颈息肉 cervical polyp
  宫颈粘膜炎 endocervicitis
  宫颈腺囊肿 Naboth cyst
  宫颈裂伤 cervical laceration
  接触性出血 contact bleeding
  前位子宫 anterial uterus
  后位子宫 posterial uterus
  子宫附件 uterine adnexa
  子宫底 fundus of uterus
  包块 mass
  检查项目
  常规检查
  全血细胞分析 whole blood cell test
  红细胞 red blood cell;erythrocyte
  白细胞 white blood cell;leucocyte
  血红蛋白 hemoglobin
  血小板 thrombocyte;thromboplastid
  血型 blood type;blood group
  大便常规 routine stool test
  大便潜血试验 stool occult blood test
  专科检查
  阴道分泌物涂片 vaginal secretion smear
  妊娠试验 pregnancy test
  基础体温 basal body temperature,BBT
  性激素 sexual hormone;gonadal hormone
  雌激素 estrogen,E?? 雌二醇? estradiol,E2
  孕激素 progesterone,P
  睾酮 testosterone,T
  促激素释放激素 luteinizing hormone,LH
  腺垂体促卵泡激素 follicle stimulating hormone,FSH
  催乳素 prolactin,PRL
  抗精子抗体 anti-sperm antibody ,ASAB
  抗心磷脂抗体 anticardiolipins,ACL
  抗子宫内膜抗体 EMAb
  宫颈粘液检查 cervical mucus examination
  宫颈粘膜碘试验 Schiller test
  宫颈管刮片 endocervical scraping smear
  子宫颈涂片细胞学检查 cervical smear and cytological examination
  超声检查 ultrasonography
  B超 B-scan
  经阴道超声检查 transvaginal ultrasonography
  子宫发育不良 hypoplasia of uterus
  宫内节育器 intrauterine device,IUD
  月经期子宫内膜 menstrual phase of endometrium
  子宫内膜 endometrium
  卵泡 follicle
  孕囊 fertilized egg
  囊肿 cyst;hydatidoma;hydatoncus
  子宫肌瘤超声所见 ultrasound view of uterine myoma
  子宫腺肌症超声所见 ultrasonic feature of uterine adenomyoma
  子宫输卵管造影术 hysterosalpingography
  单角子宫 unicornuate uterus
  双角子宫 uterus bicornis
  残角子宫 rudimentary horn of uterus
  输卵管积水 hydrosalpinx;hydrops tubae;tubal dropsy
  诊断性刮宫 diagnostic curettage;exploratory curettage
  宫颈锥切术 conization of cervix
  输卵管通液术 fluid infusion of fallopian tubes
  经阴道后穹窿穿刺术 colpocoeliotomia posterior
  宫腔镜 hysteroscope
  阴道镜 colposcope ; vaginoscope
  腹腔镜 peritoneoscope;ventroscope;laparo;laparoscope;laproscope
  常用中医治疗
  补肾滋阴 replenishing vital essence to tonify the kidney
  疏肝养肝 soothing and nourishing the liver
  健脾和胃 strengthening the spleen and stomach
  补益气血 invigorating qi and enriching the blood
  活血化瘀 promoting blood circulation by removing blood stasis
  理气行滞 regulating the flow of qi
  清热凉血 removing pathogenic heat from blood
  温经散寒 expelling pathogentic cold from channel
  利湿除痰 removing dampness by diuresis and eliminating phlegm
  解毒杀虫 detoxicating and destroy intestinal worms
  中医特色治疗
  四黄水蜜外敷 application with
  毛冬青保留灌肠 retention-enema with hairy holly root


关于药品、处方的几个医学名词
作者:中国护士网 来源:www.medtrans.cn
drug – 药物(常指毒品)a substance that doctors put into your body to treat a disease or medical problem, in most cases it refers to an illegal substance. → take / use drugs, be o drug – 药物(常指毒品)a substance that doctors put into your body to treat a disease or medical problem, in most cases it refers to an illegal substance.
→ take / use drugs, be on drugs服药 → drug abuse滥用药物
→ drug user用药者
medicine – [c/u] 药物(尤指液体药物)a substance you take to treat an illness, esp. a liquid.
→ take medicine服药 → medicine bottle药瓶
→ medicine cabinet药柜 → cough medicine咳嗽药
medication – 药物[c/u] drug that you take to treat or cure an illness.
→ take medication 服药 → be on medication服药
其 他
prescription处方 prescription medication 处方药
OTC drug非处方药 write out a prescription开处方
Have the prescription filled抓药 make up a prescription配药
Value the prescription划价 prescribe sb. sth, prescribe sth for sb为某人开药(方)
On/by prescription凭处方 expiry/expiration date有效期
Active ingredient有效成份 inactive ingredient辅料
Store at room temperature室温/常温保管 internal medicine内服药 external medicine外用药
For internal use 内服 drug label药品说明标签


医疗器材英文术语
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
absorbent cotton 脱脂棉 adhesive 胶布 bandage 绷带 bath towel 浴巾 cotton wool balls 棉球 dressing 敷料 elastic bandage 弹力绷带 gauze 纱布 mask 口罩 mattress 垫子 swab 橡皮单 swa absorbent cotton 脱脂棉
  adhesive 胶布
  bandage 绷带
  bath towel 浴巾
  cotton wool balls 棉球
  dressing 敷料
  elastic bandage 弹力绷带
  gauze 纱布
  mask 口罩
  mattress 垫子
  swab 橡皮单
  swab 药签
  alcohol burner 酒精灯
  breast pump 吸奶器
  curet(te) 刮匙,刮器
  dropper 滴管
  drying baker 干燥器
  enema can 灌肠筒
  enema syringe 灌肠注射器
  finger stall 指套
  forceps 钳子
  hemostatic forceps 止血钳
  obstetric forceps 产钳
  funnel 漏斗
  gastric tube 胃管
  glass measure cup 玻璃量杯
  hypodermic syringe 皮下注射器
  pump 筒,泵
  needle 针头
  ampule 安
  ice bag 冰袋
  incubator 保温箱
  kidney basin 弯盆
  measuring tape 带尺
  medicine cup 药杯
  Murphy's drip bulb 墨菲滴管
  percussion hammer 叩诊锤
  rectal tube 肛管
  rubber gloves 橡皮手套
  sand bag 沙袋
  scales 磅秤
  scalpel 手术刀
  scissors 剪刀
  specimen container 取样器皿
  sucker 吸管
  ribbon 肠线
  test tube 试管
  thermometer 体温表
  three-channel tube 三腔管
  spatula (padded tongue blade) 压舌板
  tourniquet 止血带
  tray 托盘
  ultraviolet lamp 紫外线灯
  vessel clamp 止血钳、血管夹
  vial 药瓶bedside commode 床边洗脸台
  bedside rails 床栏
  bedpan 床上便盆
  disposable collecting bag 一次性采尿袋
  emesis basin 盂盆
  patient pack 医院为病人提供的个人用具袋
  urinal 男用尿壶、贮尿壶binder 腹带、绷带
  straight abdominal binder 直腹带
  breast binder 裹胸带
  elbow protector 肘护套
  sling



常用临床医学英文术语
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
diseases 疾病 acute diseases 急性病 advanced diseases 病沉重期,晚期疾病 chronic diseases慢性病 communicable diseases 传染病 complicating diseases 并发病 congenital diseases 先天 diseases 疾病
  acute diseases 急性病
  advanced diseases 病沉重期,晚期疾病
  chronic diseases慢性病
  communicable diseases 传染病
  complicating diseases 并发病
  congenital diseases 先天性疾病
  acquired diseases 后天性疾病
  contagious diseases接触性传染病
  endemic diseases 地方病
  epidemic diseases 流行病
  functional diseases 机能病、官能病
  infectious diseases 传染病
  inherited diseases 遗传病
  malignant diseases恶性病
  nutritional diseases 营养病
  occupation diseases 职业病
  organic diseases 器质性病
  paroxysmal diseases 阵发性病
  periodical diseases 周期病
  primary(principal)diseases原发(主导)病
  secondary diseases 继发病
  sexual(venereal, social)diseases 性病
  terminal diseases 绝症
  wasting diseases 消耗性疾病chief complaint 主诉
  clinical manifestation 临床表现
  delivery history 分娩史
  etiology病因学
  family history 家族史
  history, medical history 病史
  precipitating(induced)诱因
  marital status婚姻状况
  menstrual history 月经史
  menarche 初潮
  menopause闭经
  past history既往史
  pathogenesis 发病机制
  personal history 个人史symptoms 症状
  cardinal symptom 主要症状
  classical symptom 典型症状
  concomitant symptom 伴发症状
  constitutional(systemic) symptom 全身症状
  indirect symptom 间接症状
  induced symptom 诱发症状
  local symptom 局部症状
  mental symptom精神症状
  symptom-complex (syndrome)symptom 综合症,症候群
  signs体征
  antecedent 前驱征
  assident (accessory) 副征
  commemorative 后遗症
  sign of death 死征
  diagnostic诊断征
  sign of disease 病征
  subjective 自觉征,主观征
  vein sign静脉征vital sign 生命体征
  body length (height of the body) 身高
  body weight 体重



常见手术英语名称
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
General Sugery 普外 appendectomy (appendicectomy) 阑尾切除术 cholecystectmy 胆囊切除术 cholecystostomy 胆囊造口术 drainage of the abscess 脓肿引流 enterostomy 肠造口术 exploratory General Sugery 普外
  appendectomy (appendicectomy) 阑尾切除术
  cholecystectmy 胆囊切除术
  cholecystostomy 胆囊造口术
  drainage of the abscess 脓肿引流
  enterostomy 肠造口术
  exploratory laparotomy 开腹探查术
  gastrectomy 胃切除术
  gastroduodenostomy 胃十二指肠吻合术
  hemorrhoidectomy 痔切除术
  hepaticotomy 肝管切开术
  hepatectomy 肝切除术
  herniorrhaphy 疝修补术
  ligation of lower oesophageal veins 低位食管静脉结扎
  pancreatectomy 胰切除术
  portal vena cava anastomosis 门腔静脉吻合术
  pyloroplasty 幽门成形术
  mastectomy 乳房切除术
  splenectomy 脾切除术
  thyroidectomy 甲状腺切除术
  thyroid lobectomy 甲状腺叶切除术
  vagotomy 迷走神经切断术Orthopedics 骨科
  amputation 截肢
  arthrodesis 关节固定术
  curettage if bone tumor 骨瘤刮除术
  excision of bone tumor 骨瘤切除术
  external fixation 外固定
  fasciotomy 筋膜切开术
  free skin graft 自由皮瓣移植
  internal fixation 内固定
  plaster cast 石膏管形
  plaster splintage 石膏夹板固定
  prosthetic replacement for joint 人工关节置换术
  reduction of fracture 骨折复位
  reduction of joint dislocation 关节脱位复位
  repair if ligament 韧带修补
  replantation if digit断指再植
  skeletal traction 骨牵引
  tenorrhaphy 腱缝合术
  Thoracic Surgery 胸外科
  aortocoronary bypass 主动脉冠状动脉分流
  closed drainage of pleural cavity 胸腔闭式引流
  complete intracardiac repair of Fallot's Tetralogy 法洛完全修复术
  dilation of aortic valular stenosis 主动脉瓣狭窄扩张术
  exploratory thoracotomy 开胸探查
  heart transplantation 心脏移植
  heart valve replacement 心脏瓣膜置换术
  ligation of patent ductus arteriosis 动脉导管未闭结扎术
  lobectomy of lungs 肺叶切除
  local excision of tumor of lungs 肺肿瘤局部切除术
  parial esophagectomy and reconstruction of esophagus
  食管部分切除、重建
  repair of auricular septal defect 房间隔缺损修补术
 


双语:医院日常用品和设备
作者:中国护士网 来源:www.medtrans.cn
·Stethoscope[听诊器] ·Sphygmomanometer (Blood pressure gauge)[血压计] ·Thermometer[体温表] ·Tongue depressor (spatula)[压舌板] ·Needle[针头] ·Syringe[注射器] ·Cotton stick ·Stethoscope[听诊器]
·Sphygmomanometer (Blood pressure gauge)[血压计]
·Thermometer[体温表]
·Tongue depressor (spatula)[压舌板]
·Needle[针头]
·Syringe[注射器]
·Cotton stick (ball)[棉签(球)]
·Bandage[绷带]
·Elastic bandage[弹力绷带]
·Esmarch`s bandage[橡皮绷带]
·Tourniquet[止血带]
·Gauze[纱布]
·Adhesive plaster[橡皮膏]
·Dressing[敷料]
·Splint[夹板]
·Rubber glove[橡皮手套]
·Sand bag[沙袋]
·Ice bag[冰袋]
·Hot water bottle[热水瓶]
·Bedpan[便盒]
·Urinal[尿壶]
·Catheter[导尿管]
·Rectal tube[肛管]
·Dilator[扩张器]
·Gastric tube[胃管]
·Lavage tube[洗胃管]
·Oxygen tube (cylinder)[吸氧管]
·Sengstaken-Blakemore tube[三腔二囊管]
·Visual testing chart[视力表]
·Incubator[保温箱]
·Plaster bed[石膏床]
·Sheet[被单]
·Bedding[被褥]
·Blanket[毛毯]
·Diaper[尿布]
·Pillow case[枕套]
·Bedside table[床头柜]
·Towel[毛巾]
·Basin[脸盒]
·Comb[梳子]
·Tooth-paste[牙膏]
·Tooth-brush[牙刷]
·Rubber cushion[橡皮圈]
·Air cushion bed[气垫床]
·Scale[台秤]
·Flashlight[电筒]
·Scissors[剪刀]
·Tray[托盘]
·Sputum cup[痰杯]
·Test tube[试管]
·Infusion support[输液架]
·Infusion drip monitor[输液滴速监护仪]
·Micropump[微泵]
·Operating table[手术台]
·Shadowless lamp[无影灯]
·Slit lamp[裂隙灯]
·Scalpel[手术刀]
·Silk sutures[丝线]
·Rubber drainage[引流管]
·Operating gown[手术衣]
·Overalls[工作服]
·Operating sheet[手术床单]
·Mask[口罩]
·Hemostatic forceps[止血钳]
·Needle forceps (holder)[持针钳]
·Dressing forceps[敷料钳]
·Smooth forceps[无齿镊]
·Tissue forceps[组织镊]
·Anesthesia machine[麻醉机]
·Electrocardiograph[心电图机]
·X-ray machine[X线机]
·Ventilator[呼吸机]
·Suction[吸引器]
·Tractor[牵引器]
·Rescue carrigae[抢救车]
·Stretcher[担架]
·Bedside monitor[床边监护仪]
·Defibrillator[除颤仪]
·Ambulance[救护车]
·Pacemaker[起搏器]
·Hyperbaric oxygen chamber[高压氧仓]
·Otoscope[耳镜]
·Rhinoscope[鼻镜]
·Ophthalmoscope[眼底镜]
·Esophagoscope[食道镜]
·Bronchofiberscope[纤支镜]
·Gastrofiberscope[纤维胃镜]
·Proctoscope[直肠镜]
·Peritoneoscope[腹腔镜]
·Sigmoidoscope[结肠镜]
·Cystoscope[膀胱镜]
·Microscope[显微镜]
·Thoracentesis set[胸穿包]
·Lumbar puncture set[腰穿包]
·Bone marrow puncture set[骨穿包]
· Abdominocentesis set[ [腹穿包]
·Venosection set[静切包]
·Transfusion set[输血包]
·Refrigerator[冰箱]
·Microwave oven[微波炉]
·Blood pressure monitor[血压监护仪]
·Automatic blood pressure meter( ABPM)[自动血压机]



法医病理学专业英语一
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
Judicial Expertise Center司法鉴定中心 Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine) 法医学 Forensic Pathology 法医病理学 Clinical Forensic Medicine 法医临床学 Forensic Toxicology 法医毒理 Judicial Expertise Center 司法鉴定中心
Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine) 法医学
Forensic Pathology 法医病理学
Clinical Forensic Medicine 法医临床学
Forensic Toxicology 法医毒理学
Forensic Toxicological Analysis 法医毒物分析
Science of Medico-legal Physical Evidence 法医物证学
Forensic Anthropology 法医人类学
Forensic Dentistry 法医牙科学
Forensic Psychiatry 法医精神病学
Public Security Organs 公安机关
Procurator Organs 检察机关
Court of Justice 法院
Forensic Science 刑事技术
Forensic medical teaching 法医学教学
Specialized subject in Forensic Medicine法医学专业
Specialized course 专业课
Professional knowledge 专业知识
Judicial office 司法机关
Judicial procedure 司法程序



一、 尸体现象 (Postmortem phenomena)
1. Livor Mortis (尸斑)
2. Rigor Mortis (尸僵)
3. Body Temperature (尸温)
4. Decomposition (尸体腐败)
5. Mummy (木乃伊)
6. Chemical Changes in Body Fluids(体液尸体化学改变)
二、钝器伤 (Blunt Trauma Wounds)
1. Abrasion (擦伤)
2. Contusion (挫伤)
3. Laceration (裂伤)
4. Defense Wound (抵抗伤)
5. Fracture of the Skull (颅骨骨折)
6. Fracture of the Extremities (四肢骨折)
7. Pelvic Fracture (骨盆骨折)
三、锐器伤 (Wounds Caused by Pointed and Sharp-Edged Weapons)
1. Stab Wound (刺创)
2. Incised Wound (切创)
3. Chop Wound (砍创)
4. Gunshot Wound (枪创)
四、机械性窒息 (Asphyxia)
1. Hanging (缢死)
2. Ligature Strangulation (勒死)
3. Manual Strangulation (扼死)
4. Smothering(捂死)
5. Choking (哽死)
6. Drowning (溺死)
7. Sexual Asphyxia (性窒息)
五、其 他1.Deaths Caused by Motor Vehicle Accidents (道路交通损伤)
2.烧伤 (Fire Death)
3.Electrocution (电击死)
4.Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (一氧化碳中毒)
5.Drug Abuse and Drug Deaths (药物滥用致死)
6.Sudden Death (急死)


医务人员英文名称
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
director of the hospital 院长 physician 内科医师 chief physician 主任医师 associate chief physician 副主任医师 attending doctor 主治医师 resident doctor 住院医师 intern doctor 实 director of the hospital 院长
  physician 内科医师
  chief physician 主任医师
  associate chief physician 副主任医师
  attending doctor 主治医师
  resident doctor 住院医师
  intern doctor 实习医师
  general practitioner 全科医师
  specialist 专科医师
  head of the nursing department 护理部主任
  Head nurse 护士长
  Student nurse 实习护士
  E.N.T.doctor 耳鼻喉科医师
  Ophthalmologist 眼科医师
  Dentist 牙科医师
  Orthopedist 骨科医师
  Dermatologist 皮肤科医师
  urologist surgeon 泌尿外科医师
  neurosurgeon 神经外科医师
  plastic surgeon 矫形外科医师
  anaesthetist 麻醉科医师
  Doctor for tuberculosis 结核科医师
  Physiotherapist 理疗科
  Doctor for infectious diseases 传染病科
  Dietician 营养科医师
  Pediatrician 儿科医师
  Obstetrician 产科医师
  Midwife 助产师
  Gynecologist 妇科医师
  Radiologist 放射科医师
  Epidemiologist 流行病医师
  Pharmacist 药剂医师
  Assistant pharmacist 药剂医士
  Laboratory technician 化验员
  Assistant nurse 卫生员
  Cleaner 清洁员
  Controller 总务科长
  Registrar 挂号员
  Sanitation worker 消毒员


中草药名称
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
Earthworm地龙 East Asian Tree Fern Rhizome狗脊 Elecampane Inula Root土木香 Emblic Leafflower Fruit余甘子 English Walnut Seed胡桃仁 Entada Sten瞌藤子 Entadae Stem过江龙 Ephedra Her Earthworm地龙
East Asian Tree Fern Rhizome狗脊
Elecampane Inula Root土木香
Emblic Leafflower Fruit余甘子
English Walnut Seed胡桃仁
Entada Sten瞌藤子
Entadae Stem过江龙
Ephedra Herb麻黄
Epigeal Srephaia Root地不容
Epimedium Herb淫羊藿
Erect St. John'swort Herb小连翘
Ergot麦角
Eriocarpous Glochidion Leaf漆大姑
Eucommia Bark杜仲
European Grape Fruit索索葡萄
European Hop Flower啤酒花
European Verbena马鞭草
European Waterhemlock Root毒芹
False Chinese Swertia Herb当药
Falsehellebore Root and Rhizome藜芦
Falsesour Cherry樱桃核
Fangchi Root广防已
Feather Cockscomb Seed青葙子
Fennel Fruit小茴香
Fermented Soybean淡豆豉
Fewflower Lysionotus Herb石吊兰
Field Sowthistle Herb苣荬菜
Fig无花果
Figwort Root玄参
FigwortflowerPicrorhizaRhizome胡黄连
Filiform Cassytha Herb无根藤
Fimbriae Orostachys瓦松
Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb荆芥
Finger Citron佛手
Fistular Onion Stalk葱白
Fiveleaf Gynostemma Herb绞股蓝
Flabelate Maiden-hair Herb过坛龙
Flastem Milkvetch Seed沙苑子
Flos Caryophyllata丁香
Fluorite紫石英
Forbes Wildginger Herb杜衡
Forest Frog's Oviduct蛤蟆油
Forrest Silkvine Stem or Root黑骨头
Fortune Eupatorium Herb佩兰
Fortune Firethorn Fruit救兵粮
Fortune Loosestrife Herb星宿菜
Fortune Meadowrue Herb白蓬草
Fortune Paulownia Fruit /Royal Paulownia Fruit泡桐果
Fortune Plumyew Twig and Leaf三尖杉
Fortune Windmillpalm Petiole棕榈
Fortune's Drynaria Rhizome骨碎补
Fourstamen Stephania Root粉防己/汉防己
Fragrant Eupatorium Herb飞机草
Fragrant Plantainlily Herb玉簪
Fragrant Sarcococca Herb清香桂
Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome玉竹
Franchet Groundcherry Calyx and Fruit锦灯笼
Frangrant Ainsliaea Herb杏香兔耳风
Frankincense乳香
Freshwater Sponge紫梢花
Fringed Iris Herb铁扁担
Fruticose Breyniae Leaf and Twig黑面神


医学设备词汇
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
Urine Analyzer 尿液分析仪 blood sugar(glucose ) analyzer血糖分析仪 test strip 测试条 reagent 试剂 Semi-automatic Biochemical Analyzer半自动生化分析仪 Automatic Blood Cell Analyz Urine Analyzer 尿液分析仪
blood sugar(glucose ) analyzer血糖分析仪
test strip 测试条
reagent 试剂
Semi-automatic Biochemical Analyzer半自动生化分析仪
Automatic Blood Cell Analyzer全自动血细胞分析仪
Urine sediments analyzer尿沉渣
Bio-safety Cabinet 生物安全柜
Incubator培养箱
High Frequency Electrotome 高频电刀
shadowless lamp无影灯
High speed refrigerated centrifuge高速冷冻离心机
hot air sterilizer热空气消毒箱
microbiological incubator微生物培养箱
Halogen light 卤素灯
disposable sterile injector 一次性无菌注射针
injection set注射器
disposable venous infusion needle一次性静脉输液针
disposable infusion set 一次性使用输液器
blood transfusion set输血器
infusion bag液袋
urine drainage bag集尿袋
blood bag血袋
medical catheter医用导管
stainless steel needle不锈钢医用针管
blood taking needle采血针
needle destroyer针头销毁器
automatic packer自动纸塑包装机
scalp vein set头皮针
uniprocessor version单机版
network version网络版
macromolecule-solvent 高分子溶解的
macromolecule cold accumulation 高分子蓄冷
cold treatment冷疗法
ice pack冰袋
eyeshade 眼罩
Medical injection pump医用灌注泵
lithotrite 碎石机
extracorporeal shock wave lithotrite体外冲击碎石机
Ballistic intracroporeal lithotrite 气压冲击体内碎石机
Laparoscope 腹腔镜
Urology 泌尿外科
kidney stones 肾结石
Multi-parameter monitor, 多参数监护仪
maternal monitor/fetal monitor母亲/胎儿监护仪
ICU monitor 重症监护仪
anesthetic equipment 麻醉机
respirator呼吸机
electronic colposcope 电子阴道镜


生理卫生词汇英汉对照A
作者:中国护士网 来源:网络转载
Abdomen 腹〔部〕 Abdominal cavity 腹腔 Abdominal muscle 腹肌 Abiotic (1)非生物的﹐(2) 无生命的 Abscess 脓肿 Absolute alcohol 无水酒精 Absorption 吸收作用 Accommodation 调整作   Abdomen 腹〔部〕
  Abdominal cavity 腹腔
  Abdominal muscle 腹肌
  Abiotic (1)非生物的﹐(2) 无生命的
  Abscess 脓肿
  Absolute alcohol 无水酒精
  Absorption 吸收作用
  Accommodation 调整作用
  Acetic acid 醋酸
  Acetic alcohol 醋酸酒精
  Aceto-orcein 醋酸地衣红
  Acetylcholine 乙醯胆碱
  Acid rain 酸雨
  Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)后天免疫力缺乏症(艾滋病)
  Acquired immunity 获得免疫﹔后天免疫
  Acromegaly 肢端巨大症
  Acrosome 顶体
  Actinomycete 放菌
  Activated sludge method 活性污(淤)泥处理法
  Active immunity 自动免疫
  Active site 活性部位
  Active transport 主动运输
  Adaptation 适应
  Addiction 瘾
  Adenine 腺嘌呤
  Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)腺〔嘌呤核〕 二磷酸﹔二磷酸腺
  Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) 腺〔嘌呤核〕 三磷酸﹔三磷酸腺
  Adipose tissue 脂肪组织
  Adolescense 青年期
  Adrenal cortex 肾上腺皮质
  Adrenal gland 肾上腺
  Adrenal medulla 肾上腺髓质
  Adrenaline 肾上腺素
  Adulthood 成年期
  Aedes 伊蚊属
  Aeration tank 曝气池
  Aerobe 需氧生物
  Aerobic respiration 需氧呼吸
  Affective psychosis 情感性精神病
  Afferent arteriole 输入小动脉
  Afforestation 造林
  Aflatoxin 黄曲霉素
  Afterbirth 胎盘胎膜
  Agar plate 琼脂平面
  Agar 琼脂
  Agglutination 凝集作用
  Agglutinin 凝集素
  Agglutinogen 凝集原
  Aggression 攻击性行为
  Aging 衰老
  Agranulocyte 无粒白细胞﹔无粒白血球
  Ailment 疾病
  Air pollution 空气染污
  Albinism 白化
  Albumen 蛋白
  Albumin 白蛋白
  Alcohol dependence 酒
  Alcohol 醇﹔酒精
  Alcoholic fermentation 酒精发酵
  Alcoholic posioning 醇中毒﹔酒精中毒
  Alcoholic 酗酒者
  Alcoholism (1) 酗酒﹐(2) 醇中毒﹔酒精中毒
  Alga 藻
  Alimentary canal 消化道﹔消化管
  Allele 等位基因
  Allergy 过敏反应
  Alveolus 肺泡
  Amino acid 胺基酸﹔氨基酸
  Amino group 胺基﹔氨基
  Ammonia 氨
  Ammonification 氨化作用
  Ammonifying bacteria 氨化细菌
  Amnesia 记忆缺失﹔遗忘〔症〕
  Amnion 羊膜
  Amniotic cavity 羊膜腔
  Amniotic fluid 羊水
  Amniotic sac 羊膜囊
  Amoeba 变形虫
  Amoebic dysentery 变形虫性痢疾﹔阿米巴痢疾
  Amoeboid movement 变形运动
  Amphetamine 安非他明
  Amphibian 两栖动物
  Ampicillin 氨青 霉(霉)素
  Ampulla 壶腹
  Amylase 淀粉
  Anabolism 组成代谢
  Anaemia 贫血
  Anaerobe 厌氧生物
  Anaerobic respiration 缺氧呼吸
  Anaerobic 缺氧的
  Anaesthesia 麻醉法
  Anaesthetic 麻醉剂
  Analgesic 镇痛剂
  Androgen 雄激素
  Angina 绞痛
  Animal husbandry 畜牧〔业〕
  Ankle 踝
  Anopheles 按蚊属
  Anorexia nervosa 厌食
  Antagonistic muscle 拮抗肌
  Anterior pituitary 脑垂体前叶
  Anterior vena cava 前腔大静脉
  Anthrax 炭疽
  Anthropoid 类人猿
  Anti-depressant 抗抑郁药
  Antibiotic disc 抗生素片
  Antibiotic 抗生素﹔抗菌素
  Antibody 抗体
  Anticoagulant 抗凝血剂
  Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) 抗利尿激素
  Antigen 抗原
  Antihistamine 抗组胺药
  Antioxidant 抗氧化剂
  Antiperspirant 止汗药
  Antipsychotic drug 精神抑制药

B.C.G. (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) vaccine 卡介苗
  Baboon 狒狒
  Bacillus 杆菌
  Bacillus anthracis 炭疽杆菌
  Bacillus megatherium 巨大芽胞杆菌
  Bacillus subtilus 枯草杆菌
  Bacillus typhosus 伤寒沙门杆菌
  Backbone 柱
  Background radiation 本底辐射
  Bactericidal 杀菌的
  Bactericide 杀〔细〕菌剂
  Bacterium 细菌
  Balance of nature 自然平衡
  Balanced diet 均衡膳食
  Ball and socket joint 球窝关节
  Barbiturate 巴比妥盐
  Barnacle 藤壶
  Barrier method 屏障法
  Basal metabolic rate (BMR) 基础代谢率
  Basal metabolism 基础代谢
  Base pair 碱基对
  Base sequence 碱基顺序
  Basement membrane 基底膜
  Basilar membrane 基膜
  Beaker 烧杯
  Beef extract 牛肉汁
  Bell jar 钟形罩
  Benedict's solution 本立德溶液
  Benedict's test 本立德试验
  Beri beri 脚气病
  Bicarbonate indicator 重碳酸盐指示剂
  Biceps 二头肌
  Bicuspid valve 二尖瓣
  Bile 胆汁
  Bile duct 胆管
  Bile pigment 胆色素
  Bile salt 胆盐
  Bilirubin 胆红素
  Biliverdin 胆绿素
  Binary fission 二分体分裂
  Binocular vision 双眼视觉
  Binomial nomenclature 双名法
  Binomial system 双名法
  Biochemical 生化的
  Biochemical oxygen demand (B.O.D) 生化需氧量
  Biocide 杀生物剂
  Biodegradable 生物可降解的
  Biological control 生物防治
  Biological fitler method 生物过滤法
  Biological indicator 生物指示者
  Biomass 生物量
  Biome 生物群落
  Biosphere 生物圈
  Biosynthesis 生物合成
  Biotic (1)生物的﹐(2)有生命的
  Biotic community 生物群落
  Bird 鸟
  Birth 分娩
  Birth control 控制生育﹔节育
  Biuret test 二缩 试验
  Bladder (1)囊﹐(2)膀胱
  Bladderworm 囊尾幼虫
  Blind spot 盲点
  Blinking reflex 瞬目反应
  Blood 血〔液〕
  Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) 血酒精浓度
  Blood capillary 微血管
  Blood cell 血细胞
  Blood circulation 血液循环
  Blood clot 血凝块
  Blood clotting 凝血作用
  Blood group 血型
  Blood pressure 血压
  Blood sinus 血窦
  Blood smear 血涂片
  Blood stream 血流
  Blood sugar 血糖
  Blood transfusion 输血
  Blood vessel 血管
  Blue asbestos 青石棉
  Body 躯体
  Body cavity 体腔
  Body fluid 体液
  Body tube 镜筒
  Boil 疖
  Boiling tube 大试管
  Bolus 食团
  Bone 骨
  Bone marrow 骨髓
  Bone tissue 骨组织
  Bony labyrinth 骨迷路
  Booster 加强剂
  Bordetella pertussis 百日咳杆菌
  Botulism 肉毒中毒
  Bowman 's capsule 鲍〔曼〕氏囊﹔肾小球囊
  Brachial artery 肱动脉
  Brain 脑
  Breast bone 胸骨
  Breathing 呼吸
  Breathing rate 呼吸率
  Breeding 育种
  Bristle 刚毛
  Broad spectrum antibiotics 广谱抗生素
  Bromothymol blue 溴百里香酚蓝
  Bronchiole 小支气管
  Bronchitis 支气管炎
  Bronchus 支气管
  Broth 液体培养基
  Bubonic plague 黑死病
  Buccal cavity 口腔
  Buffer 缓冲剂
  Bulbourethral gland 尿道球腺
  Bulimia nerovsa 贪食﹔食欲过盛
  Bunsen burner 本生灯

Caddisfly larva 石蚕
  Caddisfly 石蛾
  Caecum 盲肠
  Caesarian section 剖腹取子术
  Caffeine 咖啡因
  Calciferol (vitamin D) 化醇
  Calcification 化作用
  Calcium carbonate 碳酸
  Calculus 齿石
  Calf muscle 小腿肌肉
  Calorie 卡〔路里〕
  Calorific value 热值﹔卡值
  Calorimeter 量热器
  Cancer 癌
  Cancerous cell 癌细胞
  Candiada albicans 白色念珠菌
  Candiada 念珠菌属
  Canine 犬齿
  Cannabis sativa 大麻
  Cannabis 大麻
  Canopy (1)树冠﹐(2)冠层
  Capillary bed 微血管床
  Capillary network 微血管网
  Capillary tube 毛细管
  Capillary 微血管
  Capsular ligament 囊状 带
  Caramel 焦糖
  Carbaminohaemoglobin 碳胺血红蛋白﹔碳胺血红素
  Carbohaemoglobin 碳酸血红蛋白﹔碳酸血红素
  Carbohydrase 碳水化合物
  Carbohydrate 碳水化合物
  Carbon cycle 碳循环
  Carbon dioxide 二氧化碳
  Carbon monoxide haemoglobin 一氧化碳血红蛋白﹔一氧化碳血红素
  Carbon monoxide 一氧化碳
  Carbonic anhydrase 碳酸
  Carboxyhaemoglobin 碳氧血红蛋白﹔碳氧血红素
  Carcinogen 致癌物
  Carcinoma 癌
  Cardia muscle 心〔脏〕肌
  Cardiac cycle 心搏周期
  Cardiac output 心输出量
  Cardiac sphincter 贲门括约肌
  Cardiac volume 心容量
  Cardiovascular disease 心血管疾病
  Carnivore 食肉生物
  Carotene 胡萝卜素
  Carotid artery 颈动脉
  Carpal 腕骨
  Cartilage 软骨
  Casein 酪蛋白
  Casualty 急症室
  Catabolism 分解代谢
  Catalase 过氧化氢
  Catalyst 催化剂
  Cataract 白内障
  Caucasoid 白种﹔高加索人种
  Caudal vertebra 尾椎
  Cavity 腔
  Cell body 〔细〕胞体
  Cell division 细胞分裂
  Cell membrane 细胞膜
  Cell sap 细胞液
  Cell theory 细胞学说
  Cell wall 细胞璧
  Cell 细胞
  Cellular respiration 细胞呼吸〔作用〕
  Cellulase 纤维素
  Cellulose 纤维素
  Cement 牙骨质﹔白垩质
  Cementum 牙骨质
  Centipede 蜈蚣﹔百足
  Central canal 中央管
  Central dogma 中心法则
  Central nervous system 中枢神经系统
  Centrifuge 离心机
  Centriole 中心粒
  Centromere 丝点
  Centrum 椎体
  Ceramic wire gauze 陶瓷铁丝网
  Cerebellum 小脑
  Cerebral cortex 大脑皮层
  Cerebral hemisphere 大脑半球
  Cerebral thrombosis 脑血栓形成
  Cerebral ventricle 脑室
  Cerebrospinal fluid 脑 髓液
  Cerebrum 大脑
  Cerumen 聍﹔耳垢
  Ceruminous gland 聍腺
  Cervical vertebra 颈椎
  Cervix (1)颈﹐(2)子宫颈
  Chancre 下疳
  Character (1)性状﹐(2)特征
  Cheek cell 颊上皮细胞
  Chemoreceptor 化学感受器
  Chemotherapy 化学疗法
  Chiasma 交叉
  Chickenpox 水痘
  Child birth 分娩
  Childhood 儿童期
  Chimpanzee 黑猩猩
  Chinese liver fluke 中华肝吸虫
  Chloramphenicol 氯霉(霉)素
  Chlorination 加氯消毒法
  Chloroform 氯仿
  Chlorophyll 叶绿素
  Chloroplast 叶绿体
  Choking 气哽﹔气阻
  Cholera 霍乱
  Cholesterol 胆固醇
  Chordae tendineae 腱索
  Chorion 绒〔毛〕膜
  Chorionic villi 绒毛膜绒毛
  Choroid 脉胳膜
  Chromatid 染色单体
  Chromatin 染色质
  Chromomere 染色粒
  Chromonema 染色丝
  Chromosomal aberration 染色体畸

 Daugther 子代
  Dead space 无效空间
  Deamination 脱胺作用﹔脱氨基作用
  Decant 倾注
  Decay 腐败
  Decibel (Db) 分贝
  Decidua 蜕膜
  Decomposer 分解者
  Decomposition 分解作用
  Decongestant 减充血剂
  Defaecation 排粪
  Deficiency disease 营养缺乏病
  Deforestation 滥伐〔林木〕
  Degeneration 退化
  Degenerative disease 退化病
  Degradation 降解作用
  Dementia 痴呆
  Demineralisation 脱矿质作用
  Denaturation 变性作用
  Denatured protein 变性蛋白
  Dendrite 树突
  Dendron 树突
  Denitrfying bacteria 反硝化细菌﹔脱氮细菌
  Denitrification 反硝化作用﹔脱氮作用
  Dental caries 龋齿
  Dental floss 牙
  Dental formula 齿式
  Dentine 牙本质﹔象牙质
  Dentition 牙列
  Denture 牙托
  Deodorant 除臭剂
  Deoxygenated blood 缺氧血
  Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) 脱氧核糖核酸
  Deoxyribose 脱氧核糖
  Deprementia 精神抑郁
  Depressant 抑制药﹔镇静剂
  Depression 抑郁
  Dermal papilla 真皮乳头
  Dermatitis 皮〔肤〕炎
  Dermis 真皮
  Detergent 清洁剂
  Detoxication 解毒作用
  Detritus (1) 碎屑﹔(2) 腐质
  Development 发育
  Diabetes mellitus 糖尿病
  Dialysis tubing 透析管
  Dialysis 透析作用
  Diaphragm (1) 横膈膜﹐(2) 光栏
  Diaphragm, contraceptive 子宫帽
  Diaphysis 骨干
  Diarrhoea 腹泻
  Diastole 心舒期
  Diastolic pressure 心舒压
  Diatom 硅藻
  Dichlorophenol indophenol (DCPIP) 二氯酚靛酚
  Diet 膳食
  Dietary fibre 食用纤维
  Dieting 节食
  Differential air thermometer 相异空气温度计
  Differential permeability 分别透性
  Differentially permeable membrane 分别透〔性〕膜
  Differentiation 分化作用
  Diffusion 扩化作用
  Digestion 消化作用
  Digestive enzyme 消化
  Digestive gland 消化腺
  Digestive system 消化液
  Digestive tract 消化系统
  Digit 趾
  Diglyceride 甘油二酯
  Dilate 扩张
  Dilirium tremens 颤抖性谵妄
  Dilute 稀释
  Dinoflagellate 双鞭藻
  Dioptre 屈光度
  Dip net 掬网
  Dipeptide 二
  Diphtheria 白喉
  Diplococcus pneumoniae 肺炎双球菌
  Diploid 二倍体
  Disaccharide 二糖
  Discharge 流出
  Discontinuous variation 不连续变异
  Disease carrier 疾病媒介物
  Disinfectant 消毒剂
  Dislocation 脱位
  Dispensary 配药房
  Dissecting microscope 解剖显微镜
  Dissecting needle 解剖针
  Dissecting scissors 解剖剪
  Dissecting tray 解剖盘
  Dissection 解剖
  Distal convoluted tubule 远曲小管
  Divider 针规
  Dominace 显性
  Dorsal root ganglion 背根节
  Dorsal root 背根
  Double circulation 双循环
  Double helix 双螺旋
  Down syndrome 唐氏综合症状
  Dragonfly nymph 蜻蜓若虫
  Dressing 敷料
  Droplet infection 飞沬传染
  Dropper 滴管
  Dropping bottle 滴瓶
  Dropping funnel 滴液漏斗
  Dropping pipette 滴管
  Drug 药〔物〕
  Drug abuse 滥用药物
  Drug dependence 药瘾
  Drug resistance 抗药性
  Drug therapy 药物治疗
  Drug tolerance 药物耐受性
  Duckweed (1) 浮萍﹐ (2) 青萍
  Ductless gland 无管腺
  Duodenal gland 十二指肠腺
  Duodenum 十二指肠


Facultative 兼性
  Faeces 粪便
  Fallopian funnel 输卵管漏斗
  Fallopian tube 输卵管
  False rib 假肋
  Family 科
  Fat cell 脂肪细胞
  Fat soluble 脂溶性的
  Fat 脂肪
  Fatty acid 脂肪酸
  Fatty sheath 脂肪鞘
  Fatty tissue 脂肪组织
  Fauna 动物区系
  Feedback control 反馈控制
  Feedback mechanism 反馈机制
  Feedback 反馈
  Fehiling's test 菲令氏试验
  Fehling's solution 菲令氏溶液
  Female sex hormone 女性激素
  Female 女性
  Femoral artery 股骨动脉
  Femur 股骨
  Fenestra ovalis (oval window) 卵圆窗
  Fenestra rotunda (round window) 正圆窗
  Fermentation 发酵作用
  Fern 蕨
  Fertilization membrane 受精膜
  Fertilization 受精作用
  Fertilized egg 受精卵
  Fertilized ovum 受精卵
  Fertilizer 肥料
  Fibre 纤维
  Fibrin 纤维蛋白
  Fibrinogen 纤维蛋白原
  Fibrous tissue 纤维组织
  Fibula 腓骨
  Filter paper 滤纸
  Filtration 过滤法
  Fine adjustment knob 微调节器﹔微调焦轮
  Finger bone 指骨
  Finger 指
  First aid 急救术
  Fish 鱼
  Fissure 裂缝
  Fixative 固定剂
  Fixed joint 不动关节
  Flagellum 鞭毛
  Flaming 火 灭菌
  Flatworm 扁虫类
  Flavour enhancer 味加强剂
  Flea 蚤
  Flexor 屈肌
  Floating rib 浮肋
  Flocculation 絮凝〔作用〕﹔絮状沉淀法
  Flora 植物区系
  Florescein 荧光素
  Flow of energy 能〔量〕流
  Fluoridation 加氟作用
  Fluoride 氟化物
  Foetus 胎儿
  Follicle stimulation hormone (FSH) 促卵泡激素
  Follicle 卵泡
  Food additive 食物附加剂
  Food calorimeter 食物量热器
  Food chain 食物链
  Food curing 食物加工法
  Food poisoning 食物中毒
  Food preservation 食物保藏
  Food web 食物网
  Foramen magnum 枕骨大孔
  Foramen 孔
  Forceps 镊子
  Fore arm 前臂
  Forebrain 前脑
  Foreign body 异物
  Foreskin 包皮
  Fossil fuel 化石燃料
  Fovea (yellow spot) 视网膜中央凹
  Fracture 脆裂
  Fresh water habitat 淡水生境
  Fructose 果糖
  Fruiting body 子实体
  Function 功能﹔功用
  Fungicide 杀真菌剂
  Fungus 真菌
  Galactose 半乳糖
  Gall bladder 胆囊
  Gamete 配子
  Gametogenesis 配子形成
  Ganglion 神经节
  Gas cylinder 气体钢筒
  Gaseous exchange 气体交换
  Gastric gland 胃腺
  Gastric juice 胃液
  Gastrin 促胃液素
  Gastrointestinal tract 胃肠管
  Gel 凝胶
  Gelatin 明胶
  Gelatinous plate 胶质块
  Gene mutation 基因突变
  Gene segregation 基因分离
  Gene 基因
  General practitioner (GP) 普通科医生
  Generation 〔世〕代
  Genetic carrier 遗传载体
  Genetic code 遗传密码
  Genetic material 遗传物质
  Genetics 遗传学
  Genital herpes 生殖器 疹
  Genital organ 生殖器
  Genital warts 生殖器疣
  Genotype 基因型
  Genus 属
  Germ 病菌
  German measles (Rubella) 德国痲疹﹔〔病毒性〕风疹
  Germinative layer 生发层
  Gestation period 妊娠期
  Gibbon 长臂猿
  Gigantism 巨人症
  Gingiva 龈
  Gingivitis 龈炎
  Girdle 带
  Glacial acetic acid 无水醋酸
  Gland 腺
  Glandular cell 腺细胞

Habitat 生境
  Habituation 习惯形成﹔成瘾
  Haemoglobin 血红蛋白﹔血红素
  Haemolysis 溶血作用
  Haemophilia 血友病
  Haemorrhage 出血
  Hair cell 毛细胞
  Hair follicle 毛囊
  Hair papilla 毛乳头
  Hair plexus 毛丛
  Hair shaft 毛干
  Hair 毛〔发〕
  Hallucination 幻觉
  Hallucinogen 致幻剂
  Hand lens 放大镜
  Haploid 单倍体
  Hard palate 硬
  Haversian canal 哈〔弗〕氏管
  Hay fever 枯草热﹔花粉病
  Head 头
  Hearing 听〔觉〕
  Heart cycle 心搏周期
  Heart failure 心力衰竭
  Heart muscle 心〔脏〕肌
  Heart sound 心音
  Heart 心〔脏〕
  Heartbeat rate 心搏率
  Heartbeat 心搏
  Heat cramp 热痉挛
  Heat receptor 热觉感受器
  Heat stroke 中暑
  Hematocrit 血细胞比容﹔血细胞容量计
  Heparin 肝素
  Hepatic artery 肝动脉
  Hepatic portal vein 肝门静脉
  Hepatic vein 肝静脉
  Hepatitis 肝炎
  Herb 草本植物
  Herbicide 除莠剂﹔除草剂
  Herbivore 草食性动物
  Hereditary disease 遗传〔性疾〕病
  Hereditary 遗传
  Hermaphrodite 雌雄同体
  Hermit crab 寄居蟹
  Heroin 海洛因
  Herpes 疹
  Heterotroph 异养生物
  Heterotrophic nutrition 异养营养
  Heterozygote 杂合子
  Heterozygous 杂合的
  High power objective 高倍〔接〕物镜
  Hind brain 后脑
  Hinge joint 铰链关节
  Hip girdle 腰带
  Hip joint 髋关节
  Histamine 组〔织〕胺
  Histology 组织学
  Historgram 直方图
  Homeostasis 体内平衡
  Homeostatic mechanism 体内平衡机制
  Hominoid 人科
  Homo sapiens 智人
  Homoiotherm 恒温动物
  Homoiothermy 恒温
  Homologous chromosomes 同源染色体
  Homozygote 纯合子
  Homozygous 纯合的
  Hormonal coordination 激素协调
  Hormone 激素
  Host 寄主
  Human growth curve 人类生长曲
  Human species 人种
  Human torso 人体躯干模型
  Humerus 肱骨﹔上膊骨
  Humus tank 腐殖质池
  Humus 腐殖质
  Hyaline cartilage 透明软骨
  Hydrilla 黑藻
  Hydrocarbon 碳氢化合物
  Hydrochloric acid 盐酸
  Hydrogen peroxide 过氧化氢
  Hydrogen sulphide 硫化氢
  Hydrogencarbonate indicator 碳酸氢盐指示剂
  Hydrolysis 水解作用
  Hymen 处女膜
  Hypermetropia (longsight) 远视
  Hypertension 高血压
  Hypertonic solution 高渗溶液
  Hyperventilation 过度换气
  Hypha 菌丝
  Hypnotic 催眠药
  Hypochondria 疑病(症)
  Hypodermal injection 皮下注射
  Hypothalaums 下丘脑
  Hypothermia 低温
  Hypothesis 假说
  Hypotonic solution 低渗溶液
  Hysteria 病﹔歇斯底里
  Ice bath 冰浴
  Ileum 回肠
  Iliac artery 髂骨动物﹔肠骨动脉
  Ilium 髂骨﹔肠骨
  Immovable joint 不动关节
  Immune response 免疫反应
  Immunity 免疫〔性〕
  Immunization programme 免疫计划
  Immunization 免疫接种作用﹔免疫法
  Implantation 植入
  Impulse 脉冲
  Incisor 门齿﹔切齿
  Inclusion 内含体
  Incomplete dominance 不完全显性
  Incubation period 潜伏期
  Incubator 恒温箱
  Incus 砧骨
  Indigestion 消化不良
  Individual 个体
  Infancy 婴儿期
  Infection 传染
  Infectious disease 传染病
  Inferior vena cava 下腔大静脉

Jar 瓶
  Jaw 颚
  Jejunum 空肠
  Joint capsule 关节囊
  Joint 关节
  Joule (J) 焦耳
  Jugular vein 颈静脉
  Kaposis sarcoma 卡波济肉瘤
  Karyotype 核型图
  Katabolism 分解代谢
  Keratin 角蛋白
  Key 检索表
  Kidney tubule 肾小管
  Kidney 肾〔脏〕
  Kilojoule (KJ) 千焦耳
  Kingdom 界
  Knee cap 膝盖
  Knee jerk reflex 膝跃反射
  Knee joint 膝关节
  Knee 膝
  Krause end bulb 球状终球
  Kwashiorkor 加西卡﹔蛋白缺乏病
  Kymograph 转筒记录器
  Label 标记﹔标签
  Labium 唇
  Labour 分娩
  Lachrymal duct 泪管
  Lachrymal gland 泪腺
  Lactase 乳糖
  Lactation 泌乳作用
  Lacteal 乳糜管
  Lactic acid 乳酸
  Lactobacillus acidophilus 嗜乳酸杆菌
  Lactose 乳糖
  Lancet 刺血针
  Large intestine 大肠
  Larva 幼虫
  Larynx 喉
  Leaching 淋溶
  Lead acetate paper 醋酸铅试纸
  Lecithin 卵磷脂
  Leech 蚂蟥
  Leguminous plant 豆科植物
  Lemur 狐猴
  Lens 晶〔状〕体
  Leprosy 麻疯
  Lesion 损害﹔病损
  Leucocyte 白细胞﹔白血球
  Leukaemia 白血病
  Level of organization 组织层次
  Librium 利眠宁
  Lice 虱
  Lichen 地衣
  Life cycle 生命史﹔生命周期
  Life history 生命史﹔生命周期
  Ligament 韧带
  Limb bone 肢骨
  Limb water 石灰水
  Limb 肢
  Linkage 连锁
  Lipase 脂〔肪〕
  Lipid 脂类
  Liver fluke 肝吸虫﹔肝蛭
  Liver 肝〔脏〕
  Liverwort 苔
  Living organism 生命有机体
  Living system 生命系统
  Lochia 产褥排泄﹔恶露
  Locus 位点
  Long bone 长骨
  Long sight 远视
  Longitudinal muscle 纵肌
  Longitudinal section 纵切面
  Loop of Henle 亨利氏套
  Low power objective 低倍〔接〕物镜
  Lower jaw 下颚
  Lower limb bone 下肢骨
  Lower limb 下肢
  LSD (lysergic acid diethylamine) 二乙麦角 胺
  Lumbar vertebra 腰椎
  Lumen 腔
  Lung 肺〔脏〕
  Luteinizing hormone (LH) 促黄体素
  Lymph capillary 淋巴微管
  Lymph circulation 淋巴循环
  Lymph duct 淋巴管
  Lymph flow 淋巴流
  Lymph gland 淋巴腺
  Lymph node 淋巴结
  Lymph vessel 淋巴管
  Lymph 淋巴
  Lymphatic system 淋巴系统
  Lymphatic valve 淋巴管瓣
  Lymphatic 淋巴的
  Lymphocyte 淋巴细胞﹔淋巴球
  Lymphoid tissue 淋巴组织
  Lysin 〔细胞〕溶素
  Lysozyme 溶菌
  “Llock and key” hypothesis 锁钥假说

Mac Conkey agar plate 麦康基氏琼脂平面
  Macrophage 巨噬细胞
  Maggot 蛆
  Malaria 疟疾
  Male 男性
  Malignant tumour 恶性肿瘤
  Malleus 锤骨
  Malnutrition 营养不良
  Malpighian corpuscle 马〔尔皮基〕氏球
  Malpighian layer 马〔尔皮基〕氏层
  Maltase 麦芽糖
  Maltose 麦芽糖
  Mammal 哺乳动物
  Mammary gland 乳腺
  Mania 躁狂
  Manometer 液体压强计
  Mantoux test 结核菌素皮内试验
  Marasmus 消瘦
  Marijuana 大麻
  Marrow (1) 髓﹐(2) 骨髓
  Maternal care 孕妇保健
  Matrix 基质
  Maturation 成熟
  Maturity (1) 成熟﹐(2) 成熟度
  Mayfly nymph 蜉蝣若虫
  Measles 麻疹
  Measuring cylinder 量筒
  Mechanism 机制﹔机理
  Medical ward 内科病房
  Medium (1) 培养基﹐(2) 介质
  Medulla oblongata 延脑﹔延髓
  Medulla 髓〔质〕
  Medullated nerve fibre 有髓鞘神经纤维
  Meiosis 减数分裂
  Meissner corpuscle 梅〔斯纳〕氏小体
  Melanin 黑色素
  Melanocyte 黑素细胞
  Membranous labyrinth 膜迷路
  Meninges 脑膜
  Meningitis 脑膜炎
  Meninx 脑膜
  Menopause 绝经
  Menstrual cycle 月经周期
  Menstruation, menses 月经
  Mental derangement 精神错乱
  Mental health 心理健康
  Mental illness 精神病
  Mental retardation 弱智
  Mercury poisoning 汞中毒
  Mercury 汞
  Mesenteric artery 肠系膜动脉
  Mesentery 肠系膜
  Messenger RNA 信使核糖核酸
  Metabolic activity 代谢活动
  Metabolic disorder 代谢失调
  Metabolism 代谢作用
  Metabolite 代谢物
  Metacarpal 掌骨
  Metaphosphoric acid 偏磷酸
  Metaphysis 干端
  Metatarsal 跖骨
  Methadone 美沙酮
  Methy-red 甲基红
  Methylene blue 亚甲蓝
  Microbe 微生物
  Microorganism 微生物
  Microprojector 显微投影器
  Microscope 显微镜
  Microvillus 微绒毛
  Micturition 排尿
  Midbrain 中脑
  Middle ear 中耳
  Midlife 中年期
  Milk dentition 乳齿〔齿〕系
  Milk teeth 乳齿
  Millipede 马陆﹔千足虫
  Minamata disease 水病
  Mineral 矿物质
  Mitochondrion 粒体
  Mitosis 有丝分裂
  Mitral valve 僧帽瓣
  Molar 臼齿
  Mongoloid 黄种﹔蒙古人种
  Monkey 猴
  Monoculture 单种裁培
  Monocyte 单核白〔血〕细胞﹔单核白血球
  Monoglyceride 甘油酯
  Monohybrid 单基因杂种
  Monoploid 单倍体
  Monosaccharide 单糖
  Monosodium glutamate 麦夫胺酸钠﹔谷氨酸钠
  Mood altering drug 改变情绪药物
  Morphine 吗啡
  Morphology 形态学
  Mortar and pestle 研钵及研杵
  Moss 藓
  Motor ability 动作能力
  Motor area 运动区
  Motor end plate 运动终板
  Motor nerve ending 运动神经末梢
  Motor nerve fibre 运动神经纤维
  Motor nerve 运动神经
  Motor neurone 运动神经元
  Mould 霉〔菌〕﹔霉〔菌〕
  Mounting needle 装片针
  Mouth cavity 口腔
  Movable joint 活动关节
  Movement 运动
  Mucosa 黏膜
  Mucothermic method 基〔层体〕温避孕法
  Mucous membrane 黏膜
  Mucus 黏液
  Multicellular 多细胞的
  Multiple allele 复等位基因
  Mumps 流行性腮腺炎
  Musclar layer 肌肉层
  Musclar system 肌肉系统
  Muscle bundle 肌束
  Muscle cell 肌细胞
  Muscle contraction<

 Quadrat 样方
  Quarantine 检疫﹔隔离
  Quinine 奎宁﹔金 纳碱
  Rabies 狂犬病
  Radial artery 桡骨动脉
  Radial muscle 放射肌
  Radiotherapy 放射疗法
  Radius 桡骨
  Rapid sand filter (pressure filter) 速沙滤
  Rashes 疹
  Reabsorption 重吸收作用
  Receptor 感受器
  Recessive 隐性
  Recombination 重组
  Rectum 直肠
  Rectus muscle 〔眼〕直肌
  Recycling 再循环
  Red blood cell 红〔血〕细胞﹔红血球
  Red blood corpuscle 红血球﹔红〔血〕细胞
  Red bone marrow 红骨髓
  Red Cross 红十字会
  Red-green colour-blindness 红绿色盲
  Reducing agent 还原剂
  Reducing sugar 还原糖
  Reduction division 减数分裂
  Reflex action 反射动作
  Reflex arc 反射弧
  Reflex center 反射中枢
  Reflex 反射〔作用〕
  Relaxant 弛缓药
  Relay neurone 联络神经元
  Remineralization 补充矿质
  Renal artery 肾动脉
  Renal corpuscle 肾小体
  Renal tubule 肾小管
  Renal vein 肾静脉
  Renewable resource 可再生资源
  Rennin 凝乳
  Repiration 呼吸作用
  Replication 复制
  Reproduction 生殖作用
  Reproductive organ 生殖器官
  Reproductive system 生殖系统
  Reptile 爬行动物
  Residual air 余气
  Residual volume 余气量
  Resistant strain 耐药菌株
  Respiratory center 呼吸中枢
  Respiratory system 呼吸系统
  Respiratory tract 呼吸道
  Response 反应
  Resuscitation 复苏
  Retina 视网膜
  Retinol 视黄醇
  Rheumatism 风湿病
  Rhizobium leguminosarum 豆科根瘤菌
  Rhizopus 根霉
  Rhodopsin 视紫〔红质〕
  Rhythm method 安全期避孕法
  Rib cage 肋骨篮
  Rib 肋骨
  Riboflavin (vitamin B2) 核黄素
  Ribonucleic acid (RNA) 核糖核酸
  Ribose 核糖
  Ribosome 核糖体
  Rickets 佝偻病
  Ringer's solution 林格氏溶液
  Ringworm 环癣
  Rod cell 视杆细胞
  Rodents 啮齿类
  Root nodule bacteria 根瘤菌
  Root nodule 根瘤
  Root, tooth 齿根
  Roughage 粗糙食物
  Round window 正圆窗
  Round worm 虫
  Rubella (German Measles) 〔病毒性〕风疹﹔德国麻疹
  Ruffini corpuscle 鲁〔斐尼〕氏小体

 Sacculus 球〔状〕囊
  Sacral vertebra 荐椎
  Sacrum 荐骨
  Safe period 安全期
  Salicylate 水杨酸盐
  Saline 盐水
  Saliva 唾液
  Salivary amylase 唾液淀粉
  Salivary duct 唾管
  Salivary gland 唾腺
  Salivation 流涎
  Salmonella typhi 伤寒杆菌
  Salmonella 沙门氏菌属
  Salmonellosis 沙门菌病
  Sample 样本
  Sampling 抽样
  Saprobiont 腐生〔生〕物
  Saprophyte 腐生植物
  Saprophytism 腐生〔现象〕
  Saprotroph 腐生生物
  Savanna 〔热带〕稀树干草原
  Scale 鳞〔片〕
  Scalpel 解剖刀
  Scapula 肩胛骨
  Scarlet fever 猩红热
  Scavenger cell 清除细胞
  Scavenger 食腐动物
  Schizongony 分裂生殖
  Schizophrenia 精神分裂症
  Schwann cell 雪旺氏细胞﹔神经鞘细胞
  Sclera 巩膜
  Sclerotic coat 巩膜
  Scolex 头节
  Screening 筛选
  Scrotal sac 阴囊
  Scrotum 阴囊
  Scurvy 坏血病
  Sea anemone 海葵
  Seashore habitat 海滨生境
  Sebaceous gland 皮脂腺
  Sebum 皮脂
  Second order consumer 二次消费者
  Secondary consumer 次级消费者
  Secondary host 第二寄主
  Secondary sexual character 第二性征
  Secretin 分泌素﹔肠促胰液素
  Secretion (1)分泌作用﹐(2)分泌物
  Section lifter 移片器
  Section 切片
  Sectioning 切片法
  Sedative 镇静剂
  Sedimentation tank 沉降池
  Sedimentation 沉降
  Seeker 探针
  Segment 体节﹔环节
  Segregation 分离
  Selective permeability 选透性
  Selectively permeable membrane 选透性膜
  Semen 精液
  Semicircular canal 半规管
  Semilunar valve 半月瓣
  Seminal fluid 精液
  Seminal vesicle 贮精囊
  Seminiferous tubule 精小管
  Senescence 衰老
  Sensation 感觉
  Sense organ 感觉器官
  Sensitivity 感应性﹔敏感性
  Sensory area 感觉区
  Sensory cell 感觉细胞
  Sensory fibre 感觉纤维
  Sensory hair cell 感觉毛细胞
  Sensory nerve ending 感觉神经末鞘
  Sensory nerve fibre 感觉神经纤维
  Sensory neurone 感觉神经元
  Septum 隔
  Serum 血清
  Sewage 污水
  Sex cell 性细胞
  Sex chromosome 性染色体
  Sex determination 性别决定
  Sex hormone 性激素
  Sex linkage 性连锁
  Sex organ 性器官
  Sex-linked character 性连性状
  Sex-linked inheritance 性连遗传
  Sexual maturity 性成熟
  Sexual reproduction 有性生殖
  Sexually transmitted disease (STD) 性传染疾病
  Shank 胫﹔小腿
  Shock 休克
  Short sight 近视
  Shoulder blade 肩胛骨
  Shoulder girdle 肩带
  Shrink 萎缩
  Shrub 灌木
  Side effect 副作用
  Sight 视觉
  Silicosis 硅肺﹔石末沉着病
  Sino-atrial node 窦房结
  Sinus 窦
  Skeletal muscle 骨骼肌
  Skeletal system 骨骼系统
  Skeleton 骨骼
  Skin 皮肤
  Skull 颅骨﹔头颅
  Slide 玻片
  Sling 悬带
  Slow sand filter 慢沙滤
  Sludge digester 污(淤)泥消解器
  Sludge 污(淤)泥
  Slug 蛞蝓
  Small intestine 小肠
  Smallpox 天花
  Smell receptor 嗅觉感受器
  Smell 嗅觉
  Smog 毒雾﹔ 雾
  Smooth muscle 平滑肌
  Snail 蜗牛
  Sneezing 喷嚏
  Social disease 社会性疾病
  Socialization 社会化
  Socket 槽

 Taenia solium 猪虫
  Tamarin 金丝猴
  Tapeworm 绦虫
  Tar 焦油
  Target organ 目标器官
  Tarsal 跗骨
  Tarsier 狨
  Tartar 牙垢﹔牙石
  Taste bud 味蕾
  Taste receptor 味觉感受器
  Taste 味觉
  Taxonomy 分类〔学〕
  Tear duct 泪管
  Tear gland 泪腺
  Tear 眼泪
  Teat pipette 药泵
  Temperate diciduous forest 温带落叶林
  Temperateinversio 温度逆增现象
  Temporary slide 临时装片
  Tendon 腱
  Termite 白蚁
  Tertiary consumer 三级消费者
  Test tube holder 试管夹
  Test tube rack 试管架
  Test tube 试管
  Testis 睪丸
  Testosterone 睪〔固〕酮
  Tetanus 破伤风
  Tetracycline 四环素
  Thalamus 丘脑
  Thermometer 温度计
  Thiamine 硫胺素
  Thickener 增稠剂
  Thigh bone 大腿骨
  Thigh 大腿
  Thiobacillus 硫杆菌属
  Third order consumer 三级消费者
  Thoracic (lymph) duct 胸管
  Thoracic cavity 胸腔
  Thoracic vertebra 胸椎
  Thorax 胸
  Threadworm 虫﹔蛲虫
  Thrombin 凝血
  Thrombinogen 凝血 原
  Thrombocyte 血小板
  Thrombokinase 凝血〔 〕致活
  Thromboplastin 促凝血 原激
  Thrombosis 血栓形成
  Thrombus 血栓
  Thumb 拇指
  Thymine
  Thymus gland 胸腺
  Thyroid gland 甲状腺
  Thyroid hormone 促甲状腺激素
  Thyroid stimulating hormone 促甲状腺激素
  Thyrotropin 促甲状腺激素
  Thyroxine 甲状腺素
  Tibia 胫骨
  Tick 蜱
  Tidal air 潮气
  Tidal volume 潮气量
  Tissue fluid 组织液
  Tissue respiration 组织呼吸
  Tissue 组织
  Tocopherol (vitamin E) 生育
  Toe 趾
  Tongue rolling 卷舌
  Tongue 舌
  Tonsilitis 扁桃体炎
  Tooth decay 蛀牙
  Tooth 牙齿
  Top shell 马 螺
  Touch receptor 触觉感受器
  Toxin 毒素
  Toxoid 类毒素
  Trachea 气管
  Trait 特征
  Tranqilliser 镇定剂
  Trans cription 转录作用
  Transect 样条
  Transfusion 输血
  Translation 转译作用
  Transmitter 传导物质﹔传递介质
  Transverse process 横突
  Transverse section 横切面
  Trauma 创伤﹔外伤
  Tree 乔木
  Treponoma palladium 苍白密螺旋体
  Triceps 三头肌
  Trichomonas vaginalis 阴道毛滴虫
  Trichomoniasis 〔毛〕滴虫病
  Trichophyton 发癣菌
  Tricuspid valve 三尖瓣
  Triglyceride 甘油三酯
  Tripod 三脚架
  Trophic level 食性层次
  Tropical rain forest 热带雨林
  True rib 真肋
  Trunk 躯干
  Trunk 躯干
  Trypsin 胰蛋白
  Trypsinogen 胰蛋白 原
  Tubal ligation 输卵管结
  Tubercle 结核
  Tuberculosis 结核〔病〕
  Tumeric paper 郁金试纸
  Tumour 肿瘤
  Tundra 冻原
  Twins, fraternal 异卵双胎﹔异卵孪生
  Twins, identical 同卵双胎﹔同卵孪生
  Tympanum, tympanic membrane 鼓膜
  Typhoid 伤寒
  Typhus 斑疹伤寒
  Ulcer 溃疡
  Ulna 尺骨
  Ultrafiltration 超滤作用
  Umbilical artery 脐动脉
  Umbilical cord 脐带
  Umbilical vein 脐静脉
  Umbilicus 脐
  Undernutrition 营养不足
  Unicellular 单细胞的
  Universal donor 全适供血者
  Universal recipient 全适受血者
  Upper arm 上臂
  Upper jaw 上颚
  Upper limb 上肢
  Urea 尿素

Vaccination 接种
  Vaccine 疫苗
  Vaccinia virus 牛痘病毒
  Vaccuum drying 真空干燥
  Vacuole 液泡
  Vagina 阴道
  Vaginitis 阴道炎
  Valium 安定
  Valve 瓣膜
  Variation 变异
  Varicose vein 静脉曲张
  Vas deferens 输精管
  Vasectomy 输精管切除术
  Vasoconstriction 血管收缩
  Vasodilation 血管舒张
  Vector of infection 传染媒介
  Vegetarian diet 素食
  Vegetation 植被
  Vein 静脉
  Vena cava 腔静脉
  Venereal disease 性病
  Venous flow 静脉流
  Venous system 静脉系统
  Ventilation 换气
  Ventral root 腹根
  Ventricle (1)室﹐(2)心室
  Ventricular systole
  Venule 小静脉
  Vertebra 椎骨
  Vertebral column 柱
  Vertebrate 椎动物
  Vertical section 纵切面
  Vestibule 前庭
  Vial 指管
  Vibrio cholerae 霍乱弧菌
  Vibrio 弧菌
  Villus 绒毛
  Virus 病毒
  Viscera 内脏
  Vision 视觉
  Visual purple 视紫〔红质〕
  Vital capacity 肺活量
  Vitamin 维生素
  Vitreous humour 玻璃状液
  Vocal cord 声带
  Volatile chemical 挥发性化学物
  Voluntary action 随意动作
  Voluntary muscle 随意肌
  Vomiting 呕吐
  Vulva (1)阴门﹐(2)外阴
  Waste 废物
  Watch glass 表面玻璃
  Water balance 水分平衡
  Water bath 水浴
  Water beetle 龙虱
  Water boatman 划
  Water cycle 水循环
  Water flea 水蚤
  Water mite 水
  Water pollution 水污染
  Water potential 水潜能﹔水势
  Water purification 净化作用
  Water sac 水囊
  Water table 地下水层﹔潜水面
  Weathering 风化〔作用〕
  Whelk 螺
  White blood cell 白〔血〕细胞﹔白血球
  White blood corpuscle 白血球﹔白〔血〕细胞
  White matter 白质
  Whooping cough 百日咳
  Wildlife 野生生物
  Windpipe 气管
  Wire gauze 铁丝网
  Withrawal symptom 戒断症状﹔脱瘾症状
  Womb 子宫
  World Health Organization (WHO) 世界卫生组织
  Wrist 腕
  Wrist bone 腕骨
  X-ray Unit X射线单位
  Xerophthalmia 干眼病
  Yeast 酵母菌
  Yellow bone marrow 黄骨髓
  Yellow fever 黄热病
  Yellow spot 黄点
  Yolk 卵黄
  Zona pellucida 明带
  Zooplankton 浮游动物
  Zygapophysis 关节突
  Zygote 合子


医学专业英语词汇往往都比较长,这心然会给广大医务工作者记忆单词带来极大的困难。那么,如何克服困难,从而达到快速记忆的目的呢?本章通过列举大量常驻用医学词汇的分解式实例,来充分说词根在快速记忆单词时所起的重要作用。学习才应该熟记它们的拼法和含义,除此之外,再熟练掌握一些常用的前缀和后缀,可以断定,拼写笛长的单词也全变得容易记忆了。

  循环系统词汇

  【A】

  Ⅰ,a-一个
  aneurism动脉瘤(一个扩大的动脉状态)
  a + neur + ism
  ∣  ∣  ∣
  一个 扩大 状态

  Ⅱ,an-无
  anoxemia缺氧血症
  an + ox + emia
  ∣   ∣  ∣
  无  氧  血症

  Ⅲ,angei-,angi-,angio- 血管
  1,angeitis脉管炎 7,angiochondroma血管软骨瘤
  angei + itis angio+chondr+oma
  ∣    ∣  ︱  ︱  ︱
  血管  炎 血管 软骨  瘤
  (angei-中的i被去掉了)

  2,angiectasis血管扩张 8,angiodermatitis皮血管炎
  angi + ectasis angio+dermat+itis
  ∣    ∣   ︱   ︱ ︱
  血管 扩张  血管   皮 炎

  3,angitis脉管炎 9,angiolipoma血管脂肪瘤
  ang + itis angio+lip+oma
  ∣   ∣  ︱  ︱ ︱
  脉管 炎 血管 脂肪 瘤
  (angi-不的I被去掉了)

  4,angioblast成血管细胞 10,angioneuromyoma血管神经肌瘤
  angio + blast angio+neuro+my+oma
  ∣    ∣   ︱  ︱  ︱ ︱
  血管 成…细胞 血管 神经 肌 瘤

  5,angiocardiography心血管造影术 11,angioparalysis血管麻痹病
  angi + cardio + graphy angio+paraly+sis
  ∣    ∣    ∣   ︱  ︱  ︱
  血管  心脏 照相术 血管 麻痹 病

  6,angiocardiopathy心血管病
  angio+cardio+pathy
  ︱   ︱   ︱
  血管  心   病

  Ⅳ,arter-,arteri-,arteria-,arterio-动脉
  1,artery动脉
  arte + ry
  ︱  ︱ 
  动脉 n.suf(名词后缀)
  (arter-中的r被去掉了)

  2,arterial动脉的
  arteri + al
  ︱   ︱ 
  动脉 a.suf
  (…的)(形容词后缀)

  3,arteriarctia 动脉缩窄
  arteri + arct + ia
  ︱   ︱  ︱ 
  动脉 缩窄  病

  4,arteriectasia 动脉扩张
  arteri + ectas + ia
  ︱   ︱   ︱ 
  动脉 扩张  病 

  5,arteriectomy 动脉切除术
  arteri + ectomy
  ︱    ︱ 
  动脉  切除术 

  7,angiochondroma血管软骨瘤
  angio+chondr+oma
   ︱  ︱  ︱
   血管 软骨  瘤
  (angei-中的i被去掉了)

  8,angiodermatitis皮血管炎
  angio+dermat+itis
  ︱   ︱  ︱
  血管  皮  炎

  9,angiolipoma血管脂肪瘤
  angio+lip+oma
  ︱  ︱ ︱
  血管 脂肪 瘤
  (angi-不的I被去掉了)

  10,angioneuromyoma血管神经肌瘤
  angio+neuro+my+oma
  ︱   ︱  ︱ ︱
  血管 神经 肌 瘤

  11,angioparalysis血管麻痹病
  angio+paraly+sis
   ︱  ︱ ︱
  血管 麻痹 病

  Ⅴ,asthma-气喘
  1,asthma气喘
  2,asthmatic气喘的
  asthmat+ic
  ︱   ︱
  气喘 a.suf(…的)

  Ⅵ,ather-athero-粥样的
  1,atheroma 粥样(粉)瘤
  ather + oma
  ︱   ︱ 
  粥样(粉)瘤

  2,atherogenesis 粥样硬化形成
  athero + gene + sis
  ︱    ︱ ︱ 
  粥样 产生 病(指硬化)

  3,atherogenic 致粥样硬化的
  athero + gen + ic
  ︱   ︱  ︱ 
  粥样 致 a.suf(…的)

  4,atheromatosis 粥样硬化病
  athero+matosis
  ︱    ︱
  粥样   病

  5,atheronecrosis 粥样坏死
  athero+necro+sis
  ︱  ︱   ︱
  粥样 坏死  病

  6,atherosclerosis 动脉粥样硬化
  athero + sclero + sis
  ︱   ︱   ︱
  粥样  硬化  病

  7,atherosis 粥样硬化
  athero + sis
  ︱   ︱
  粥样  病

  
  Ⅶ,atri- atrio- 心房
  1,atrial 心房的 5,atriotome 心房切开刀
  atri + al atrio + tome
  ︱  ︱ ︱  ︱
  心房 a.suf 心房 (切开)刀

  2,atrium 心房 6,atriotomy 心房切开术
  atri + um atri + otomy
  ︱  ︱ ︱   ︱
  心房 n.suf 心房 切开术

  3,atriocarotid (心)房颈动脉的 7,atrioventricular 房室的
  atrio + carotid atrio + ventricul + ar
  ︱   ︱  ︱    ︱  ︱
  心房 颈动脉的 心房 室 a.suf(与…有关的)

  4,atrioseptopecy 房间隔修补术
  atrio + septo + pexy
  ︱   ︱   ︱
  心房  间隔  修补术

  【B】
  Ⅰ,bi-
  1,bicuspid 二尖瓣,二尖瓣的 2,bigemina 二联脉
  bi+cuspid bi + gemin + a
  ︱ ︱  ︱  ︱  ︱
  二 尖(瓣) 二 成对 n.suf

  Ⅱ,brady- 徐缓、迟缓
  1,bradycardia 心动过缓 3,bradydiastole 心舒张期延长
  brady + cardia brady+diastole
  ︱    ︱  ︱   ︱
  过缓 心(动) 延长  舒张期

  2,bradycrotic 脉搏徐缓的
  brady+crotic
  ︱   ︱
  徐缓 脉搏的

  【C】

  Ⅰ,capil-, capillar-, capillar-, capillari-, capillaro- 毛细(血管)
  1,capillary 毛细血管的 5,capillariomotor 毛细血管运动
  capill + ary capillario+motor
  ︱   ︱  ︱  ︱
  毛细血管 a.suf(与…有关的) 毛细血管 运动

  2,capillarectasis 毛细血管扩张 6,capillarioscopy 毛细显微镜检
  capillar + ectasis capillario+scopy
  ︱     ︱  ︱  ︱
  毛细血管 扩张 毛细 镜检查

  3,capillaritis 毛细管炎 7,capillaropathy 毛细管病
  capillar+itis capillaro+pathy
  ︱   ︱  ︱   ︱
  毛细  炎 毛细管 病

  4,capillarity 毛细现象或作用
  capillari + ty
  ︱   ︱
  毛细 n.suf(表特性)

  Ⅱ,cardia-, cardio- 心
  1,cardiac 心的 7,cardiant 心兴奋剂
  cardi + ac cardi + ant
  ︱   ︱ ︱  ︱
  心 a.suf( …的) 心 药剂(医学上)
  (cardia-中的a被省略)

  2,cardialgia 心痛,胃灼痛 8,cardiasthma 心性喘息
  cardi + algia cardi + asthma
  ︱   ︱ ︱   ︱
  心,胃 痛 心   喘息

  3,cardiamorphia 心畸形 9,cardiovascular 心血管的
  cardia + morphia cardio + vascul + ar
  ︱     ︱  ︱  ︱  ︱
  心    形态病 心  血管 a.suf

  4,carditis 心炎 10,cardiophonography 心音图
  card + it is cardio+phono+graphy
  ︱   ︱   ︱   ︱  ︱
  心   炎    心  血管 a.suf

  5,cardiogenic 心原性的 11,cardiopulmonary 心肺的
  cardio + gen + ic cardio+pulmon+ary
  ︱    ︱  ︱  ︱   ︱  ︱
  心    原  a.suf心   肺 a.suf

  6,cardiomegaly 心肥大
  cardio+megaly
  ︱    ︱
  心   肥大

  Ⅲ,catherter 导管
  catheterization 导管插入
  catheter+iz+ation
  ︱   ︱  ︱
  导管  化 n.suf

  Ⅳ,circula- 循环
  circulation 循环
  circula + tion
  ︱     ︱
  循环 n.suf(表抽象含义)

  Ⅴ,coron- 冠状
  coronary 冠状的
  coron + ary
  ︱   ︱
  冠状  a.suf

  Ⅵ,cyan-, cyano-, cyanot-, 青紫、绀、蓝、氰
  1, cyanamide氰酰胺 3, cyanotic青紫的,紫绀的
  cyan + amide cyanot + ic
  ∣    ∣   ∣   ∣
  氰   酰胺 青紫 a.suf(…的,属…的)

  2, cyanosis紫绀
  cyano + sis
  ∣    ∣
  绀   病态

  后缀在缀合法中只起改变词性的作用,不改变词根的含意。现将常用后缀分一般英语后缀及医学英语后缀两部分来说明。因词性不同、后缀可分为名词性、形容词等。

  一、名词性后缀

  1、-age为抽象名词后缀,表示行为,状态和全体总称,percentage百分数,百分率,voltage电压,伏特数,lavage灌洗,洗,出法,gavage管词法,curettage刮除法,shortage不足,缺少。

  2、-cy表示抽象名词,accuracy准确,精确度,infancy婴儿期。

  3、-ence、-ance表示性质和动作,difference不同,interference干扰,干预,influence影响,感化,occurrence发出,出现,violence激烈,暴力,existence存在,significance意义,意味。

  4、-ency、-ancy抽象名词后缀,difficiency不足,不全,tendency趋势,趋向,frequency频率,pregnancy妊娠,emergency紧急,急救,fluency流利,流畅,sufficiency足够,充足,constancy坚定,经久不变。

  5、-er表示……人、……者,diameter直径,receiver接收者,接受者,carrier携带者,beginner初学者,创始人,reader读者,shutter 快门,goiter甲状腺肿。

  6、-ics 表示……科学,psdiatrics儿科学,psychiatrics精神病学,obstetrics产科学,orthopdics矫形科学,auristrics耳科学,gnathostomatics口腔生理学,andriatrics男性医学,男性科。

  7、-ian表示人称名词,physician医师,内科医师,technician技术员。

  8、-ication由动词变化而来的抽象名词,常译为……化,simpliffcation简化,calcification钙化,classification分类,分级,communication交流,交往。

  9、-ing由动词变化而来的动名词,nursing护理,typing分型,分类,mapping绘制……图,bleeding出血,vomiting呕吐,softening变软,functioning使器官活动,使器官有功能,positioning把……放在适当的位置,mathching和……相配,imaging成像。

  10、-ion由动词构成的名词,occasion偶然原因,近因,时机,division分割,分开,vision视力,视觉,distortion扭曲,变形。

  11、-ism表示制度,主义及现象等的抽象名词,mehanism机理,机制,autism孤独性。

  12、-ist表示人称名词,specialist专家,internist内科医生,padiatrist儿科学家,biololgist生物学家,economist经济学家,chemist化学家,obstetrist产科学家,产科医师。

  13、-ization由动词构成的抽象名词,recanalization再管化,再通化,chatheterization插管,immunization免疫法,预防接种,organization组织,机构,机化,hospitalization住院,normalization正常化,ketonization酮化作用。

  14、-logy表示学科,morphology形态学,histology组织学,neurology神经学,embryology胚胎学,radiology放射学,laryngorhinology喉鼻科学,proctology直肠学,hexiology个体,生态学。

  15、-ment表示动作,行为或具体事物,measurement测量,量度,experiment实验,instrument仪器,器械,integument体被,皮肤,segment节段,fragment片段,断片,碎片,replacement替代,置换,increment增长,增殖,development发育,显影,movement动作,活动,ligment韧带,equipment器材,装置,设备,improvement改善。

  16、-ness加在形容词后构成抽象名词,tenderness触痛,hardness坚硬,thickness厚度,effectiveness有效,usefulness有用的,coldness寒冷,dampness潮湿,darkness黑暗,shallowness浅,permanentness永久,brightness明亮。

  17、-or表示……人,……物,inhibitor抑制物,doctor医生,monitor监视器,donor给血者,供体,director主任,factor因素,operatorx作者,手术者。

  18、-ry表示集合名词,laboratory实验室,chemistry化学。

  19、-ship表示状态,relationship关系,联系,interrelationship相互关系,相互联系。

  20、-th由形容词构成名词,length长度,width宽度,depth深度,truth真理。

  21、-ty表示性质,rigidity强直,僵硬,speciality特征,专业,responsibility责任,责任心,capacity容量,智能,能力,mortality死亡率,morbidity发病率,nocturnality夜间,safty安全性,conductivty传导性,permeability渗透性,property性质,plenty丰富,unity整体,统一性,obesity肥胖,similarity类似,相似。

  22、-ure表示行为结果,failure衰竭,pressure压力,curvature弯曲,fissure裂隙,裂,puncture穿刺,rupture破裂,structure结构,seizure发作,nomenclature名称, 术语 .

  二、形容词性后缀

  1、-able表示可能的,可以的,excitable易兴备的,acceptable易接受的,movable可移动的,alterable可改变的,可改动的,available可用的,可得到的,uncomfortable不舒的。

  2、-al表示有……的属性,regional 局部的natural自然的,special特别的,特殊的,spinal脊髓的,central中央的,vertrbral脊柱的,cervical颈的,mural壁的,terminal末端的,typical典型的,digital手指的,数字的,temperal暂时的,短暂的,capital首要的,重要的,vocal有声的,声带的,several几个,parasternal胸骨旁的。

  3、-ant有些是从动词派生来的,significant在意义的,persistant持久的,坚持的(从动词persist来的),resistant抵抗的,反抗的(自动词resist派生),important重要的,infant婴儿的,constant坚定的,持久的,pernanent永久的。

  4、-ar表示……特征的,……形状的,regular规则的,muscular肌肉的,circular环形的,圆的,anular环的。

  5、-ary表示与……有关的,ordinary平常的,通常的,anniversary周年的,voluntary自愿的,随意的。

  6、-ed用于名词加ed,转化为形容词,或动词过去分词作形容词,Coded加密码的(名词code加ed),colored加颜色的,deposited被沉淀的(由动词deposite加ed),curved使……弯曲的,limited有限的,lubricated滑润的,使滑润的,surrounded围住的,被围绕的。

  7、-ent与-ant同类,consistent坚定的,different不同的,sufficient足够的,convenient便利的,方便的,evident明显的,fluent流利的,流畅的,efficient有效的,frequent常常的,频繁的。

  8、-ful由名词构成形容词,useful有用的,successful成功的,plentiful丰富的,helpful有帮助的。

  9、-ible与-able相同,Visible可见的,irreversible不可逆的,impossible不可能的,inaudible听不见的。

  10、-ic加在外来词根的名词上,构成形容词,specific特异的,magnetic磁性的,aerobic需氧的,pubic耻骨的,oxytocic催产的、催产剂,therapeutic治疗的,dramatic戏剧性的,icteric黄疸的,dynamic动力的,hemolytic溶血的。

  11、-ish加在颜色的形容词上,表示略带……色,reddish带红色的,微红的,yellowish带黄色的,微黄的。

  12、-ive由动词构成形容词,relative有关的,相关的(由动词relat派生的),sensitive灵敏的,congestive充血性的,imaginative想象、富有想象力的,imitative摹仿的,repetitive重复的,reproductive生殖的,contractive收缩的,conservative保守的,circulative循环的,effective有效的,invasive侵入性的。

  13、-less表示没有……的,useless无用的,lifeless无生命的,hopeless绝望的、医治不好的,fruitless无效的、无益的。

  14、-ory表示……性质的,属于……的,sensory感觉的,accessory附属的、附加的,circulatory循环的,urinary泌尿的,尿的。

  15、-ous表示具有……的、有……特性的,dangerous有危险的,continuous在连续性的、连续的,serious严重的,various各种的,vigorous强有力的,apueous水的,generous大量的,丰盛的,tremendous可怕的,惊人的,previous以前的,pervious能通过的、能穿过的。

  三、动词性后缀

  1、-ate多用于外来词构成动词,deviate背离、偏离,decelerate减速,accelerate加速,degenerate变性,operate操作,手术,defibrillate除颤,vibrate振动、颤动,migrate移动,angulate成角,anticipate预期、期望,abbreviate缩写,antecede在……之前。

  2、-en形容词构成动词,表示变、加、使……,weaken变弱、变衰弱,soften使……软化,thicken使……变厚,strenghten加强,shorten使……变短,wooden木制的,deepen加深、深化,harden使……变硬,lengthen使……延长,loosen放松、解开,quicken加快、刺激,roughen变粗糙,lighten减轻,sharpen变尖锐。

  3、-ize加在形容词或名词上,表示……化,neutralize中和,standardize标准化,mineralize矿物质化,repolarize复极化,depolarize去极化,sensitize致敏,metastasize转移。

  四、副词性后缀

  1、-ly由形容构成的副词,最为常用,表示……地,simaltaneously同时地,concurrently同时地,widely广泛地,excrusively专用地、唯一地,scarcely仅仅、刚刚,immediately立即。

  2、-ward(s)加在前置词上,构成副词,表示方向,backward(s)向后,upward(s)向上。

 A

  Abdominal flatulence 中满

  Abdominal fullness and distention 腕痛胀满

  Abdominal retention 鼓胀

  Accompanied Symptoms 兼证

  Activating blood and dissolving stasis 活血化瘀

  Acuesthesia 得气

  Acupuncture points 腧穴

  Acupuncture therapies 针刺疗法

  Adjuvant drugs 佐药

  Afternoon fever 日哺发热

  Alternate chills and fever 寒热往来

  Anorexia 食欲不振

  Aphtha 口疮

  Apoplexy 中风

  Ashi point 阿是穴

  Associate drugs 臣药

  Association of combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine 中西医结合研究会

  Association of traditional Chinese medicine 中医学会

  Asthenic cardioyang 心阳虚

  Asthenic cardioyin 心阴虚

  Asthma 哮证

  Otopuncture therapy 耳针疗法

  Auscultation-olfaction 闻诊

  Aversion to wind and cold 畏恶风寒

  B

  Basis of theory of traditional Chinese medicine 中医理论基础

  Belching 嗳气

  Blood deficiency 血虚

  Blood heat 血热

  Body fluid 津液

  C

  Calming liver wind 平肝熄风

  Canthus 目眦

  Carbuncle 痈

  Cathartic method 攻里法

  Cardiac and renal coordination 心肾相交

  Cardiac-splenic asthenia 心脾两虚

  Chest pain 胸痛

  Chest stuffiness 胸闷

  Chi pulse 尺脉

  Chinese materia medica and prescriptions 中药与方剂

  Chinese medical 中国医学史

  Chinese medicine anesthesia 中药麻醉

  Chinese patent drugs 中成药

  Clear abundant urine 小便清长

  Clearing damp 利水渗湿

  Clearing heat and expectoration 清热化痰

  Clearing wind-damp 祛风胜湿

  Clearing Ying heat and cooling blood 清营凉血

  Coating color 苔色

  Cold hands and feet 手足厥冷

  Cold-heat mixing 寒热交错

  Cold limbs 手足厥冷

  Cold stroke 中寒

  Coma 神昏

  Compendium of Materia Medica 本草纲目

  Complications 并病

  Constipation 大便不通

  Consumptive disease 虚劳

  Contrary treatment 反治

  D

  Defensive Qi instability 卫气不固

  Deficiency-excess mixing 虚实夹杂

  Delirium 谵语

  Diagnostic methods of traditional Chinese medicine 中医诊法

  Diaphoresis 汗法

  Diaphoresis, pungent cold 辛凉解表

  Diaphoresis, pungent warm 辛温解表

  Diarrhea 泄泻

  Different treatments for the same disease 同病异治

  Differentiation, eight principles 八纲辨证

  Differentiation of diseases 辨病

  Differentiation of symptoms and signs 辨证

  Differentiation, six meridians 六经辨证

  Differentiation, triple energizer 三焦辨证

  Differentiation, Wei-Qi-Ying-Xue 卫气营血辨证

  Differentiation, Zang-Fu 脏腑辨证

  Diphtheria 白喉

  Diseases of Qi-blood-fluid 气血津液病症

  Dispersing cold and freeing Bi 散寒通痹

  Doctrines of various historical schools 中医各家学说

  Dry heat 燥热

  Dry stool 大便干结

  Dysentery 痢疾

  Dyspepsia 食滞

  Dysphagia 噎膈

  Dyspnea 喘证

  Dysuria 癃闭

  E

  Edema 水肿

  Eight principles 八纲

  Electuary 冲服剂

  Elimination 消法

  Emesis 吐法

  Endogenous hygrosyndrome 内湿

  Endogenous cold 内寒

  Endogenous dryness 内燥

  Epilepsy 痫证

  Epitaxis 鼻衄

  Eruption 斑疹

  Etiology 病因

  Exterior syndrome 表证

  Exterior sthenia 表实

  Exterior asthenia 表虚

  Extremely cold limbs 手足厥逆

  F

  Facial distortion 口眼歪斜

  Feeling 按诊

  Fluid deficiency 津液不足

  Frequent micturition 小便频数

  Frequent vomiting 反胃

  G

  Gastric asthenia 胃虚

  Gastric cavity 胃脘

  Gastro-Qi 胃气

  Generation-inhibition in five elements 五行相克

  Gingiva 牙龈

  Greyish fur 灰苔

 H

  Harmonizing liver-spleen 调和肝脾

  Heart fire hyperactivity 心火亢盛

  Heart-kidney Yang deficiency 心肾阳虚

  Heart Yang hypoactivity 心阳不振

  Healthy Qi 正气

  Hectic fever 潮热

  Hemorrhage Zheng 血证

  I

  Insomnia 失眠

  Inspection 望诊

  Intergeneration 相生

  Inter-restriction 相克

  Inter-subjuation 相乘

  Irregular pulse 结代脉

  K

  Kidney Yang deficiency 肾阳虚

  Kidney Yin deficiency 肾阴虚

  L

  Large intestine damp-heat 大肠湿热

  Large pulse 大脉

  Leukorrhea 白带

  Liver fire flaming 肝火上炎

  Liver-stomach disharmony 肝胃不和

  Liver wind agitation 肝风内动

  Liver Yang rising 肝阳上亢

  Liver Yin deficiency 肝阴虚

  Long pulse 长脉

  Longer menstrual interval 月经后期

  Loose stool 便溏

  Lung heart 肺热

  Lung Qi deficiency 肺气虚

  Lung Qi impairment 肺气失宣

  M

  Measles 麻疹

  Menstrual irregularities 月经失调

  Merdian-collateral theory 经络学说

  Meridial distribution 归经

  Mutual promotion 相须

  N

  Night sweat 盗汗

  Nine orifices 九窍

  Normal pulse 平脉

  Nourishing blood and liver 养血柔肝

  P

  Pale tongue 淡白舌

  Palpation 切诊

  Palpitation 心悸

  Pathogenesis 病机

  Peeled coating 剥脱苔

  Pestilence 疫疠

  Pharynx neurosis 梅核气

  Phlegm-damp obstructing lung 痰湿阻肺

  Pill 丸

  Pores 玄府

  Principal and subordinate 标本

  Pulse condition 脉象

  Pulse-taking 脉诊

  Purgation-tonifying 攻补兼施

  Q

  Qi-blood and fluid 气血津液

  Qi deficiency 气虚

  Qi depression 气滞

  Qi function 气机

  R

  Rapid pulse 数脉

  Relaxing bowels 润肠通便

  Removing stasis to promote blood circulation 化瘀行血

  Resolving damp, aromatic 芳香化湿

  Resuscitation 开窍

  Retch 干呕

  Reverse restriction 相侮

  S

  School in favour of the doctrine of warm diseases 温病学派

  School of febrile diseases by cold injury 伤寒学派

  Scrofula 瘰疬

  Sighing 太息

  Smallpox 天花

  Somnolence 多寐

  Sore 疮

  Spleen Qi deficiency 脾气虚

  Spleen Yang deficiency 脾阳虚

  Spleen Yin deficiency 脾阴虚

  Spontaneous sweating 自汗

  Stranguria 小便涩痛

  Stomach cold 胃寒

  Stomach heat 胃热

  Strengthening healthy energy 扶正

  Striae 腠理

  Stringy pulse 弦脉

  Sunstroke 中暑

  T

  Tenesmus 里急后重

  Tonifying deficiency 虚则补之

  Tonifying kidney and holding Qi 补肾纳气

  Tonifying Qi and spleen 益气健脾

  Treating excess with purgation 实则泻之

  Treatment with syndrome differentiation 辨证论治

  Twenty-eight pulses 二十八脉

  U

  Ulcer 溃疡

  Urinal incontinence 小便失禁

  Uterus 女子胞

  V

  Vitaport 命门

  W

  Whitish fur 白苔

  Whooping cough 百日咳

  Y

  Yellowish fur 黄苔

  Ying and Yang in balance 阴平阳秘

  Z

  Zheng 证

 医学 Medicine

  基础医学 Basic Medicine

  人体解剖与组织胚胎学 Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology

  免疫学 Immunology

  病原生物学 Pathogenic Organisms

  病理学与病理生理学 Pathology and Pathophysiology

  法医学 Forensic Medicine

  放射医学 Radiation Medicine

  航空航天与航海医学 Aerospace and Nautical medicine

  临床医学 Clinical Medicine

  内科学(含心血管病学、血液病学、呼吸系病学、消化系病学、内分泌与代谢病学、肾脏病学、风湿病学、传染病学) Internal medicine (including Cardiology, Hematology, Respiratory, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Nephrology, Rheuma-tology, Infectious Diseases)

  儿科学 Pediatrics

  老年医学 Geriatrics

  神经病学 Neurology

  精神病与精神卫生学 Psychiatry and Mental Health

  皮肤病与性病学 Dermatology and Venereology

  影像医学与核医学 Imaging and Nuclear Medicine

  临床检验诊断学 Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics

  护理学 Nursing

  外科学(含普通外科学、骨外科学、泌尿外科学、胸心血管外科学、神经外科学、整形外科学、烧伤外科学、野战外科学) Surgery (General Surgery, Orthopedics, Urology, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Neurosurgery, Plastic Surgery, Burn Surgery, Field Surgery)

  妇产科学 Obstetrics and Gynecology

  眼科学 Ophthalmic Specialty

  耳鼻咽喉科学 Otolaryngology

  肿瘤学 Oncology

  康复医学与理疗学 Rehabilitation Medicine & Physical Therapy

  运动医学 Sports Medicine

  麻醉学 Anesthesiology

  急诊医学 Emergency Medicine

  口腔医学 Stomatology

  口腔基础医学 Basic Science of Stomatology

  口腔临床医学 Clinical Science of Stomatology

  公共卫生与预防医学 Public Health and Preventive Medicine

  流行病与卫生统计学 Epidemiology and Health Statistics

  劳动卫生与环境卫生学 Occupational and Environmental Health

  营养与食品卫生学 Nutrition and Food Hygiene

  儿少卫生与妇幼保健学 Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health

  卫生毒理学 Hygiene Toxicology

  军事预防医学 Military Preventive Medicine

  中医学 Chinese Medicine

  中医基础理论 Basic Theories of Chinese Medicine

  中医临床基础 Clinical Foundation of Chinese Medicine

  中医医史文献 History and Literature of Chinese Medicine

  方剂学 Formulas of Chinese Medicine

  中医诊断学 Diagnostics of Chinese Medicine

  中医内科学 Chinese Internal Medicine

  中医外科学 Surgery of Chinese Medicine

  中医骨伤科学 Orthopedics of Chinese Medicine

  中医妇科学 Gynecology of Chinese Medicine

  中医儿科学 Pediatrics of Chinese Medicine

  中医五官科学 Ophthalmology and Otolaryngoloy of Chinese Medicine

  针灸推拿学 Acupuncture and Moxibustion and Tuina of Chinese medicine

  民族医学 Ethnomedicine

  中西医结合医学 Chinese and Western Integrative Medicine

  中西医结合基础医学 Basic Discipline of Chinese and Western Integrative

  中西医结合临床医学 Clinical Discipline of Chinese and Western Integrative Medicine

  药学 Pharmaceutical Science

  药物化学 Medicinal Chemistry

  药剂学 Pharmaceutics

  生药学 Pharmacognosy

  药物分析学 Pharmaceutical Analysis

  微生物与生化药学 Microbial and Biochemical Pharmacy

  药理学 Pharmacology

  中药学 Science of Chinese Pharmacology

 一、医学英语在词汇上的一些特点:

  1. 1 从词源学的角度来看,医学英语的专业名词和术语,有2/3以上的词汇都是源出拉丁、希腊语(根据Os-car E. Nybaken的统计(1),拉T、希腊词素在医学英语词汇中之所以具有这样举足轻重的作用和影响,除了历史的原因以外,还与它们都拥有丰富的词缀有关。这些词缀可与不同的词干一起,能擎生无数新词'之'。如:
  以auto一为词头的词:auto-activation (自体活动)、auto-antibody(自体抗体)、auto-infection(自体传染)、autoserum(自体血清), autovaccine(自体菌苗)、etc.
  以micro一为词头的词:microscope(显微镜)、mi-crosection(显微切片)、microspherocyte(小球形红细胞)、microbacteria(细杆菌)、microsurgery(显微外科)、etc.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
  以h州r-, hydro一为词头的词:hydracid氢酸)、hy-draemia(稀血症)、hydrocephaloid(类脑积水)、hydro-derma(皮肤水肿)etc.

  1. 2 在医学英语中,词汇的意义比较稳定,而日常英语、文学英语中一词多义、一义多词的现象非常普遍。后者连最简单的eye, face, tongue, hand, tooth等人体器官名称都具有多种不同的词义。医学英语中有众多的习惯用语和专用术语,其词义的稳定性,使它们在表达某一概念或现象时,总是被重复使用。
  如change dressings(换敷料),goose flesh(鸡皮疙瘩),contrast medium(造影剂),blue spot(青斑),peptic ulcer(消化性溃疡),whooping cough(百日咳)等。

  1. 3 医学英语词汇不具有感情色彩,有很多普通词汇,在医学英语中与在日常英语中使用起来给人的感觉大不一样。
  以responsible这个词为例:
  (1)The pilot of the plane is responsible for the passengers safety.
  (2) Bacteria or their products are responsible formost instances of food poisoning.
  句(1)中“飞机驾驶员应对旅客的安全负责”,有明显的感情色彩,句(2)中“大多数食物中毒是由细菌或其产物引起的”,没有感情色彩,只表示一个事实,此句中的“be responsible for”可直接译成“引起”。

  1. 4 医学英语很少使用具有夸张、比喻含义的词汇,因为医学论著注重事实和逻辑,需要的是科学性和严肃性。并且,医学英语用词较具体化,这样才能表达得清楚和准确,不至于引起误解。
  如汉语中的“患者”,在医学英语中可有各种具体情况的“患者”,如:
  (1)A diabetic is not allowed to take sweets.
   糖尿病患者是不能吃糖果的。
  (2)In a severe case of diphtheria the prognosis de-pends largely upon how early in the course of the dis-ease an adequate amount of antitoxin can be admiin-stered.
   百喉严重患者的预后,多半取决于在病程中是否能及早给予适量的抗毒素。
  (3)The prescriber and the user of this productmust master the terms hereof.
   开处方的医生和使用本品的患者均须掌握文中术语。
  (4)Cataracts are classified according to the age ofthe individual,etiology,and morphologic characteris-tics of the opacity.
   白内障是根据患者的年龄、病因和晶状体混浊的形态学特征来分类的。
  (5)He is a renal transplant recipient.
   他是一位肾移植患者。

  1. 5 医学英语不太注重词形的悦目,语音的悦耳,在医学英语文献中经常会出现诸如此类的词:os-teoarthropathy(骨关节病),lymphadenopathy(淋巴结病),glomerulonephritis(肾小球性肾炎),sulfapyrim-idine(磺胺嗜陡).这些词既难看又难听,但它们能表达确切的专业意义,这就使医学英语在很大程度上成为一种书面语言,不适合朗读,更不适合吟诵。

  1. 6 医学英语较少使用短语动词,更多地使用所谓“规范”的书面语动词',常常用单个动词,如用absorb来表示take in,用discover来表示find out,用observe来表示look at,用。ancel来表示call off,这是因为单个动词词义较确切,不像短语动词有时往往不止一种含义。而且,单个动词较为“正规”,适于在书面语中使用。再者,单个动词简洁,用起来方便。

  二、医学英语在语法结构上的一些特点:

  2. 1 大量使用名词和名词词组:

  汉语用动词的地方,在医学英语中往往用名词来表示,如:
  (1)Carbon dioxide retention is a major. Restriction to the use of sedatives,tranquilizers,or narcotics in heart failure.
   二氧化碳蓄积是对心力衰竭限制使用镇静、安定或麻醉等药物的主要原因。
  (2) The occurrence of peptic ulcer in some pa-tients with hiatal hernia may necessitate considerationof both diagnosis.
   对一些裂孔病患者,出现消化性溃疡时,须考虑两种疾患的诊断。
   医学英语还广泛地使用名词词组,简洁而确切地表述某一概念或事物。如:ear cough(耳性咳)、heartfailure(心力衰竭)、serum bilirubin levels(血清胆红素值)。

  2. 2 医学英语的文献中较多地使用被动语态结构。请看下例:
  The infant with eczema must not be vaccinateduntil his skin has been clear for a year or so,nor should he be exposed to other persons with fresh vac-cinia lesions. The child with eczema should also be protected,as far as possible,from the virus of herpes simplec,He should be immunized in the usual way against diphtheria,pertussis,tetanus and poliomyelitis. Egg-grown vaccines should be avoided in egg-sensitive pa-tients.
  在此段落中,六个谓语动词中有五个用了被动语态。医学英语这样大量地运用被动语态,是因为:第一,被动结构比主动结构更少主观色彩,医学论著注重客观事实,正需要这种特性;第二,被动结构更能突出要论证、说明的对象,把它放在句子主语的地位,就能吸引人的注意,第三,在很多情况下被动结构比主动结构更简短。

  2. 3 医学英语文献中,非谓语动词短语用得较频繁。例如:
  All therapeutic programmes designed to decreasethe cardiac load begin with "rest". In the normal subject,the amount of blood that the heart is called upon to eject is matched,to the. level of metabolic activity,automatically rising and falling with the oxygen consumption. By decreasing the metabolic requirementsvia restricting activity,the work required of the heartis decreased.
  此段落中的第一句,有一个过去分词和一个动词不定式;第二句有一个动词不定式、两个现在分词;第三句有两个动名词和一个过去分词;这些非谓语动词的穿插使用既清楚正确地反映了前后事物之间的相互关系,又避免了不必要的主从复合句结构,使句子显得精练。

  2. 4 医学英语中,包含两个以上从句的长句较多。
  例如:
  A closed operation is often preferable for patients with pure mitral stenosis who have not been operated upon before,who have no detectable valvular or perivalvular calcification on fluoroscopic examination,and in whom there is no suspicion of left atrial thrombosis.

  综上所述,我们可以看到,医学英语词汇不易发生语义上的变化,不具主观感情色彩,语句结构比较严谨规范等特性。了解医学英语的这些特性,对于我们阅读医学论著的原文将大有裨益。

 Parts of Human Body 人体部位

  Cranium 颅

  front 额

  Occipt 枕

  temples 颞

  ear 耳

  face 面

  eye 眼

  nose 鼻

  mouth 口

  lip 唇

  neck 颈

  trunk 干,躯干

  back 背

  thorax 胸

  abdomen 腹

  umbilicus 脐

  pelvis 骨盆

  hip 髋

  limb,extremity 肢

  upper limb(extremity) 上肢

  lower limb(extremity) 下肢

  axilla 腋

  arm 臂

  elbow 肘

  forearm 前臂

  hand 手

  wrist 腕

  palm 掌

  thenar 鱼际

  hypothenar 小鱼际

  finger 指

  thumb 拇指

  index finger 示指

  thigh,femur 股

  knee 膝

  leg 小腿

  ankle,malleolus 踝

  foot 足

  tarsus 跗

  sole 跖

  toe 趾

  Introduction 绪论

  anatomical position 解剖学姿势

  sagittal plane 矢状面

  median (or midsagittal) plane 正中矢状面

  coronal (or frontal) plane 冠状面(或额状面)

  transverse (or horizontal) plane 横断面(或水平面)

  tnterior (or ventral) surface 前面(或腹侧面)

  posterior (or dorsal) surface 后面(或背侧面)

  superior (or cranial) end 上端(或颅端)

  inferior (or caudal) end 下端(或尾端)

  medial (ulnar or tibial) border 内侧(尺侧或胫侧)缘

  lateral (radial or fibular) border 外侧(桡侧或腓侧)缘

  proximal (or upper) end 近侧端(或上端)

  distal (or lower) end 远侧端(或下端)

  internal (or interior) surface 内面

  external (or exterior) surface 外面

  superficial layer 浅层

  deep layer 深层

Earthworm地龙

East Asian Tree Fern Rhizome狗脊

Elecampane Inula Root土木香

Emblic Leafflower Fruit余甘子

English Walnut Seed胡桃仁

Entada Sten瞌藤子

Entadae Stem过江龙

Ephedra Herb麻黄

Epigeal Srephaia Root地不容

Epimedium Herb淫羊藿

Erect St. John'swort Herb小连翘

Ergot麦角

Eriocarpous Glochidion Leaf漆大姑

Eucommia Bark杜仲

European Grape Fruit索索葡萄

European Hop Flower啤酒花

European Verbena马鞭草

European Waterhemlock Root毒芹

False Chinese Swertia Herb当药

Falsehellebore Root and Rhizome藜芦

Falsesour Cherry樱桃核

Fangchi Root广防已

Feather Cockscomb Seed青葙子

Fennel Fruit小茴香

Fermented Soybean淡豆豉

Fewflower Lysionotus Herb石吊兰

Field Sowthistle Herb苣荬菜

Fig无花果

Figwort Root玄参

FigwortflowerPicrorhizaRhizome胡黄连

Filiform Cassytha Herb无根藤

Fimbriae Orostachys瓦松

Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb荆芥

Finger Citron佛手

Fistular Onion Stalk葱白

Fiveleaf Gynostemma Herb绞股蓝

Flabelate Maiden-hair Herb过坛龙

Flastem Milkvetch Seed沙苑子

Flos Caryophyllata丁香

Fluorite紫石英

Forbes Wildginger Herb杜衡

Forest Frog's Oviduct蛤蟆油

Forrest Silkvine Stem or Root黑骨头

Fortune Eupatorium Herb佩兰

Fortune Firethorn Fruit救兵粮

Fortune Loosestrife Herb星宿菜

Fortune Meadowrue Herb白蓬草

Fortune Paulownia Fruit /Royal Paulownia Fruit泡桐果

Fortune Plumyew Twig and Leaf三尖杉

Fortune Windmillpalm Petiole棕榈

Fortune's Drynaria Rhizome骨碎补

Fourstamen Stephania Root粉防己/汉防己

Fragrant Eupatorium Herb飞机草

Fragrant Plantainlily Herb玉簪

Fragrant Sarcococca Herb清香桂

Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome玉竹

Franchet Groundcherry Calyx and Fruit锦灯笼

Frangrant Ainsliaea Herb杏香兔耳风

Frankincense乳香

Freshwater Sponge紫梢花

Fringed Iris Herb铁扁担

Fruticose Breyniae Leaf and Twig黑面神

刚接触医药方面的说明书时,如见天书。好歹也是学习英语超过10年,作为非英语专业、该过的级也过了。大学也是以重视英文教学著称;心理所受打击可想而知。借着手头上的医学英汉词典,才能看懂。也明白医学和药学其实是很不同的两块领域。

  以下的英文药品说书的写法,是我手头上能找到的最好的版本。不仅帮助我了解药品说明书、并学着做说明书的中译英。还帮助理解其它专业英语。]

  英文药品说明书的写法——第一节 药品名称

  一、进口药英文说明书的结构简介

  “药品说明书”的英文表达方式有Instructons,Directions,Description 现在多用Package Insert,或简称 Insert,也有用Leeflet或Data Sheets.Insert原意为“插入物,插页”。药品说明书即为附在每种药品包装盒中的一份用药说明。经过注册的进口药品一般是国家承认的有效药物,其说明书是指导医生与患者合理用药的重要依据,具有一定的法律效力。

  进口药的英文说明书随药品来源的不同,有以英语为母语的国家,也有以英语为外语的国家。说明书繁简难易不同。短者仅百余词,长者可达上万词。较简单的悦明书仅介绍成分、适应症、禁忌症、用法与用量等内容;较详尽的说明书中除上述内容外还包括:药品性状、药理作用、临床药理、临床前动物试验、临床经验、药代动力学、庄意事项、不良反应或副作用、用药过量、药物的相互作用、警告、有效期、包装、贮存条件、患者须知及参考文献等诸多项目。

  为了顺利阅读和正确翻译进口药英文说明书,读者除应具备较好的英语基础,掌握一定的专业知识(如医学、化学、药剂学、药理学、药物代谢动力学等)外,还应熟悉英文药品说明书的结构及语言待点等。大多数英文说明书都包括以下内容;①药品名称(Drug NameS),②性状(Description),③药理作用(Pharmacological Actions),④适应症(Indications),⑤禁忌证(Contraindications),⑥用量与用法(DOsage and Administration).⑦不良反应(Adverse Reactions)。⑧注意事项(Precautions),⑨包装(Package),⑩贮存(Storage),⑾其他项目(Others)。

  现将各项专题的表述方法与翻译、结构特点、常用词语及阅读技巧等分述如下。

  二、药品名称(第一节)

  英文药品说明书中常见的药品名称有商品名( Trade Name或 Proprietary Name),通用名( Generic Name)和化学名(Chemical Name),其中最常见的是商品名。例如,日本田边有限公司生产的熊去氧胆酸片,其商品名为 Ursosan(Tablets):通用名为 Ursodesoxycholic Acid(熊去氧胆酸);化学名为3a,7p dihydroxy-5p-Cholanoic acid(3a,7p二羟基5p胆烷酸)。有时同一种药品,不同的厂家使用不同的商品名称。

  药品说明书中的标题药名用其商品名。有时在其右上角(或在上角)有一(R)标记,例如ADRIBLASTNA(R)(阿霉素),TEGRETOL(痛痉宁)。“R”是Register(注册)的缩写,(R)表示该产品已经本国的有关部门核准.取得了此项专用的注册商标(Registered Trade Mark)。有时在商品名之下(或后)又列有通用名或化学名.例如: Rulide(罗力得)之下列有(Roxithromycin,罗红霉素): Minipress(脉宁平)之后列有(Praxosin HCI,盐酸哌唑嗪); Nitro-Dur(护心贴片〕之下又列有( Nitroglycerin,硝酸甘油)。

  药品名称的翻译可采用音译、意译、音意合译及谐音译意等方法。

  1、音译:按英文药品名歌的读音译成相同或相近的汉语。如:Tamoxitn它莫西芬,Ritalin利他林,Am-acin 阿米卡星。音译较为方便,但不能表意。

  2、意译:按药品名称所表达的含意译成相应的汉语。例如:cholic Acid 胆酸,Tetracyline四环素;也可其药理作用翻译.如:Minidiab灭糖尿(治疗糖尿病药物),Natulan疗治癌(细胞生长抑制剂),Uraly消石素(治疗尿路结石药物)等。

  3、音意合译:药品名称中的一部分采用音译,另一部分采用意译.例如:Coumadin香豆定(coumarin香豆素),Neo-Octin新握克丁(neo-新);Medemycin麦迪霉素(-mycin 霉素),Cathinone卡西酮(-one酮)。

  4、谐音译意:以音译为原则,选用谐音的汉字,既表音,又表意,音意结合。例如:Antrenyl安胄灵,Doriden多睡丹,Legalon利肝隆,Webilin胃必灵.商品名称可以这样翻洋,而法定名称则规定不可以这样翻译。

  药品的化学名称反映出该药品的化学结构组成成分,可借助英汉化学化工词典进行翻译。如果名称很长,可以分解开来,分别查出各个组成部分的名称,组合而成。例如:Catalin(卡他林)的化学名称是1-Hvdroxy- 5-oxo-5H-pyrido(3,2-a)-Phenoxazine-3-carboxylic acid,译成汉语是1-羟基-5-氧-5H-吡啶开(3,2-a)吩 嗪-3-羧酸。如能掌握一些常用的酸、碱、盐、基因、化合物的英文名称,以及常用的前缀、后缀等,翻译时会顺利得多。例如:chloride氯化物,sulfate(sulphate)硫酸盐,acetyl一乙酰基,amino氨基,di-二,dihydro-二氢。nitro-硝基,-ester酯,-lactone内酯,-one酮、-oxide氧化物,-urea脲等等.

  为了统一药品名称的译名,卫生部药典委员会已拟定出原料药和辅料命名原则,并刊行了<药名词汇>一书,可供翻译英文药品名称时参考。

第二节 性状

  许多药品说明书的第一项是Description(性状),其原意是“叙述”、“描写”,在药品说明书及药典中一般都译为“性状”,其内容主要是介绍外观、理化性质、组成成分、结构、特征等。这一项最常用的标题是Description,此外还可能有其他的表示法,如:

  Chemical Structure 化学结构

  Composition 成分

  Physical and Chemical Properties 理化性质

  这一项中的英语词汇除一部分化学专业词汇外,多为常用词,借助英汉化学化工词典及英汉词典即可通读。

  一、本项中常见的句型

  例1.Folic acid is a yellowish to orange, crystalline powder; odourless or almost odourless.

  叶酸是淡黄色至橙色结晶粉沫,无臭或几乎无臭。

  例2.Intralipos 10% is a white opaque fat emulsion for intravenous injection, containing 10 W/V % of purified soybean oil.

  脂肪乳剂(10%)是白色,不透明,供静脉注射用的脂肪乳剂,含有10%(W/V)的精制大豆油。

  例3.Ursosan Tablet 50mg is a white plain tablet which contains 50mg of ursodesoxycholic acid.

  熊去氧胆酸片为白色素片,每片含50mg熊去氧胆酸。

  例4.Sterile pyrogen-free, orange red, freeze-dried powder in vials containing 10mg and 50mg of doxorubicin hydrochloride with lactose.

  (本品)为小瓶装,灭菌无热原,桔红色冻干粉沫,每小瓶含有10mg或50mg阿霉素盐酸盐与乳糖。

  例5.It occurs as a white to off-white, crystalline solid, poorly soluble in water, dilute acid and most organic solvents.

  本品(炎痛息康)为白色至类白色结晶固体,难溶于水、稀酸及大多数有机溶剂中。

  例6.Pamine, chemically known as epoxytropine tropate methylbromide, has the empirical formula C18H24NO4Br and the molecular weight 398.3.

  哌明的化学名称为环氧莨菪碱托品酸酯溴代甲烷,实验式为C18H24NO4Br,分子量为398.3.

  例7.Kanendomycin is a very stable antibiotic, and its activity does not decrease when the powder is placed in an airlight container and kept at room temperatures for more than 2 years.

  卡内多霉素是一种很稳定的抗生素,其粉沫置于密封容器中,在室温下保存二年以上,活性不减。

  例8.This product is prepared from units of human plasma which have been tested and found nonreactive for hepatitis associated (Australia) antigen.

  本品由人血浆制备,此血浆业经检验,并且证明对肝炎(澳大利亚)抗原无反应。

  二、本项中常用的词语

  1、表示组成、制备的词及短语,如:

  be derived from 由……衍生

  consist of 由……组成

  be obtained 制得

  contain 含有

  be prepared from 由……制备

  have (possess) 有(具有)

  2、表示性质的一些词类,如:

  colo(u)r 颜色

  stable 稳定的

  taste 味道

  molecular formular 分子式

  odo(u)rless 无臭的

  molecular weight 分子量

  crystalline 结晶的

  structure 结构

  solubility 溶解度

  injection 注射剂

  insoluble 不溶的

  solution 溶液

  odo(u)r 气味

  tablets 片剂

  colo(u)rless 无色的

  derivative 衍生物

  tasteless 无味的

  liquid 液体

  sterile 无菌的

  powder 粉沫

  soluble 可溶的

  solid 固体

  还有许多其他词汇,不能一一列举。记住这些常用词对阅读本项内容大有益处。

 第三节 药理作用

  有些说明书较详细地介绍药品的药理作用(Pharmacological Actions)。其内容主要包括药理作用、临床药理(Clinical Parmacology)、体外试验(in vitro experiments)、药物代谢(Metabolism)、药效(Potency)及毒性(Toxicity)等。这一项常用的标题是:

  Pharmacological Action 药理作用

  Pharmacological Properties 药理性质

  Pharmacology 药理学

  Clinical Pharmacology 临床药理

  其他的表示方法还有:

  Actions 作用

  Actions and Properties 作用与性质

  Clinical Effect (Use) 临床效果(用途)

  Mechanism of Action 作用机理

  Mode of Action 作用方式

  如果药品的一种抗生素,可能出现:

  Biological Action 生物活性

  Microbiology 微生物学

  此外,还有一此其他的表示方法,这里不一一列举。

  这一项目中涉及的词汇范围包括药理学、生理学、化学、毒理学、微生物学及医学等学科,专业词汇多,是较难阅读的一部分内容,阅读时可参阅《英汉医学词汇》、《英汉微生物学词汇》及《英汉化学化工词汇》等工具书。另外,还会遇到许多缩写词,如:CNS(中枢神经系统)、EEG(脑电图)、LD50(半数致死剂量)、ECG(心电图)等,这些缩写词可在英汉医学缩略语词典中查到。

  一、常见句型举例

  例1. Mean peek serum concentrations of tobramycin occur between 30 and about 60 minutes after intramuscular administration.

  肌注后约30~50分钟之间妥布毒素的平均血药浓度达到高峰。

  例2. Nembutal Sodium exerts a depressant action on the CNS and shares the sedative-hypnotic actions typical of the barbiturates.

  戊巴比妥钠对中枢神经系统产生抑制作用,并显示戊巴比妥类特有的镇静催眠作用。

  例3. In clinical trials the drug was shown to be highly effectinve in improving and normalizing the alterated cerebral circulation and those disorders related to insufficient arterial flow in the limbs.

  临床试验证实,本品疗效高,可改善已改变了的脑循环,使之恢复正常,治疗与四肢动脉血流不畅有关的疾病。

  例4. Orbenin is stable to staphylococcal penicillinase, and highly effective against resistant staphylococci.It is bactericidal, acid-stable and well absorbed by either the oral or the intramuscular route.

  全霉林对葡萄球菌的青霉素酶稳定,对耐药葡萄球菌十分有效。本品具杀菌、耐酸作用,且口服或肌注吸收良好。

  例5. Nystain has been found to inhibit the growth of yeast like flora in the intestinal tract.

  已查明制霉菌素在肠道内可抑制菌丛类酵母菌的生长。

  例6. Fenarol has proved to be effective as a striated muscle relaxant.

  已证明芬那露是疗效很好的横纹肌松施药。

  例7. Halcion is a potent short-acting hypnotic agent, which produces its hypnotic activity from the first night of administration.

  好而睡是一种强力速效催眠药,它从服药后的第一个夜晚开始产生催眠作用。

  例8. Therapeutically, ATP injection exhibits effects, especially such as activation of the function and metabolism of the nerve, and also coronary and peripheral vasodilation to increase the blood stream.

  从治疗上看,三磷酸腺苷注射剂显示了非常好的效果,特别是在活化神经的功能及代谢,以及舒张冠状与外周血管以增加血流方面更是如此。

  二、常用词及短语举例

  1、动词

  absorb 吸收

  act 作用

  cause (be cause by) 引起(由……引起)

  demonstrate 显示

  exert (action on) 起……作用

  exhibit 显示

  inhibit 抑制

  accumulate 积蓄

  administrate 投药

  excrete 排泄

  result in 导致 indicate 表明

  maintain 维持

  produce 产生

  protect (from) 保护(不变)

  reach 达到

  show 显示,表明

  treat 治疗

  metabolize 代谢

  promote 促进

  prevent 阻止,预防

  tolerate 耐受

  2、形容词

  (be) active (effective) against 对…有效的

  (be) related to 与……有关的

  (be) sensitive to 对……敏感的

  resistant to ……有耐药性的 average 平均的

  minimum 最低(小)的

  maximum 最高(大)的

  normal 正常的

  3、名词

  ability 能力

  activity 活性

  distribution 分布

  excretion 排泄

  action 作用

  clearance 廓清率

  effect on 对…的作用

  function 功能,作用

  half life 半衰期

  in vitro 体外 kidney 肾

  mechanism 机理

  serum concentration 血清浓度

  tolerance 耐受性

  infection 感染

  in vivo 体内

  level 水平,浓度

  plasm lever 血浆浓度(水平)

  toxicity 毒性

  以上仅举部分例词,此外还有许多专业词汇和基础词汇请参阅有关资料。

第四节 适应症

  “适应症”最常用的有以下几种表示方法

  Indications适应症

  Indications and Usage 适应症与用途

  Major(Principal)Indications 主要适应症

  Uses用途

  Action and Use作用与用途

  偶尔也会见到其他的表示方法。

  本项中出现频率最高的是疾病名称以及微生物(尤其是致病菌)的名称,如:

  angina pectoris 心绞痛

  cancer癌

  diabetes(mellitus)糖尿病

  hypertension 高血压

  gram-positive microorganisms(bacteria)革兰氏阳性菌

  virus 病毒

  gram-negative mcroorgansms(bacteria)革兰氏阴性菌

  E.coli 大肠杆菌

  这些词汇可借助英汉医学词典进行阅读和翻译,只要掌握了这些词意,即可了解本项基本内容。

  一、常见句型

  本项是说明书的重点,从句子结构来分析,大致有以下几种类型。

  1、不完全句结构.仅列出疾病或微生物的名称.例如:

  例1、Angina pectoris, Prinzmetal's angina,hypertension

  心绞痛,变异性心绞痛,高血压。

  例 2 The following diseases caused by bacteria including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria such as Staphylococcus,Streptcoccus, Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae……

  用于治疗由革兰氏阳性和革兰氏阴性细菌,如葡萄球菌、链球菌。大肠杆菌、肺炎杆菌……引起的下列疾病……

  2 由For(或In等)引出的短语,例如:

  例3 For prevention of the advance of cataract.

  用于预防白内障进展。

  例 4 In the treatment of all forms of pulmonary tubercuosis in association with other antitubercular drugs.

  与其他抗结核药配伍,治疗各种类型肺结核。

  3.To+动词原形构成的短语,如:

  例 5 To prevent the formation of urinary calculi,especially in cases where they tend to recur.

  用于预防尿路,特别是易发部位的结石的形成。

  例6 To protect the liver cell during administration of drugs hazardous to the liver.

  在服用对肝脏有危害的药物期间,用以保护肝细胞。

  4,完整的句子结构或段落,有时结构很复杂;

  例 7 Amikacin is useful in the treatment of infections from Gram-negative sensitive species,there included the Pseudomonas species;it may also be useful to treat infections caused by sensitive staphylococci,

  阿米卡星可用于治疗革兰氏阳性敏感菌(其中包括假单孢菌)引起的感染,也可用于治疗敏感葡萄球菌引起的感染。

  例 8 Nebcin is indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by susceptible microorganisms:

  乃柏欣适用于治疗下列由敏感细菌引起的感染:

  例 9 Octinum D has proved effective in the prophylaxis and therapy of disorders arising from spasm of the smooth musculature.

  新握克了已证实对平滑肌痉挛引起的病症有预防和治疗作用。

  例10 Fungizone intravenous is especially intended to treat cryptococcosis……

  注射用凡疾送特别适用于治疗隐球菌病。…

  例11 Kanamycin is active both in vitro and vivo against Gram-possitive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as acid-fast bacteria

  卡那霉素在体外及体内对革兰氏阳性和革兰氏阴性菌以及耐酸菌都有效。

  例12 Benemid is recommended for the treatmemt of gout and gouty arthritis, and to increase and prolong the plasma concentration of penicillins and cephalosporins during anti-infective therapy.

  丙磺舒被推荐用于治疗痛风及痛风关节炎,及在强化抗感染治疗时增加并延长青霉素类及头孢菌素类的血浆浓度。

  例 13 Information available at present suggests that Oncovin may be useful either alone or in conjunction with other oncolytic drugs for the treatment of acute leukaemias ……

  据现有资料表明,硫酸长春新碱可单独使用,亦可与其他溶瘤细胞药物合用,以治疗急性白血病……

  例14 Adriamycin is frequenly used in combination chemotherapy regiments with other cytotoxyc drugs.

  阿霉素常与其他细胞毒药物合用于化疗方案。

  例 15 Concomitant therapy with other calcium antagonists, antihypertensives and alcohol may potentiate the hypotensive action of the drug.

  与其他的钙桔抗剂、抗高血压药物及酒精饮料同时使用,会增强本品的降低血压的作用。

  二、本项中的常用词及短语举例

  许多常用词及疾病名、微生物名词等与“药理作用”项类同,此外还有以下词组与短语(例句参见前文)。

  be active against对……有效

  be intended to…适用于……

  be administared in …适用于…

  be of value of … 适用于……

  be effective in (for,against)…对…有效

  be recommended for 推荐用于……

  be employed to …用于……

  be used to(for,as)…用于……

  be helpful in … 用于……

  be useful in … 用于……

  be indicated in(for)…适用于…

  for(in) the treatment(management)of… 用于治疗(控制)

  表示与“其他药物合用”的结构有:

  be associated with

  in association with

  be combined with

  in combination with

  be compatible with

  in connjunction with

  concomitant with

  together with

第五节 禁忌症

  本项中最常用的英语表示法是Contraindications,也有用Restrictions on Use(用药限制)的。

  一、本项中涉及到禁用(或慎用)某些药物的患者或某种特殊情况,例如:

  1、孕妇、妊娠期或哺乳期,幼童等:

  pregnant woman 孕妇

  lactation 哺乳期

  in pregnancy 妊娠期

  children under …years of age …岁以下儿童

  the first trimester (3 months) of pregnancy 妊娠期的最初三个月

  2、患有某些疾病或过敏的患者,如:

  allergic (hypersensitive) to… 对…过敏的

  allergic (anaphylactic) reaction 过敏反应

  allegy (hypersensitivity) to… 对…过敏

  patients with… (who…) 患有…的患者

  二、本项中常出现一些疾病名称,例如:

  cardiac failure 心力衰竭

  hypertension 高血压

  cardiac (renal) insufficiency 心(肾)功能不全

  severe hypotension 严重低血压

  impairment of kidney (renal function) 肾功能损伤

  diabetes 糖尿病

  liver (hepatic) damage 肝损伤

  severe anemia 严重贫血

  三、常见句型

  1) 省略句型,只列出禁忌对象或疾病名称等。

  例1. Pregnacy, allergy to methotrexate, functional disorders of liver and kidneys, diseases of the haematopoietic system (bone marrow hypoplasia, leucopenia, thrombocy - to penia, anaemia), intectious diseases, ulcers of the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract, recent operation wounds.

  孕期,对氨甲叶酸过敏,肝、肾功能障碍,血液系统疾病(骨髓机能减退、白细胞及血小板减少、贫血),传染病,口腔及胃溃疡,近期术后伤口等忌用。

  例2. Hypersensitivity to quinoiones, severerenal insufficiency.

  对喹喏酮类过敏,严重肾功能不全。

  2) 完整的句子或段落。其中常用的结构有:

  contraindications are… 禁忌症是…

  be contraindicated in (for) … 对…禁忌

  should not be used (employed) in … 不得用于…

  It is advisable to avoid the use of … 建议不用于…

  must not be administered (given) to… 对…不得用药

  should be used with caution 慎用

  be not recommended for… 最好不用于…

  none reported 未见报道

  not known 不清楚

  还可能有一些其他的结构。

  例3. Cetazolin sodium is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to cephalosporin group of antibiotics.

  先锋5号禁用于已知对头孢菌素类抗生素过敏的患者。

  例4. It is advisable to avoid the use of Aramine with cyclo-propane or halothane anesthesia, unless clinical circumstances demand such use.

  如果不是临床需要,建议本品不要与环丙烷或氟溴氯乙烷麻醉剂合用。

  例5. Do not take Benemid if prior administration resulted in hypersensitivity Benemid is not recommended for persons with known disorders of the blood or uric acid kidney stones. Do not give Benemid to children under two years of age.

  若以前使用丙磺舒曾引起过敏反应,则应禁用。已知有血液疾患及尿酸性肾结石的患者建议不要使用本品,二岁以下儿童不得服用。

  例6. Phenothiazine compounds should not be used in patients receiving large doses of hypnotics, and should be used, with caution in patients with a history of convulssive disorders, since grand mal convulsions have been known to occur.

  接受大剂量安眠药的患者不应使用吩噻嗪化合物,对有惊厥病史的患者应慎用,因为已知有发生过癫痫大发作。

  例7. Ursosan should not be given to patients suffering from fulminant hepatitis and bile duct obstruction.

  暴发性肝炎及胆管阻塞患者禁用熊去氧胆酸。

  例8. This product is contraindicated in those patients who have shown hypersensitivity to it unless, in the opinion of the physician, the condition requiring treatment is life threatening and amenable only to amphotencin B therapy.

  除非根据医生的意见,认为需要治疗的患者的病情危及生命,并且只有两性霉素治疗才可能使其有所改善之外,对本品过敏的患者禁用本品。

  例9. Children under 5 years of age should not be treated with Antistine.

  5岁以下儿童禁用敌胺。

  例10. The use of Alexan in nursing mothers is not recommended.

  哺乳期妇女最好不用爱力生。

  例11. Pregnancy: Coumadin is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnat because the drug basses through the placental barrier and may cause fatal hemorrhage to the felus in utero.

  妊娠期禁用:香豆定禁用于孕妇,或可能已怀孕的妇女,因为本品可能穿过胎盘屏障,引起子宫内胚胎致命的出血。

  四、在 Restrictions on use 的项目中有时还有小标题

  Contraindications 禁忌症

  Precautions (Note) 注意事项

  Warning 警告

  Pregnancy and Lactation 妊娠与哺乳

 第六节 用量与用法

  本项最常用的英语表示法有:

  Dosage and Administration 用(剂)量与用法

  Route of Administration 给药途径(用法)

  Administration 用法

  Direction for Use 用法

  Method of (for) Administration 用法

  Application and Dosage 用法与用(剂)量

  Mode of Application 用法

  Dosage 用(剂)量

  How to Use 用法

  Posology 剂量学

  还可能有其他的表示方法。

  本项也是阅读的重点,读者必须正确理解本项内容中的给药对象、给药方式、剂量及剂量单位、给药时间等。

  1、常用表示剂量的术语

  average dose 平均剂量 minimal (minimum) dose 最小有效量

  daily dose 日剂量(一日量) multiple dose 多剂量

  divided dose 分次剂量 overdose (overdose) 过量

  fatal (lethal) dose 致死量 single dose 一次剂量

  indicated dose 有效蛴量 standard dose 标准(合适)剂量

  initial (beginning, starting) dose 首次量 suggested (recommended) dose 推荐剂量

  maintenance dose 维持量 therapeutic dose 治疗剂量

  maximum dose 最大剂量(极量) usual (normal) dose 常用剂量

  2、常用的剂量单位表示法

  g=gram 克 l=liter (litre) 升

  mg=milligram 毫克 ml=milliliter 毫升

  kg=kilogram 千克 c.c. 毫升

  mcg=microgram 微克 I.U.=international unit 国际单位

  ug 微克 body weight 体重

  per square meter of body surface 每平方米体表面积

  3、每次给药次数的表示方法

  daily (per day, a day, every day ) 每日

  every …hours 每隔…小时

  intervats of … 每隔…

  once (twice) daily (a day) 每日一(二)次

  every other day 每隔一日

  three times a day (daily) 每日三次

  three times a week 每周三次

  once (twice) a week (weekly) 每周一(二)次

  Divided into … doses 分…次

  in two or three divided doses 分为二或三次(个剂量)

  例1 Unless other wise prescribed by the physician, the average daily dose is 1 capsule 3 times daily.

  如果医生不另开处方,平均日剂量为每日3次、每次1个胶襄。

  例2 The suggested dose is 10 to 15 mg per kg dody weight daily in 3-4 divided doses orally, taken with meets.

  日剂量最好每公斤体重10-15mg,分3-4次口服,与食物共服。

  例3 The initial dosage recommended is 1/2 tablet of Madopa 250 three times daily.

  开始剂量最好为每日3次,每次半片美多巴250.

  例4 Children: The usual dose is 50 to 100 mg/kg/day total, given in four equally divided and spaced doses.

  儿童:常用总剂量为每日50-100mg/kg体重,均分为四等份,等间隔给药。

  例5 The recommended starting dose is 20mg given as a single daily dose.

  推荐的首剂量为每20mg,一次服用。

  4、给药对象:最常见的用词有

  adolescents 青少年 intant(s) 幼儿

  adult(s) 成年人 male 男性

  baby (babies) 婴儿 newborn baby (babies) 新生儿

  children (child) 儿童 patient(s) 患者,病人

  debilitated patients 体弱患者 pediatric 儿科的

  elderly patient(s) 老年患者 pregnant women 孕妇

  female 女性 senile patient(s) 老年患者(病人)

  5、给药方式的表示法:多用副词成或介词短语表示,例如:

  intra-arterially 静脉内给药 by mouth (OS) 口服

  intragluteally 臀肌内给药 by phleboclysis 静脉输液

  intramuscularly 肌内给药 by intramuscular (IM) injection 肌肉注射

  intraperitoneally 腹(膜)腔内给药 by intravenous (IV) injection 静脉注射

  intrapleurally 胸(膜)腔内给药 by the intra-articatar administration 关节内给药

  intrathecally 鞘内给药 by the intramuscular administration (route) 肌内给药

  intravenously 静脉内给药 by the intranasal route 鼻内给药

  locally 局部给药 orally 口服给药

  parenterally 肠道外给药 by the intraperitoneal administration 腹(膜)腔内给药

  subconjuntivally 结膜下给药 by the intravenous infusion (perfusion) 静脉输注

  subcutaneously 皮下给药 sublingually 舌下给药

  submucously 粘膜下给药 by the intrathecal administration 鞘内给药

  by aerosol 喷雾给药 by the subligual administration 舌下给药

  by drip phleboclysis 点滴静脉输液 per rectum 直肠给药

  by enema 灌肠 per vaginum 阴道给药

  by lumbar 腰椎给药 pro recto 直肠给药

  此外还有许多其他的表示法,不一一列举。

  6、表示“投药”的常用动词

  administer (或be administered、give、be given、indicate、be indicated) 给药、投药

  use (或be used 、employ、be employed) 用药

  recommend (be recommended、suggest、be suggested) 推荐给药

  7、表示不同的用药方式的动词:

  take 服用 inhale 吸入 apply to 用于、涂于、敷于

  spray 喷雾 inject 注射 swallow 吞服

  例6 …the recommended single dose is 1 ampoule, given subcutaneously, intramuscularly or intravenously.

  建议一次剂量为1安瓶,皮下、肌肉或静脉注射给药。

  例7 I.M injections should be administered in the amount of 25-50mg daily per kilo of body weight, subdivided into injections every 6-8-12 hours.

  肌肉注射:每日每公斤体重给药25-50mg,每6-8-12小时一次。

  例8 For adults give intramuscular injection of 400 to 600 mg per day in 2-3 divided doses. For intants give intramuscular injection of 10-20mg/kg per day in two divided doses.

  成年人:肌肉注射,每日400-600mg,分2-3次注射;婴儿:肌肉注射,每日10-20mg/kg体重,分2次注射。

  例9 The tablets (or the syrup) are to be taken during or after a meal with a little liquid.

  片剂(或糖浆)应于食间或饭后用少量液体送服。

  例10 Apply the Nitro-Dur system firmly to the skin surface. The Nitro-Dur system may be applied to any convenient skin area, a recommended side of application is the arm or chest.

  把护心贴片紧贴在皮肤表面,护心贴片可贴在任何方便的皮肤区域,最好是贴在手臂或胸部。

  例11 In general 1 to 3 metered doses should should be inhaled or sprayed onto or under the tongue at the every oneset of anginal pain.

  一般应在心绞痛开始发作时就吸入,或向舌上或舌下喷入1-3个规定的剂量。

  8、其它的短语或句型,例如:

  according to 根据 be adjusted 调整 depend on 依据 adapt to 适合,修改

  on the basis of 在…基础上 vary from…to… 变化范围由…至…,因…而异

  range from … to … 变化范围由…至…

  it is advisable to (it is recommended to、it is suggested to ) 建议…

  例子很多,不一一列举。

  例12 Dosage should be adapted to patients individually, on the basis of periodic tests of glycosuria and blood sugar.

  在周期性检验尿糖和血糖的基础上,调整剂量,使之适用于不同的患者。

  例13 It si advisable to initiate therapy with massive doses: 3x2 tablets daily after meals over 2-4 days.

  建议开始治疗时采用大剂量,每日剂量为3x2片,饭后服用,持续2-4日。

  例14 In severs chronic cases, treatment is started with daily 1 to 2 ampoules of Bilocid and continused with one ampoule every other day, injected slowly by the intravenous route.

  治疗严重的慢性疾病时,治疗从每日1-2支利胆素注射剂开始,继续治疗时每隔一日1安瓶缓慢静脉注射。

  例15 The number of injections required may vary from from patient to patient.

  所需注射次数因患者而异。

  例16 The dosage of Glutril must be adjusted by the doctor according to the individual metabolic state.

  格路特利的剂量需由医生根据每个患者的代谢状况调整。

  例17 In such instance, it is recommended that the dose be reduced.

  在这种情况下,建议减少剂量。

  例18 The maintenance dosage is determined by response of the patient.

  维持剂量视患者对药物的反应而定。

  从上述例句可见,本项中英语的普通词汇较多,只要有一定的英语基础均可读懂,专业词汇多为医学词汇,可从英汉医学词典中查出。

第七节 不良反应

  不良反应这一项中包括药物的副作用、症状及体征、毒性作用及耐受力、过敏反应、停药等。现分述如下:

  1.“不良反应”的常用的英语表示法有:

  Adverse Reaction(s)不良反应 Unwanted(Untoward) Reaction(s)不良反应

  2“副作用”的常用的英语表示法有:

  Side-effect(s) 副作用 Unwanted(Undesirable) Effects 副作用

  Side Reaction(s) 副作用 By-effects 副作用

  3.常见的霉副反应的症状及体征的词语很多,但记住下列词语很有必要:

  allergic (hypersensitive,anaphylactic)reaction(s) 过敏反应

  allergy(hypersensitivity) 过敏 dizzziness 眩晕

  gastrointestinal tract 胃肠道 fever 发热

  local reaction(s) 局部反应 flush 潮红

  skin reaction(s)皮肤反应 headache 头痛

  symptom(s)症状 nausea 恶心

  systematic 全身的 pruritus 瘙痒

  anorexia 厌食 rash 皮疹

  blood count 白细胞计数 spasm 痉挛

  blood pressure 血压 thirst 口渴

  coma 昏迷 tiredness 疲倦

  diarrhea 腹泻 vomiting 呕吐

  4.“霉性”、“耐受性”的英语表示法:

  toxicity 毒性

  tolerance(tolerability) 耐受力,耐药性

  tolerate(toleration) 耐受

  5.“停药”的英语表示法举例:

  abandon 停药

  discontinue(discontinuance,discontinuation) 停药,中断(治疗)

  cease(cessation)(stop)停药(停止治疗)

  don't use 勿使用(停药)

  suspend 停药

  terminate 停止,结束

  withdraw(be withdrawn,withdrawal)停药

  6.其他一些常见的基本词汇及短语:

  acute 急性的 control(be controlled)控制

  chronic 慢性的 diminish(reduce,reduction)减少

  common 常见的 disappear 消失

  irreversible 不可逆的 encounter 遇到,见到

  mild 轻微的 give rise to 产生

  normal 正常的 include 包括

  rare(ly)罕见的(地) lead to 导致

  reverside 可逆的 manifest 表明,显示

  severe 严重的 observe(be observed)(被)观察到

  temporary 暂时的 produce 产生

  transient 一过性的,短暂的 react to 对……反应

  appear(develop,happen,occur)出现(产生)

  result from 由……引起 be reported (被)报道

  result in 导致 cause (be caused by) (由……)引起

  treat(treatment) 治疗

  special care(caution)should be exercised 特别小心(注意)

  例1 Ciprofloxactin is generally well tolerated. The most frequently reported adverse reactions are: nausea, diarrhaea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdomina pain, headache, restlessness, rash, dizziness and pruritus.

  环丙沙星一般耐受良好。最常报道的副作用有:恶心、腹泻、呕吐、消化不良、腹痛、头痛、不安、皮疹、头晕及瘙痒。

  例2 Side-effects are rare with slow-K, as any excess potassium is rapidly excreted in the urine.

  施乐凯的副作用根罕见,因为任何过量的钾都迅速由尿排出。

  例3 At the recommended dosage side-effects e.g. venous irritatiion or hypersensitivity reactions (cutaneous and mucous reactions) are only observed in isolated cases.

  用推荐剂量治疗时,仅见个别的静脉刺激或过敏反应(皮肤及粘膜反应)病例。

  例4 When adverse reactions occur, they are usually reversible and disappear when the hormone is discontinued.

  当不良反应发生时,它们往往是可逆的,停用激素后副作用即消失。

  例5 The most serious side-effect is damage to the bone marrow. Because of this, the white blood cell count should be controlled often enough druing the treatment.

  最严重的副作用是骨髓损害,因此在治疗期间,要经常监测白细胞计数。

  例6 These unwanted effects usually disappear spontaneously after 7-14 days or following a temporary reduction in the dosage.

  这些副作用通常在7-14日之后,或者暂时降低剂量便自行消失。

  例7 With high dosage continuous infusion (more than 200mg/m2/day) over 5 to 7 days, the gastrointestinal complications are more pronounced and can on occasion lead to ileus. All side effects are reversible after cessation of therapy.

  大剂量连续输注超过 5~7日(超过 200mg/m2/日),胃肠道并发症更为明显,偶尔可导致肠梗阻。停药后副作用皆可逆转。

  例 8 In some patients nausea, dizziness,and vomiting may occur in the first days of treatment but the treatment need not be discontinued for that. In rare cases a decrease of blood pressure may appear for which a blood pressure check-up is recommended in out-patients before the treatment is initiated. If side-effects persist, lower doses should be administered.

  服用本品的头几天,有些病人可能会出现恶心、头晕和呕吐,但不必停药。偶有血压下降的病例,为此,在治疗开始前建议对门诊患者检测血压。若副作用持续不消失,应减少服用剂量。

  例9 Major adverse reactions (much less common than the minor adverse reactions) include inhibition of myelopoiesis, drug fever and hepatitis.

  较重的不良反应(远不及轻度不良反应常见)包括抑制骨髓细胞生成,药物热及肝炎。

  例10 Side-effects: Loss of appetite and nausea occur in most cases, sometimes with vomiting. These symptoms are usually confined to the first few days of treatment and then tend to disappear.

  副作用:多数病例出现食欲减退、恶心,有时呕吐。这些症状通常发生在治疗的最初几天,以后逐渐消失。

第八节 注意事项

  “注意事项”也是药品说明书中的重要内容之一。为了安全用药,厂商在本项中特别强调应注意的事项,其中主要包括:正确的剂量和用法,超过剂量时的应急措施,用药对象,可能出现的较严重的副作用及治疗方案,药物的配伍,药液的配制、使用及保管等、方面的注意事项。现就本项内容详细介绍如下:

  1. 本项常用的英语表示法:

  Precaution(s) 注意事项 Special note(caution, precaution)特别注意

  Caution(s) 注意事项 N.B. 注意

  Noto 注意 Warning(s) 警告

  有时也用:

  Important 重要事项 Important for the patients 患者须知

  2. 本项中常见的检查项目:

  blood count 血细胞汁数 Kidney (renal) function 肾功能

  blood picture(hemogram) 血象 Liver(hepatic)function 肝功

  blood level 血浓度 serum concentration 血清浓度

  blood pressure 血压 serum creatinine test 血清肌酸酐检验

  clotting time 凝血时间 urine routine(examination) 尿常规

  creatinine clearance 肌酸酐清除率

  3. 本项的特点是内容长短不一,有难有易;词汇量大,涉及面广,既有普通词汇,也有大量的专业词汇及编写词。许多词汇、结构和句型可在药理作用、适应症、禁忌症、剂量和用法、副作用,贮藏等项中见到。从英语结构上分析,句型变化较多,长句、难句也屡屡出现,是比较难读的一个项目。

  例1 Warnings and precautions: Ciprofloxacin should be used with caution in epileptics and patients with a history of CNS disorders and only if the benefits of treatment are considered to outweight the risk of possible CNS side-effects.

  警告和注意事项:癫痫病人及有中枢神经系统病史的患者慎用环丙沙星,仅当认为疗效超过可能产生的中枢神经系统副作用的危险时才可使用。

  例2 Ciprofloxacin could result in impainnent of the patients ability to drive or operate machinary, particularly in conjunction with alcohol.

  环丙沙星能损害人们驾驶汽车或操纵机器的能力,尤其是在饮酒之后。

  例3 Warnings: Vepeside should be administered under the supervision of a qualified physicain experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents.

  警告:泛必治应该在使用治疗癌症的化疗制剂方面有经验、有资格的医生的监护下使用。

  例4 The most serious risk associated with anticoagulant therapy with sodium warfarin are hemorrhage in any tissue or organ and less frequently, necrosis and/ or gangrene of skin and other tissues. The risk of hermorrhage is related to level of intensity and the duration of anticoagulant therapy.

  用华注林钠进行抗凝治疗产生的最严重的危险就是组织或器官出血,以及不大常出现的皮肤和其他组织的坏死和(或)坏疽。出血的危险与抗凝治疗的药物浓度(水平)及疗程长短有关。

  例5 The occurrence of a platelet count below 50,000/mm3 or an absolute neutrophil count below 500/mm3 is an indication to withhold further therapy until the blood counts have sufficiently recovered.

  血小板数低于s0,000/mm3 或绝对中性白细胞数低于500/mm3 ,表明不能继续使用本品治疗,待白细胞计教充分恢复后才能继续用药。

  例6 Warfarin therapy should be discontinued when warfarin is suspected to be the cause of developing necrosis and heparin therapy may be considered for anticoagulation.

  当怀疑华法林治疗引起坏死时,则须停止治疗,并且考虑使用肝素治疗。

  例7 Dosage should be controlled by periodic determinations of prothrombin time(PT) or other suitable coagulation tests.

  必须定期检查凝血酶原时间(PT),或做其他相应的凝血试验来控制剂量。

  例8 Please note Cerebral convulsive disease is regarded as a relative contraindication for examinations in the subarachnoid space. If after careful consideration, these examinations are nevertheless performed, all equipment and medicines necessary to counter any convulsions may occur must be prepared ready for use beforehand.

  请注意:脑惊厥被认为相对禁止进行蛛网膜下腔检查,如经谨慎考虑后、仍要进行这些检查时.必须事先备妥应付可能发生惊厥所需的所有设备与药品。

  例9 Caution must be exercised in the case of hypersensitivity to iodinated contrast media, latent hyperthyroidism and bland nodular goitre.

  对碘造影剂过敏、隐匿性甲状腺亢进和轻微甲状腺肿的病例,应慎重。

  例10 Caution Alcohol intake may enhance nitrate effects and occasionally induce hypotension with subsequent impairment of reactivity. During the first three months of pregnancy drugs should only be used on the express direction of the attendant physician. Isket spray should not be stored at temperatures above 25.C! Temperatures above 40 ℃ are to be be avoided, even for bried periods! Do not force canister open, even when empty!

  注意:饮酒可增强硝酸盐的作用、偶尔引起低血压,继而损害反应力。妊娠三个月时,只有在监护医生明确指导下才可使用本品。异舒吉喷雾剂的贮存温度不应超过25℃!避免超过40℃。即使短时间也不可!不要用力开罐,即使空罐时也不可用力开!勿使儿童接触本品

  例11 As with all new drugs, patients should be followed carefully so that any side-effects or unusual manifestations of drug idiosyncrasy may be detected. If any allergic reaction to Keflex occurs, the drug should be discontinued and the patient treated with the usual agents.

  像使用所有新药一样,应细心地随访患者,以便观察任何副作用或药物特异反应。如果出现对头抱菌素IV的过敏反应,应停药,并用常规药物治疗患者。

  例12 In patients with normal renal function, chronic hypercalcemia may be associated with an increase in serum creatinine. While this is usually reversible, It is important in such patients to pay careful attention to those factors which may lead to hypercalcemia.

  对于肾功能正常的患者,慢性高钙血症可能与血清肌酸酐增多有关。这通常虽然是可逆的,然而对这样的病人,密切注意可能导致血钙过多的各种因素是很重要的。

  例13 Precautions 一Avoid the concomitant use, in the absence of special monitoring laboratory of parameters, of anticoagulants or aspirin. 一Inform the attending physician in the event of bleeding or of the occurence of a hematoma.

  注意事项:在无化验室参考指标的专门监测情况下,避免与抗凝剂或阿司匹林合用。如发生出血或出现血肿,应通知主治医生。

  例14 Periodical examination of hepatic or renal function and blood picture is desirable since Kedacillin may increase SGOT. SGPT and BUN, and decrease erythrocyte and leucocyte.

  磺苄青霉素钠可使血清谷-草转氨酶,血清谷-丙转氨酶和血液尿素氮增高,使红细胞和白细胞减少.所以最好要定期检查肝、肾功能和血象。

  例15 N.B.Transference from insuline to Glutril may be attempted in case of maturity-onset diabetes with obesity;dosage is based upon the result of the necessarily frequent metablic tests.

  注意:伴有肥胖症的成年型糖尿病患者,可试从胰岛素改用格路特利治疗,剂量应以必须经常进行的代谢试验为依据。

第九节 包 装

  1“包装”在英文药品说明书中的表示法有许多,最常用的是Pack(Package)和Supply,例如:

  Pack(s) (Packing(s)) 包装 Supplys(Supplied) 包装

  Package(s) 包装 How Supplied 包装方式

  Packing for Hospital 医院用包装 Method of Supply 包装方式

  Package Quantitiess( Quantity)包装量

  此外还有,

  Presentation 包装 Hospital (Size) Packs 医院用包装

  Availability 包装 Trade Packs(Packings) 商品包装

  Mode(Form)of Issue 包装

  2 常见的包装单位(工具)的英语表示法:

  ampoule(s) 安瓿 carton 纸盒

  blister pack(package) 铝塑包装(水泡眼包装)

  pack 包

  blister strip 铝塑条状包装(水泡眼条包装)

  sheet 张

  bottle 瓶

  strip 条

  box 盒

  tube 管

  canist 罐

  vial 玻璃小瓶

  3 药物的常见剂型的英语表示法:

  aerosol (spray, inhaler) 气雾剂 ampoule 针剂

  capsules 胶囊 oral solution 口服液

  coated(-)tablets 包衣片 pill 丸剂

  cream 乳膏 powder 粉剂

  derm TTS 皮肤贴膏 retard capsules (tablets) 缓释胶囊(片)

  dregees 糖衣丸 scored-tablets 刻(划)痕片

  drops 滴剂 solution 溶液剂

  emulsion 乳剂栓剂 sugar-coated tablets 糖衣片

  film-coated tablets 薄膜片。膜衣片

  suppositories 栓剂

  granule 颗粒 suspension 悬浮剂,混悬剂

  injection 注射剂,针剂

  sustainedrelease tablets 恒(缓)释片

  liniment 搽剂 syrup 糖浆

  liquid 液剂 tablets 片剂

  ointment 软膏

  4 本项的结构特点;内容结构简单,多为不完全句,或仅仅列出包装工具、剂型、装量等,词汇量容易阅读。

  例1 Presentation 30 capsules.

  包装:30粒胶囊装。

  例2 Packages:Box containing one 100 mg bottle

  包装:盒装,每盒1瓶,每瓶100 mg.

  例3 Packing Bottle of 12 capsules 250 mg and 500 mg.Bxo of 12 capsules 250 mg in blister.

  Bottle for pediatri use (granulated): 20 gm granulated contain 1 gm ampicillin, The content of the spoon included in the packing corresponds to 100 mg ampicillin.

  包装瓶装12粒胶囊,每粒含量250或500mg.盒装12粒胶囊(水泡眼包装),每粒含量250mg.瓶装儿童用颗粒剂:20克颗粒剂每瓶含有 1 g 氨苄青霉素。附在包装内的一匙的量,相当于1O0 mg 氨苄青霉素。

  例4 Mode of issue Ceopran Is issued in vials containing 250 mg, 500 mg and 1 gram of cephaloridine.

  包装方式本品小瓶包装,内装 250mg、500mg及 1 g 头抱菌素II.

  例5 Trade packs Trade packs containing 50 and 100 sugar coated tablets.

  商品包装 50 及 100 糖衣片包装。

  例6 Packs(Madopar)250: Cross-scrored tablets each containing 200mg levodopa+50 mg benserazide.

  包装 美多巴“250”刻痕片,每片含200mg左族多巴50mg羟苄丝肼。

  例7 Method of supply Tablets in tubes, each containing 30 tablets. Paint in glass bottles of 24 ml.Meladinine is supplied only on prescription.

  包装方式 管装片剂.每管30片。玻璃瓶装搽剂,每瓶24ml.敏白灵只按处方供药。

  例8 Availability Syrup: Orbenin syrup is available in bottles containing reconstitutable powder for preparing an aqueous solution. When dispensed each 5 ml teaspoonful contains 125mg cloxacillin as the sodium salt.

  包装 糖浆:全霉林糖浆为瓶装,内含可供再配制水溶液的粉末。配制后的每茶匙5ml药液中含125ml 邻氯青霉素钠盐,

  例9 How supplied Tablets: Coumadin (crystalline Wartarin Sodium USP), For oral use, single scored imprinted numericallyand Packaged in bottles with potencies and colors as follows:

  包装 片剂:香豆定(结晶华法林钢一美国药典标准)。供口服。药片上有一条划痕,印有数字。瓶装,效价及颜色如下:

  例10 Also available in Hospital Unit-Dose blister package of 100.

  也提供医院用的单位剂量的铝塑包装,(每包〕100片装。

  例11 Temaril 250:white, film-coated tablets marked on one side with 250, each tablet containing 291.5mg ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate (equivalent 50 250mg ciprofoxacin).

  替马利尔25U:白色有刻痕标记的薄膜片,一面刻有“250mg”字样、每片含 291.5mg 盐酸环丙沙星-水合物(相当于250mg环丙沙星)。

  例12 Packs Standard packs of 20 dregees Hospital packs of 100,500 and 1000 dregees.

  包装 标准包装为20粒糖衣九。医院用包装为100,500及1000粒糖衣丸。

  例13 Package ouantities Beconase Nasal Spray is a metered-dose aerosolsol with a specially designed nasal applicator. Each canister provides 200 sprays.

  包装 喷雾剂是一种气雾剂.配有专门设计可供鼻用的喷雾器,每罐可喷雾 200次。

  第十节 贮存

  “贮存”的英语常用表示法是Storage.本项中常用的一些短语有:

  store (keep) in a cool and dry place 存于于阴凉干燥处

  away from light 避光

  away from children 勿让儿童接触

  protect from light (heat) 避光(热)

  out of (the) reach of children 勿让儿童触及

  prevent moisture 防潮

  本项的句子较简单多为一简单句,其中多为祈使句;用词也不多。

  例1 store medicines carefully. Keep away from children.

  注意保存.勿让儿童接触。

  例2 Stroe below 25℃ protecting from freezing and light.

  存于25℃以下,防冻,避光。

  例3 Validity and storage. The solution will keep for five years if stored at a emperature below +20℃.

  有效期及贮法:放置于20℃以下可保存5年。

  例4 Storage instructions: Protect from heat and light.

  贮存方法;避光及防热贮存。

  例5 To be stored in a dry place at a temperature not above 25℃.

  存于不高于25℃的干燥之处。

  例6 Do not store the suppositories over 25℃.

  本栓剂不得存于25℃以上的温度。

  例7 store at below 25℃ and protect from moisture,

  存于25℃以下,防潮。

  例8 The solution should be prepared immediately prior to use, but can be stored at 4℃ or up to one week.

  药液应在配制后立即使用,但在4℃下可贮存一周。

  有时也有较复杂的结构,或较多的内容,如:

  例9 Ampoules and unopened nasal spray bottles should should be stored in a refrigerator (2—8℃). Onceopened the nasal spray bottle must be kept at room temperature; it should be kept in the upright position and used for a maximum of 4 weeks. Like all drugs,Miacalcic should be kept out of reach of children.

  安瓿或未开启的喷雾剂瓶应存于冰箱(2-8℃)中。喷雾剂瓶一旦开启。就应于室温下保存、药瓶应直立存放,使用时间最多为4周。与其他药物一样,密钙息应妥善保存,勿让儿童接触。

  例10 Protect from light. Store in carton until contents have been used. Store at controlled room temperature(59一86F, 15℃一30℃). Dispense in al tight, light-resistant container as defined in the U.S.P.

  避光保存。药片在使用前于纸盒中保存。在恒温室温(59~86F,15℃一30℃)下保存。调剂时,使用美国药典规定的密闭,避光容器。

  例11 Fungizone intravenous in powder form should be stored in the refrigerator, protected against exposure to light. The concentrate may be stored in the dark, at room temperature for 24 hours, or at refrigeratortemperatures for one week with minimal loss of potency and clarity. Any unused material should then be discarded.

  两性霉素B粉剂应避光存于冰箱中。浓缩液可存于暗处,室温下可保存Z4小时,或可在冰箱 温度下保存一周,其效价及澄明度变化极小。那以后一切尚未用的药物就应弃之。

第十一节 其他项目

  上述10项是绝大多数英文药品说明书中必备项目,但是许多说明书中还常常出现其他一些项目。例如:

  1、特点(Characteristics),

  2、性质(Properties),

  3、药代动力学(Phamacokinetics),

  4、用药过量(Overdosage),

  5、相互作用(Interactions),

  6、有效期(Validity),

  7、其他可能出现的项目。

  现将各项简要分述如下:

  1、Characteristics(特点)或Features(特点)的主要内容是药物的药理作用特点、疗效、剂量及药物代谢等。所以本项内的英语词汇及结构特点与“药理学”、“剂量”等项内容相似。

  例1 Characteristics:

  1)Asverin Is an entirely new and patented cough medicine developed by Tanabe's rocess.

  2)Asverin being a non-narcotic, can be used as a common medicine.

  3)Antitussive effect of Asverin is equal to or more powerful than that of codeine.

  4)Asverin is provided with an expectoranting action which has been never found in any conventional antitussitive agents so far available in the market.

  5)Asverin can be administered safely for a long duration without any sideeffect.

  特点1)安嗽灵是一种全新的、获有专利的用塔那勃氏方法研制的镇咳药。

  2)安嗽灵属非麻醉药,可作为常用药使用。

  3)安嗽灵的镇咳作用相当于或强于可待因。

  4)安嗽灵的祛痰作用是迄今市场上可买到的常用镇咳药中前所未有的。

  5)安嗽灵可长期服用,既安全又无副作用。

  2. Properties(Property)(性质):本项内容与Characteristics 基本相同。

  例2 Methotrexate (MTX) is an antimetabolite of folic acid which has been used for a long time in thechemotherapy of tumours.

  氨甲叶酸(简称MTX)为甲酰四氢叶酸的抗代谢物,长期以来一直用作治疗肿瘤的化疗药物。

  例3 Unlike nitroglycerine, it is not rapidly inactivated in the liver and a reliable clinical effect can be expected. Toxicity is low-effects are minimal with Motazomin.

  脉心导敏与硝酸甘油不同,在肝脏不能迅速失活,因而可望具有可靠的临床效果,本品毒性小,副作用极为轻微。

  例4 Urgenin acts as an anti-inflammatory, reducing the swelling in the prostatic bladder region caused by general obstruction. It also stimulates the blood circulation in this area and the body's natural defence mechanism.

  护前列腺素具有抗炎作用,能减轻前列腺膀胱区因一般性梗阻引起的肿胀,本品能刺激上述部位的血液循环,并增加机体的自然防御机制。

  例5 Medomin induces restorative sleep lasting 6-8 hours. Because it is rapidly and completely broken down in the body, it is unlikely to produce morning hangover and does not cumulate. It retains its full activity even when used repeatedly.

  美多眠可使消除疲劳的睡眠持续6~8小时;由于本品在体内能迅速和完全分解,因而不会产生清晨的“残留作用.也没有积蓄作用。即使经常服用,本品仍能保持充分的活性。

  3.Pharmacokinetics(药物代谢动力学) 的内容王要是代谢(metabolism),吸收(absorption),分布与排泄(distribution and elimination)等:

  例6 Ampicillin is stable in the presence of gastic acid and is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract (30-60% of a dose being absorbed by this route). Its absorpt-ion, however, is diminished when it is taken fogether with food.

  氨苄青霉素在胃酸中稳定.而且易被胃肠道吸收(30~60%的一次剂量经此途径吸收)然而与食物共服,其吸收减少。

  例7 The absolute bioavailability of Miacalic fouowing intramuscular or subcutaneous injection is approximately 70%. Its peak plasma concentration is attained within one hour and it has half-life of elimination of 70-90 minutes.Up to 95% of the dose is excreted via the kidneys, 2% as unchanged drug. The apparent volume of distribution is 0.15~0.31/kg and protein binding 30~40%.

  肌注或者下注射后.密钙息的绝对生物利用率约为70%。1小时内其血药浓度可达高峰,其半衰期为 70~90分钟。高达95%的剂量经由肾脏排出,2%以其不变的药物原型排出。表观分布容积为0.15~0.31/kg、蛋白质结合率为 30~4C%。

  例8 Midazolam is completely metabolized in the body. The primary metabolite is a-hydroxy-midazolam, which can be traced in the plasma. Immediately after its formation, this active metabolite is conjugated with glucuronic acid(inactlvation)and then eliminated by the kidneys.

  速眠安在体内代谢完全,主要的代谢产物为a-羟基速眠安,可在血浆中查出。代谢产物形成后,此活性代谢物便立即与葡萄糖醛酸结合(失活),然后由肾脏排出。

  4. Overdosage(超剂量,药物过量)主要介绍用药过量所产生的后果(effect),症状(signs and symptoms)及处理(treatment)方法。其英语词汇和结构等与“剂量与用法”,“副作用”,“注意事项”等项目中的词汇和结构相似。

  例9 Overdosage may give rise to the following signs and symptoms: tremor, xcitation, convulsions, changes in blood pressure impairment of consciousness, and coma. EEG and ECG changes may also occur.

  Treatment: Measures to monitor and safeguard vital functions. Administration of diazepam wherenecessary.

  超剂量可能引起下列体征和症状:震颤、兴奋、痉挛、血压改变、意识损害及昏迷。心电图和脑电图也可能发生改变。

  治疗:采取措施监护重要器官的功能。必要时给予安定。

  例10 Manifestations of Halcion overdosage include extensions of its pharmacological activity, namely somnolence and hypnosis. As in all cases of drug overdosage, respiration, pulse, and blood pressure should be monitored and supported by general measures when necessary. Immediate gastric lavage should be performed. Intravenous fluids should be administered and an adequate airway maintained.

  好尔睡服用过量的表现是其药理活性的扩展,即嗜睡和催眠。像处理所有药物过量的病例一样,必须对呼吸、脉搏和血压进行监测,必要时采用通用措施,应立即洗胃、静脉输液,并保持呼吸道畅通。

 5. Interactions或drug Interactions(相互作用,或药物的交互作用):本项内容主要是介绍药物合用时的注意事项。

  例11 Temaril tablets should not be administered with 4 hours of medications containing mgnesium,aluminium or iron salts as interference with absorption may occur.

  在使用了含镁、铝或铁盐的药物之后的4小时内不应使用环丙沙星片剂,因为可能影响吸收。

  例12 Simultaneous consumption of alcohol can impair reaction time. e.g. in traffic or during operation of machines. At higher dosage of Elantan 20 wlth simultaneous administration of blood-pressure-lowering medicaments the effect of the latter can be potentiated.

  同时饮酒可能损害反应时间,例如驾驶车辆或操纵机器期间。大量服用单硝酸异山梨醇的同时服用降血压药物,可能会增强后者的药效。

  例13 Dormicum can enhance the central sedative effect of neuroleptics, tranquitizers, antidepressants, sleep-inducing drugs, analgesics and anesthetics.

  速眠安能增强神经抑制剂、安定剂、抗抑郁剂、催眠、镇静剂和麻醉剂的中枢神经镇静作用。

  例14 Concomitant treatment with other vasodilators, calcium antagonists, betablockers, diuretics, antihypertensives, tricyclic antidepressants, major tranquilizers, and dihydroergotamine, as well as the consumption of alcohol, may potentiate the blood pressure lowering effect of Nitroderm TTS.

  与其他药物,例如:血管扩张药、钙桔抗剂、B-受体阻断剂、利尿剂、抗高血压药、三环抗抑郁药、

  强镇静剂及二氢麦角胺合用,以及饮酒等,可加强硝酸甘油护心贴膏的降血压作用。

  6.Validity(有效期):药品的有效期或失效期有以下几种表示方法:

  validity 有效期 storage life 贮存期

  Expiry(Exp.) date 失效(日)期 Shelf life 贮存期(贮藏期限)

  Expiring 失效期 Stability 稳定性

  Expiration date 失效(日)期

  例15 Expiry: 18 months (Expiry date is printed on the vial label.)

  有效期:18个月(失效日期印在瓶签上)。

  例16 Validity and storage: The solution will keep for five years if stored at a temperature below +20℃

  有效期及贮存法:于20℃以下可保存5年。

  例17 Stability: Cefoperazone is stable at least 24 hours in aqueous solutions, stored at temperature which ranges from 5 to 25℃.The powder form is really effective till the expiry date indicated on packings.

  稳定性:头孢哌酮存于5~25℃温度下的稳定性至少可达24小时。木品粉剂的药效实际上可保持到包装上规定的失效日期。

  例18 Stability: See expiry date on the outside of the pack.

  稳定性;见外包装上的失效日期

  例19 Shelf-life: The drug should not be used after the expiry date(=Exp) printed on pack.

  木品超过包装上印刷的有效期后不得使用,

  7. 其他可能出现的项目:

  1) References 参考文献 Literature 参考文献

  2) Clinical dtaa 临床数据

  3) Formula(Formulation) 分子式

  4) Recommendations 建议

  5) Remark(s) 注意 Attention 注意

  6) Tolerance 耐受性

  7) Intormation for the patients 患者须知

  8) Further information 补充资料

  9) Batch No 批号

  10)Made in 由……制造 Produced by 由…生产

  Manufactured(Manfd)by 由…制造

  11)Pharmaceuticala Precautions 药品的注意事项

  还可能有其他项目.这里不再列举。

  以上是英文药品说明书中的主要项目的英文标题,不同的表示方法,结构特点,常用词,短语及句型等。掌握这些内容有助于了解英文说明书的脉络,但要完全理解说明书的全部内容还需要经过一番努力。

医学病症词

Abadie's Sign <Chinese>阿巴迪征(跟腱受压无感觉,见于脊髓痨)

Abaptiston <Chinese>安全开颅圆锯

abarognosis <Chinese>压觉缺失

abasia astasia <Chinese>立行不能

abasia <Chinese>步行不能

abdominal reflex <Chinese>腹壁反射

abduction <Chinese>外展

abiotrophy <Chinese>生活力缺失

ablepsia <Chinese>视觉缺失

ablute <Chinese>切除

abnormal <Chinese>异常

abnormity <Chinese>畸形

abrupt <Chinese>意外

absolute hemianopia <Chinese>完全偏盲

abstinent <Chinese>戒断症状

abstraction <Chinese>抽象

acalculia <Chinese>失算

acataleptic <Chinese>智能缺陷

acatamathesia <Chinese>理解不能

acataphasia <Chinese>连贯表达不能

acatastasia <Chinese>反常

acathexis <Chinese>心力贯注不能

acathisia <Chinese>静坐不能

accessory cramp <Chinese>痉挛性斜颈

accommodation reflex <Chinese>调节反射

accommodation <Chinese>适应

aceburtolol <Chinese>醋丁洛尔

acedia <Chinese>淡漠性忧郁症

acenesthsia <Chinese>存在觉缺失

acenocoumarol <Chinese>新抗凝

acephalia <Chinese>无头畸形

acervulus <Chinese>松果体石

acetazolamide <Chinese>乙酰唑胺

acetohrdroxamic acid <Chinese>乙酰氧肟酸

acetophenazine<Chinese>乙酰非那嗪

acetylcholinergic pathway <Chinese>乙酰胆碱能通路

acetylcholinesterase <Chinese>乙酰胆碱脂酶

acetylcholine <Chinese>乙酰胆碱

acetylglutamide <Chinese>乙酰谷氨酰胺

acetylsalicylic acid <Chinese>乙酰水杨酸

acetyl-spiramycin <Chinese>乙酰螺旋霉素

Achilles jerk <Chinese>踝反射

Achilles tendon reflex <Chinese>踝反射

acinesia <Chinese>运动不能

aconative <Chinese>意向缺失

acorea <Chinese>无瞳孔

acouesthesia <Chinese>听觉

acousmatamnesia <Chinese>听觉性健忘

acousma <Chinese>幼听

acoustic neuroma <Chinese>听神经瘤

acoustic pathway <Chinese>听觉传导路

acoustic stria <Chinese>听纹

acouticolateral area <Chinese>听侧线区

acroagnosis <Chinese>肢体感觉缺失

acroanesthesia <Chinese>肢端麻木

acrobrachycephaly <Chinese>扁头

acrocephalosyndactyly <Chinese>尖头并指

acrocephaly <Chinese>尖头

acrocinesis <Chinese>运动过多

acrodynia <Chinese>肢体疼痛症

acrognosis <Chinese>肢体感

acrokinesia <Chinese>感觉过敏

acrokinesis <Chinese>运动过多

acromegaly <Chinese>肢体肥大症

acroneurosis <Chinese>肢体神经官能症

acroparalysia <Chinese>肢麻痹

acroparesthesia <Chinese>肢体感觉异常

acrosclerosis <Chinese>肢体硬化症

acrotrophoneurosis <Chinese>四肢营养神经病

actinine <Chinese>辅肌动蛋白

actinomycosis of brain <Chinese>脑放线菌病

actinoneuritis <Chinese>放射性神经炎

actin <Chinese>肌动蛋白

action tremor <Chinese>动作性震颤

active negativism <Chinese>主动违拗症

actomyosin <Chinese>肌动球蛋白

acuity <Chinese>敏度

acute alcohol intoxication <Chinese>急性酒精中毒

acute brain syndrome <Chinese>急性脑综合征

acute poliomyelites <Chinese>急性脊髓前角灰质炎

acute spontaenous myelites <Chinese>急性非特异脊髓炎

acute suppurative myelites <Chinese>急性化脓性脊髓炎

acyclovir <Chinese>无环鸟苷

acystinervia <Chinese>膀胱神经无力

Adamkiewicz's demilunes <Chinese>阿达姆基维支新月形细胞(在有髓神经纤维的神经膜底下)

adaptation <Chinese>适应

adduction <Chinese>内收

adenoma of pituitary gland <Chinese>脑下垂体腺瘤

adenovirus <Chinese>腺病毒

adiphenine <Chinese>解痉素

adiposis cerebralis <Chinese>脑性肥胖症

adiposis dolorosa <Chinese>痛性肥胖症

adrenergic <Chinese>肾上腺素能

adreno leukodystrophy <Chinese>脑白质营养不良

aerasthenia <Chinese>飞行员精神衰弱

aetiology <Chinese>病因学

affektepilepsie <Chinese>情感性痉挛

affensplate <Chinese>月状沟(大脑枕叶)

afferent <Chinese>传入

African meningitis <Chinese>非洲脑膜炎(昏睡病)

aganglionosis <Chinese>神经节细胞缺乏症

ageing of nervous tissue <Chinese>神经组织老化

agenesis of corpus callosum <Chinese>胼胝体发育不良

agitation <Chinese>焦虑

agnosia <Chinese>失认

agraphia <Chinese>失写

agyria <Chinese>无脑回

akathisia <Chinese>静坐不能

akinesia <Chinese>运动不能

akinetic seizures <Chinese>运动不能发作

akinetic-rigid syndrome <Chinese>运动不能-强直综合征

Akureyri disease <Chinese>良性肌痛性脑脊髓炎

alar plate <Chinese>翼板

albendazole <Chinese>阿苯达唑

alcoholic coma <Chinese>酒精中毒性昏迷

aldosterone <Chinese>醛固酮

alertness <Chinese>警觉

alexia <Chinese>失读

alleviated<Chinese> 缓和

allopurinol <Chinese>别嘌呤醇

allucination <Chinese>幻觉

almufibrate <Chinese>氯贝丁酯铝

alprenollol <Chinese>心得舒

alptazolam <Chinese>阿普唑仑

alternating hemiplegia <Chinese>交替性偏瘫

altitudinal hemianopia <Chinese>上下性偏盲

aluminium nicotinate <Chinese>烟酸铝

Alzheimer's disease <Chinese>阿尔塞梅茨病

amantadine <Chinese>金刚烷胺

amaurotic idiocy <Chinese>黑朦性白痴

amaurotic <Chinese>黑朦

ambient cistern <Chinese>环池

amblyopic <Chinese>弱视

ameboid glia <Chinese>阿米巴样神经胶质细胞

ameliorate <Chinese>改善

amentia <Chinese>神错乱

amiculum of olive <Chinese>橄榄核囊

amikacin <Chinese>丁胺卡那霉素

aminoacidurias <Chinese>氨基酸尿

aminocaproic acid, EACA <Chinese>6-氨基己酸

aminopyridine <Chinese>氨基比林

amitriptyline<Chinese> 阿米替林

amnesic <Chinese>遗忘

amobarbital <Chinese>异戊巴比妥

amoxycillin <Chinese>羟氨苄青霉素

amphetamine <Chinese>苯丙胺

amphetamines <Chinese>安非他命

amplitude <Chinese>幅度

amyotonia congenita <Chinese>先天性肌张力不全症

amyotrophia <Chinese>肌萎缩

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis <Chinese>肌萎缩性侧束硬化症

anaerobic <Chinese>厌氧的

anal reflex <Chinese>肛门反射

analgesia <Chinese>痛觉缺失

anencephaly<Chinese> 无脑

anesthesia dolorosa <Chinese>痛性感觉缺失

anesthesia <Chinese>感觉缺失

aneurysms <Chinese>微动脉瘤

aneuryson <Chinese>动脉瘤

angiography <Chinese>血管造影

angular gyrus <Chinese>角回

anisocoria <Chinese>瞳孔不等大

ankylosing spondylitis <Chinese>关节固定性脊柱炎

anorexic <Chinese>厌食

anosmia <Chinese>嗅觉缺失

anosognosia <Chinese>病觉缺失

anosognosia <Chinese>偏瘫否认

ansamysin <Chinese>襻霉素

anterior amygdaloid <Chinese>前杏仁区

anterior cerebellar incesure <Chinese>小脑前切迹

anterior commissure <Chinese>前连合

anterior corticospinal tract <Chinese>皮质脊髓前束

anterior fontanel <Chinese>前囟

anterior horn of lateral ventricle <Chinese>侧脑室前角

anterior lateral suleus <Chinese>前外侧沟

anterior limb of internal capsule <Chinese>内囊前脚

anterior median fissure <Chinese>前正中裂

anterior medullary velum <Chinese>前髓帆

anterior parolfactory suleus <Chinese>前旁嗅沟

anterior perforated substania <Chinese>前穿质

anterior speech cortex <Chinese>前说话区(Broca氏区)

anterior spinocerebellar tract <Chinese>脊髓小脑前束

anterior white commissure <Chinese>白质前连合

anterior <Chinese>前

anterior(ventral) funiculus <Chinese>前索(脊髓)

anterior(ventral) horn <Chinese>前角(脊髓)

anterior(ventral) root <Chinese>前根

anterograde amnesia <Chinese>顺行性遗忘

anterograde axoplasmic transport <Chinese>顺向轴浆输送

anterograde degeneration <Chinese>顺行变性

anterolateral corticospinal tract<Chinese>前外侧皮质脊髓束

anterolateral <Chinese>前外侧

anterolivary suleus <Chinese>橄榄前沟

antiepilepsirin <Chinese>抗癫灵

anxiety hysteria <Chinese>焦虑性癔病

anxiety tension state <Chinese>焦虑紧张状态

anxiety <Chinese>焦虑症

aone of Obersteiner?Redlich <Chinese>奥贝斯坦纳?热里希氏带

Apert syndrome <Chinese>塔头并指畸形症

aphasia <Chinese>失语

aphingolipid <Chinese>神经鞘脂

apnoea <Chinese>窒息

apoplectic coma <Chinese>中风性昏迷

apraxia <Chinese>失用

aprotinin <Chinese>抑肽酶

arachnoid granulation <Chinese>蛛网膜颗粒

arachnoid villi <Chinese>蛛网膜绒毛

arachnoid <Chinese>蛛网膜

arachnoiditis <Chinese>蛛网膜炎

archeo cerebellum <Chinese>古小脑

arcuocerebellar fibers<Chinese>弓状小脑纤维

area postrema <Chinese>最后区

area temporalis inferior <Chinese>颞下区

area temporalis media <Chinese>颞中区

area temporalis superior <Chinese>颞上区

area temporalis transverse externa <Chinese>颞横外侧区

area temporalis transverse interna <Chinese>颞横内侧区

area <Chinese>区

areflexia <Chinese>反射消失

arfonad <Chinese>咪噻芬

arginine <Chinese>精氨酸

Arnold-Chiari malformation <Chinese>先天性小脑延髓下疝畸形

arteriovenous malformation of brain <Chinese>脑动静脉畸形

arteriovenous malformotion <Chinese>动静脉畸形

arthroneuralgia<Chinese>关节神经痛

articulation <Chinese>连接

ascending reticular activing system <Chinese>网状上行激活系统

ascending reticular inhibiting system <Chinese>网状上行抑制系统

assessment <Chinese>评估

association neuron<Chinese>联络神经元

astereognosia <Chinese>立体觉失认

asterixis <Chinese>扑翼样震颤

asthenia <Chinese>衰弱

asthenic syndrome <Chinese>脑衰弱综合征

asthenocoria <Chinese>瞳孔反应迟钝

astrocytoma <Chinese>星形细胞瘤

astroglia cell <Chinese>星形胶质细胞

asymmetrical synapse <Chinese>不对称型突触

asymmetry <Chinese>不对称

asymptomatic <Chinese>无症状

asynchronism <Chinese>协调障碍

asyndesis <Chinese>言语不能

asynergy <Chinese>协同不能

asystole <Chinese>心脏停搏

atactic<Chinese> 协调不能

atactiform <Chinese>共济失调样

ataxia <Chinese>共济失调

atelocephalous <Chinese>头发育不全

atelocephaly<Chinese>头颅发育不全

atenolol <Chinese>阿替洛尔

athalposis <Chinese>温觉缺失

atheroma <Chinese>粥样斑

atherosclerosis <Chinese>动脉硬化

athetosis <Chinese>手足徐动症

atlanto-axial subluxation <Chinese>寰枢椎半脱位

atonia <Chinese>肌张力缺失

atonic bladder <Chinese>无张力性膀胱

atopognosia <Chinese>位置觉缺失

atremia <Chinese>歇斯底里性步行不能

atretopsia <Chinese>瞳孔闭锁

atypical absences <Chinese>非典型发作

atypical <Chinese>非典型

auditory evoked potential <Chinese>听觉诱发电位

auditory hallucination <Chinese>幻听

auditory radiation <Chinese>听辐射

aural nystagmus <Chinese>耳原性眼球震颤

aural vertigo <Chinese>耳源性眩晕

aura<Chinese>先兆

automatism <Chinese>自动症

autonomic nervous system <Chinese>自主神经系

autonomous bladder <Chinese>自主性膀胱

autonomous neurogenic bladder <Chinese>自主神经原性膀胱

barylalia <Chinese>言语不清

basal plate <Chinese>基板

basiarachnitis <Chinese>颅底蛛网膜炎

basicranial <Chinese>颅底

basilar cistern <Chinese>基底池

basilar fracture <Chinese>颅底骨折

basilar impression <Chinese>颅底凹陷

basilar invagination <Chinese>颅底陷入症

basilar sinus <Chinese>基底窦

basilar suleus <Chinese>基底沟

basinasial <Chinese>颅底鼻根的

basioccipital <Chinese>枕骨底部的

basis pontis <Chinese>基底部(脑桥)

basophil <Chinese>嗜碱性细胞

Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome <Chinese>棘状红细胞-β-脂蛋白缺乏症

Bastian-Bruns Sign <Chinese>巴斯欣-布伦斯征(从头部到腰膨大部的脊髓有完全横贯性损害,下肢键反射就消失)

bathrocephaly <Chinese>梯头

bathyanesthesia <Chinese>深部感觉缺失

bathyesthesia <Chinese>深部感觉

bathyhyperesthesia <Chinese>深部感觉过敏

bathyhypesthesia <Chinese>深部感觉迟钝

Batten-Mayou disease <Chinese>少年型黑蒙性白痴

Bayle's disease <Chinese>贝尔病(精神错乱者的进行性全身性麻痹)

Beale's ganglion cells <Chinese>比尔神经节细胞(双极细胞)

Beard's disease <Chinese>神经衰弱

Behcet syndrome <Chinese>白塞综合征

Bekhterev's layer <Chinese>别赫捷列夫层(大脑皮层外粒层的纤维层)

Bekhterev's nucleus <Chinese>别赫捷列夫核(前庭神经上核)

Bekhterev's reaction <Chinese>别赫捷列夫反应

Bekhterev's reflex <Chinese>别赫捷列夫反射(深层反射;腹下部反射;瞳孔反射;鼻反射)

Bekhterev's symptom <Chinese>别赫捷列夫症状(面肌麻痹)

Bekhterev's test <Chinese>别赫捷列夫试验(检坐骨神经痛)

Bell's law <Chinese>贝尔定律(脊髓神经前根为运动根,后根为感觉根)

Bell's mania <Chinese>急性谵妄

Bell's nerve <Chinese>胸长神经

Bell's palsy <Chinese>贝尔麻痹

Bell's phenomenon <Chinese>贝尔现象

bemegride <Chinese>美解眠

benactyzine <Chinese>胃复康

Benedict's syndrome <Chinese>中脑红核综合征

Benedikt's syndrome <Chinese>本尼迪克特综合征(一侧动眼神经麻痹,对侧运动过度,

benign congenital hypotonia <Chinese>良性先天性肌张力减低

benign essential tremor <Chinese>良性特发性震颤

benign intracranial hypertension <Chinese>良性颅高压

benign myalgic encephalomyelitis <Chinese>良性肌痛性脑脊髓炎

benign paroxysmal vertigo <Chinese>良性发作性眩晕

benign positional vertigo <Chinese>良性位置性眩晕

benserazide <Chinese>苄丝肼

benspryzine <Chinese>苯纳哌嗪

benumb<Chinese> 使瘫痪

benzathine <Chinese>苄星青霉素

benzhexol hydrochloride <Chinese>盐酸苯海索

benzhexol <Chinese>苯海索(安坦)

benztropine <Chinese>苯甲托品

benzylpencilline <Chinese>苯唑青霉素

Berger's paresthesia <Chinese>贝格尔感觉异常(青少年的一侧或两侧下肢感觉异常,无力,但无他觉症状)

Berger's sign <Chinese>贝格尔征(不规则或椭圆性瞳孔,见于早期脊髓痨,麻痹性痴呆)

Bergeron's chorea<Chinese>贝尔热隆病(电击样舞蹈病,激烈而有规律的痉挛,但为良性病程)

Bergmann's cells <Chinese>贝格曼细胞(小脑皮层分子层内的特殊神经胶质细胞)

Bergmann's cords <Chinese>第四脑室髓纹,听髓纹

Bergmann's fibers <Chinese>贝格曼纤维(从小脑皮层分子层放射并进入软脑膜的突)

Beri-beri(thiamine deficiency) <Chinese>硫胺(VitB1)缺乏症

Bernhard's disease <Chinese>感觉异常性股痛

Bernheimer's fibers <Chinese>伯恩海默纤维(自视神经束至柳氏体的一种脑神经纤维束)

betahistine <Chinese>培他啶

bethanechal <Chinese> (-甲基氨甲酰胆碱

Betz's cells <Chinese>贝茨细胞

Bezold's abscess <Chinese>颞骨骨膜下脓肿

Bezold's perforation <Chinese>颞骨乳突内面穿孔

Bezold's sign <Chinese>贝措尔德征(乳突炎)

Bezold's triad <Chinese>贝措尔德三征(耳硬化)

Bianchi's syndrome <Chinese>比昂基综合征(一种感觉性失语症性综合征,伴失用症及失读症)

Bichat's canal <Chinese>大脑大静脉

Bichat's fissure <Chinese>大脑横裂

Bichat's foramen <Chinese>蛛网膜孔

Bielschowsky disease <Chinese>幼儿型家族性黑蒙性白痴

Bielschowsky's method <Chinese>比尔肖夫斯基法(论证神经轴突及网状纤维的氨银染法)

Bielschowsky's-Jansky disease <Chinese>晚期婴儿型家族性黑蒙性痴呆

Biernacki's sign <Chinese>别尔纳茨基征(脊髓痨及麻痹性痴呆时的尺神经瘫痪)

bilateral hemianopia <Chinese>双侧偏盲

bilateral <Chinese>双侧

Billroth's disease<Chinese>比罗特征(假性脑(脊)膜突出)

binocular hemianopia <Chinese>双眼偏盲

binocular microscope <Chinese>双目显微镜

Binswanger disease<Chinese> 宾斯万格病(皮质下脑病)

biopsy <Chinese>活检

Biot's respiration <Chinese>比奥呼吸(间歇性呼吸暂停,见于颅内压增高)

bipolar neuron <Chinese>双极神经元

bitamporal <Chinese>颞侧

bitemporal hemianopia <Chinese>颞侧偏盲

bithionol <Chinese>硫双二氯酚

black-out syndrome <Chinese>黑蒙综合征

blackouts <Chinese>黑朦

bladder <Chinese>膀胱

blastoneuropore <Chinese>胚神经孔

blepharoptosis <Chinese>睑下垂

blepharospasm <Chinese>睑痉挛

blink reflex <Chinese>瞬目反射

blink <Chinese>眨眼

blood-brain barrier <Chinese>血脑屏障

blood-CSF barrier <Chinese>血脑脊液屏障

blood-nervus barrier <Chinese>血神经屏障

Blumenau's nucleus <Chinese>布路门奥核(楔核外侧核)

Blumenbach's clivus <Chinese>布卢门巴赫斜坡(与枕骨底突相连的蝶骨斜坡)

Blumenbach's process <Chinese>筛骨钩突

blurring <Chinese>模糊

body of lateral ventricle <Chinese>侧脑室体部

body, corpus, complex <Chinese>体

Bonnier's syndrome <Chinese>邦尼埃综合征(前庭神经外侧核或前庭束损害)

Bornholm disease <Chinese>流行性肌痛

Bourneville's disease <Chinese>结节硬化症

boutons en passant <Chinese>旁结

boutons terminaus <Chinese>终结

bouts <Chinese>发作

bowel <Chinese>直肠

boxing encephalopathy <Chinese>拳击员脑炎

brachcephaly <Chinese>短头

brachial plexus <Chinese>臂丛

brachium conjunctivum <Chinese>结合臂

brachium pontis <Chinese>脑桥臂

brachium <Chinese>臂

brachycranic <Chinese>短颅的(颅指数为81.0至84.9)

bradycardia <Chinese>心动过缓

bradykinesia <Chinese>运动迟缓

bradylalia <Chinese>言语迟缓

bradylexia <Chinese>阅读过慢

bradylogia <Chinese>言语过慢

bradyphemia <Chinese>言语过慢

bradyphrasia <Chinese>迟语症

bradyphrenia <Chinese>智力迟钝(流行性乙型脑炎)

bradypragia <Chinese>动作过慢

brain, encephalon<Chinese> 脑

Brain's reflex <Chinese>布雷恩反射(当病人采取四足位置时,偏瘫性屈曲上臂伸直)

brainstem <Chinese>脑干

briskly <Chinese>活跃

Brissaud's syndrome <Chinese>交叉性面痉挛偏瘫综合征

Broca's area <Chinese>布若卡氏区

Brodmann's areas <Chinese>布劳德曼区(大脑皮层细胞结构分区)

bromazepam <Chinese>溴基安定

bromazolam <Chinese>宁神定

bromocriptine <Chinese>溴隐亭

Brown-Sequard syndorme <Chinese>脊髓半切综合征

Brudzinski sign <Chinese>布鲁金斯基征

Bruns' syndrome <Chinese>布伦斯综合征(第四脑室包囊虫眩晕综合征)

Budge's center <Chinese>布吉氏中枢

Buerger disease <Chinese>闭塞性血栓性脉管炎

bufetolol <Chinese>丁呋心安

Buiswangen disease <Chinese>缺血性白质脑病

bulbar paralysis <Chinese>球麻痹

Burdach's columns <Chinese>布尔达赫柱(脊髓楔束)

Burdach's fasciculus <Chinese>布尔达赫束(大脑上纵束)

Burdach's fibers <Chinese>布尔达赫纤维

Burdach's fissure <Chinese>布尔达赫裂(脑岛外侧面和岛盖内面间裂)

Burdach's nucleus <Chinese>布尔达赫核(楔束核)

buspirone <Chinese>丁螺环酮

cabernous sinus <Chinese>海绵窦

cacesthesia <Chinese>感觉异常

cachinntion <Chinese>癔病狂笑

cafe au lait spots <Chinese>咖啡牛乳色斑

caffeine <Chinese>咖啡因

Caffey disease <Chinese>婴儿骨皮质增生症

Cajal's cells <Chinese>卡哈尔细胞(星形胶质细胞)

Cajal's double method <Chinese>卡哈尔双重染色法(显示神经节细胞)

Cajal's method <Chinese>卡哈尔染色法(显示星形胶质细胞)

calan <Chinese>卡兰

calcar avis <Chinese>禽距

calcarine fissure <Chinese>距状裂

calcified <Chinese>钙化

Calleja's islets <Chinese>卡耶哈岛(海马回嗅觉小岛)

callosal suleus <Chinese>胼胝体沟

callosum<Chinese> 胼胝体

caloric nystagmus <Chinese>温热性眼球震颤

caloric test<Chinese>冷热试验

Canavan disease <Chinese>海绵状脑白质营养不良症candida <Chinese>念珠菌

canine hysteria <Chinese>犬惊病

canine spasm <Chinese>痉笑

caprylhydroxamic acid <Chinese>辛酰氧肟酸capsule <Chinese>囊

carbamazepine <Chinese>卡马西平

carbechal <Chinese>氨甲酰胆碱

carbenicillin <Chinese>羧苄青霉素

carbidopa <Chinese>卡比多巴

cardiac plexus <Chinese>心丛

cardio-accelerating center<Chinese>心加速中枢

cardio-encephalopathy <Chinese>心性脑病

cardio-inhibitor center <Chinese>心抑制中枢

cardioneurosis <Chinese>神经性循环衰弱

cardioplegia <Chinese>心麻痹

carotid angiograpathy <Chinese>颈动脉血管造影

carotid bifuracation <Chinese>颈动脉分叉

carotid compression <Chinese>压颈动脉试验

carotid sinus reflex <Chinese>颈动脉窦反射

carotid sinus syncope <Chinese>颈动脉窦性晕厥

carpal tunnel syndrome <Chinese>腕管综合征

carteolol <Chinese>喹酮心安

cartid-cavernous fistula <Chinese>颈动脉海绵窦瘘

caseating <Chinese>干酪样

cataplexy <Chinese>猝倒

catatonia <Chinese>紧张症

catatonic pupil <Chinese>紧张性瞳孔

catecholamine <Chinese>儿茶酚胺

categories <Chinese>类型

cauda equins <Chinese>马尾(脊髓)

causalgia <Chinese>灼性神经痛

cavernous sinus <Chinese>海绵窦综合征

cefadroxil <Chinese>头孢拉定

cefaloridine <Chinese>头孢噻啶

cefathiamidine <Chinese>头孢硫脒

celiac plexus <Chinese>腹腔丛

cellulitis <Chinese>蜂窝织炎

cenral spinal cord dyndrome <Chinese>脊髓中央综合征

center <Chinese>中枢

centers of autonomic nerve<Chinese>自主神经中枢

central canal <Chinese>中央管

central core disease <Chinese>中央轴突症

central excitatory state <Chinese>中枢兴奋状态

central gray substance <Chinese>中央灰质

central pain <Chinese>中枢性疼痛

central sulcus <Chinese>中央沟

central suleus of insula <Chinese>岛中央沟

central tegmental tract <Chinese>被盖中央束

centraphose <Chinese>中枢性暗觉

centrifuged deposit <Chinese>离心后沉淀

centrokinesia <Chinese>中枢性运动

cephalgia <Chinese>头痛

cephalic flexure <Chinese>头曲

cephalin <Chinese>脑磷脂

cephalitis <Chinese>脑炎

cephalocele <Chinese>脑膨出

cephalocentesis <Chinese>头颅穿刺术

cephalochord <Chinese>头索

cephalodynia <Chinese>头痛

cephaloplegia <Chinese>头面肌瘫痪

cephalothin sodium <Chinese>头孢噻吩钠

cephaoexin <Chinese>头孢氨苄

cephazolin sodium <Chinese>头孢唑啉钠

ceptriaxone <Chinese>头孢噻肟二嗪

ceramidase <Chinese>神经鞘氨醇酶

ceramide glucoside <Chinese>葡糖脑苷脂

ceramide trihexoside <Chinese>神经鞘氨醇己三糖苷

ceramide <Chinese>神经鞘氨醇

cerebellar ataxia <Chinese>小脑共济失调

cerebellar atrophy <Chinese>小脑萎缩

cerebellar corpus <Chinese>小脑体cerebellar cortex <Chinese>小脑皮质

cerebellar ectopia <Chinese>小脑外疝

cerebellar hemisphere syndrome <Chinese>小脑半球综合征

cerebellar hemisphere <Chinese>小脑半球

cerebellar plate <Chinese>小脑板

cerebellar pressure cone <Chinese>小脑压迫圆锥

cerebellar tonsillar herniation <Chinese>小脑扁桃体疝

cerebellitis <Chinese>小脑炎

cerebello- olivary fibers<Chinese>小脑橄榄纤维

cerebellomedullary cistern <Chinese>小脑延髓池

cerebellopontine angle <Chinese>小脑桥脑角

cerebelloreticular fibers <Chinese>小脑网状纤维

cerebellorubral fibers <Chinese>小脑红核纤维

cerebellovestibular fibers <Chinese>小脑前庭纤维

cerebellum <Chinese>小脑

cerebral abscess <Chinese>脑脓肿

cerebral agenesis <Chinese>大脑发育不全

cerebral angiograpathy <Chinese>脑血管造影

cerebral atrophy <Chinese>大脑萎缩

cerebral commissure <Chinese>大脑连合

cerebral contusion <Chinese>脑挫伤

cerebral cortex <Chinese>大脑皮质

cerebral cysticercosis <Chinese>脑囊虫病

cerebral diaplegia <Chinese>脑性双侧瘫痪

cerebral dysgenesis <Chinese>脑发育障碍

cerebral edema <Chinese>脑水肿

cerebral embolism <Chinese>脑栓塞

cerebral haemorrhage <Chinese>脑出血

cerebral hemisphere <Chinese>大脑半球

cerebral infarction <Chinese>脑梗死

cerebral ischemia <Chinese>脑缺血

cerebral lipidosis <Chinese>脑脂质增多症

cerebral malacia <Chinese>脑软化

cerebral paragonimiasis <Chinese>脑型肺吸虫病

cerebral peduncle <Chinese>大脑脚

cerebral plasy <Chinese>脑性瘫痪

cerebral schistosomiasis <Chinese>脑型血吸虫病

cerebral sclerosis <Chinese>脑硬化症

cerebral spasm <Chinese>大脑性痉挛

cerebral thrombosis <Chinese>脑血栓形成

cerebral-arteriosclerotic dementia <Chinese>脑动脉硬化性痴呆

cerebriform <Chinese>脑形的

cerebritis <Chinese>脑炎

cerebrocuprein <Chinese>脑铜蛋白

cerebrogalactose <Chinese>脑半乳糖

cerebrogalactoside <Chinese>脑半乳糖苷脂

cerebrohyphoid <Chinese>脑组织样的

cerebroid <Chinese>脑形的

cerebrolysin <Chinese>脑活素

cerebroma <Chinese>脑瘤

cerebromacular degeneration <Chinese>大脑黄斑变性症

cerebromalacia <Chinese>脑软化

cerebromeningitis <Chinese>脑膜脑炎

cerebron <Chinese>羟脑苷脂

cerebropathy <Chinese>脑病

cerebrosclerosis <Chinese>脑硬化

cerebrose <Chinese>脑半乳糖

cerebroside <Chinese>脑苷脂类

cerebrosidosis <Chinese>脑苷脂沉积病

cerebrosis <Chinese>脑病

cerebrospinal fluid <Chinese>脑脊液cerebrospinal leak <Chinese>脑脊液漏

cerebrospinal rhinorrhea <Chinese>脑脊液鼻漏

cerebrospinase <Chinese>脑脊液氧化酶

cerebrovascular accident <Chinese>脑血管意外

cerebrum <Chinese>大脑

ceroid <Chinese>蜡样质

ceruloplasmin <Chinese>血浆铜蓝蛋白

cervical ansa <Chinese>颈袢

cervical enlargement <Chinese>颈膨大(脊髓)

cervical flexure <Chinese>颈曲

cervical plexus <Chinese>颈丛cervical rib syndrome <Chinese>颈肋综合征

cervical rigidity <Chinese>颈强直

cervical spondylosis <Chinese>颈关节强直

cervical vertigo <Chinese>颈性眩晕

cervical <Chinese>颈的

Cestan-Chenais syndrome <Chinese>副-舌下神经麻痹综合征

Chaddoch sign <Chinese>查多克征

Chamberlain's line <Chinese>硬腭枕大孔(张伯伦)线

Charcot's foot <Chinese>夏科氏足(脊髓痨性关节病患者的畸形足)

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease <Chinese>腓骨肌萎缩征

Chassalgnac's tubercle <Chinese>夏桑亚克结节(第六颈椎横突的颈动脉结节)

chemical synapse <Chinese>化学突触

Cheyne-Stokes nystagmus <Chinese>节律性眼球震颤

chiasmatic cistern <Chinese>交叉池

childhood dystrophy <Chinese>儿童营养不良

chitoneure <Chinese>神经膜鞘

chlomezanone <Chinese>芬那露

chloral hydrate <Chinese>水合氯醛

chloramphenicol <Chinese>氯霉素

chlorazepate <Chinese>二钾氯氮卓

chloridiazepoxide <Chinese>利眠宁

chlorimipramine <Chinese>氯丙咪嗪

chlormezanone <Chinese>氯苯甲酮

chloroquine <Chinese>氯喹

chlorpromazine <Chinese>氯丙嗪

chlorprothixene <Chinese>泰尔登

chlorthialidone <Chinese>氯噻酮

chocking <Chinese>窒息

cholesteatom <Chinese>胆脂瘤

cholestipol <Chinese>降胆宁

cholestyramine <Chinese>消胆胺考来烯胺

cholinergic <Chinese>胆碱能

cholinesterase <Chinese>胆碱脂酶

cholinolytic <Chinese>抗胆碱

cholinomimetic <Chinese>类胆碱

chondroitine <Chinese>硫酸软骨素

chorda tympani <Chinese>鼓索支

chordiazepoxide <Chinese>氯氮平

chordoma <Chinese>脊索瘤

chorea <Chinese>舞蹈病

choreiform <Chinese>舞蹈病样的

choreoathetosis <Chinese>舞蹈手足徐动症

choroid epithelium <Chinese>脉络丛上皮

choroid fissure <Chinese>脉络裂

choroid plexus of fourth ventricle <Chinese>第四脑室脉络丛

choroid plexus of lateral ventricle <Chinese>侧脑室脉络丛

choroid plexus of third ventricle <Chinese>第三脑室脉络丛

choroid plexus <Chinese>脉络丛

choroid <Chinese>脉络膜

chromidial substance <Chinese>嗜染质

chromphil substance <Chinese>染色质

chronic progressive inflammatory polyneuropathy <Chinese>慢性进行性炎症性多发性神经病

chronotaraxia <Chinese>定时不能

Chyne-Stokes respiration <Chinese>潮式呼吸

ciliary medullary center <Chinese>延髓睫状体中枢

ciliospinal center <Chinese>睫脊中枢

cillary neuragia <Chinese>睫状神经痛

cimetidine <Chinese>西米替丁(甲氰咪呱)

cinerea <Chinese>灰质

cingulate gyrus <Chinese>扣带回

cingulate suleus <Chinese>扣带沟

cingulectomy<Chinese> 扣带回切除术

cingulumotomy <Chinese>扣带回切开术

cinnarizine <Chinese>脑益嗪 (肉桂苯哌嗪)

circle of Willis <Chinese>脑底动脉环

circumventricular organ <Chinese>室周器

cis-platinum <Chinese>顺铂

cistern <Chinese>池

cisternal puncture <Chinese>小脑延髓池穿刺

Clarke's cells <Chinese>克拉克细胞(脊髓背核色素细胞)

clasmatodendrosis <Chinese>星形胶质细胞突破折

clasp knife phenomenon <Chinese>折刀现象

clasp-knife <Chinese>折刀样

Claude's hyperkinesis sign <Chinese>克洛德运动增强征(疼痛刺激时瘫痪肌肉的反射性动作)

Claude's syndrome <Chinese>克洛德综合征(一侧动眼神经瘫痪,对侧协同不能,讷吃)

claw-hand <Chinese>爪形手

clindamycin <Chinese>克林霉素

clomipramine <Chinese>氯丙咪嗪

clonazepam <Chinese>氯硝安定

clonic seizure <Chinese>阵挛发作

clonic spasm <Chinese>阵挛性痉挛

clonidine <Chinese>氯压定

clonus <Chinese>阵挛

cloxacillin <Chinese>邻氯青霉素

coccidioidomycosis of brain <Chinese>脑隐球菌病

coccygeal <Chinese>尾的

cochlear duct <Chinese>蜗管

cochlear <Chinese>迷路

cochleostapedial reflex <Chinese>镫骨肌反射

coenzyme A <Chinese>辅酶-A

coffin formation <Chinese>柩状形成(神经细胞被吞噬)

cogwheel rigidity <Chinese>齿轮样强直

Cohnheim's areas <Chinese>孔海姆区(肌原纤维的多边形暗区)

coiling reflex <Chinese>蟠曲反射

collateral eminence <Chinese>侧副隆起

collateral suleus <Chinese>侧副沟

collateral trigone <Chinese>侧副三角

Collet-Sicard syndrome <Chinese>颅底综合征

colliculocochleunuclear projection <Chinese>下丘蜗核投射

colliculo-olivary projection <Chinese>下丘上橄榄投射

colliculus <Chinese>丘

coma <Chinese>昏迷

comatose <Chinese>昏迷

commissure of inferior colliculus <Chinese>下丘连合

commissure <Chinese>连合

communicating hydrocephalus<Chinese>交通性脑积水

compensate<Chinese>代偿

compound microscope <Chinese>复式显微镜

compression of the brain <Chinese>脑受压

compression <Chinese>压迫

concha of cranium <Chinese>颅盖

concussion of brain <Chinese>脑震荡

concussion of spinal cord <Chinese>脊髓震荡

concussional <Chinese>震荡

Cone test <Chinese>脑脊液动力检查

confluence of sinus<Chinese> 窦汇

congenital myopathy <Chinese>先天性肌病

congenital <Chinese>先天性

congruous hemianopia <Chinese>同侧偏盲

conjugate <Chinese>共轭

conjunctival reflex <Chinese>结膜反射

consciousness <Chinese>意识

consensual reflex <Chinese>间接光反射

consensual <Chinese>间接

constipation <Chinese>便秘

constitutional <Chinese>原发性

contraiadicate <Chinese>禁忌

contralateral <Chinese>对侧

contrecoup injury <Chinese>对冲性损害

contusion of spinal cord <Chinese>脊髓挫伤

contusion <Chinese>挫伤

conus medullaris <Chinese>圆锥(脊髓)

convalescent <Chinese>恢复

convergence defect <Chinese>会聚障碍

convergence spasm <Chinese>会聚痉挛

conversion hysteria <Chinese>转换性癔病

convuision <Chinese>惊厥

coordination <Chinese>协调

coprolalia <Chinese>秽语症

cornea <Chinese>角膜

corneal reflex <Chinese>角膜反射

cornucopia <Chinese>外侧隐窝(第四脑室)

corona radiation <Chinese>辐射冠

coronal <Chinese>冠状的

corpus callosum <Chinese>胼胝体

corpus Luysi <Chinese>路易斯氏体

corpus quadrigemina <Chinese>四叠体

corpus straitum <Chinese>纹状体

corssed hemianopia <Chinese>异侧偏盲

cortex <Chinese>皮质

Corti's arch <Chinese>蜗螺旋神经节

corticectomy <Chinese>脑皮层切除术

cortico- olivary fibers <Chinese>皮质橄榄纤维

corticobulbar tract <Chinese>皮质脑干束

corticocerebral <Chinese>大脑皮层的

corticocollicular projection <Chinese>皮质下丘投射

corticonuclear tract <Chinese>皮质核束

corticopontine tract <Chinese>皮质脑桥束

corticoreticular fibers <Chinese>皮质网状纤维

corticostriatal fibers <Chinese>皮质纹状体纤维

cortico-striato-spinal degeneration <Chinese>皮质-纹状体-脊髓变性

corticothalamic fibers <Chinese>皮质丘脑纤维

cortitectal fibers <Chinese>皮质顶盖纤维

cortival venous thrombophlebitis <Chinese>皮质静脉血栓性静脉炎

cough syncope <Chinese>咳嗽晕厥

coxsackie virus <Chinese>柯萨奇病毒

cramp <Chinese>痛性痉挛

cranial fontanel <Chinese>颅囟

cranial neuralgia <Chinese>脑神经痛

cranical meningocele <Chinese>脑膜膨出

craniectomy <Chinese>颅骨切除术

craniocele <Chinese>脑膨出

craniopharyngioma <Chinese>颅咽管瘤

craniopuncture <Chinese>颅穿刺术

craniorachischisis <Chinese>颅脊柱裂

cranioschisis <Chinese>颅裂

craniosclerosis <Chinese>颅骨硬化

craniostenosis <Chinese>颅狭小

craniostosis <Chinese>颅缝骨化

craniosynostosis <Chinese>颅骨早期融合

craniosynostosis <Chinese>颅缝早闭

craniotabes <Chinese>颅骨软化

craniotome <Chinese>开颅器

craniotomy <Chinese>颅骨切开术

craniotonoscopy <Chinese>颅叩听诊法

craniotopography <Chinese>颅脑局部解剖学

craniotrympanic <Chinese>颅骨环锯术

creatine kinase <Chinese>肌酸激酶

cremasteric reflex<Chinese> 提睾反射

cretinism <Chinese>呆小病

Creutzfeld-Jacob disease <Chinese>海绵状脑病

cribriform <Chinese>筛板

cricothyroid <Chinese>环甲

crista ampullaris <Chinese>壶腹嵴

crossed paralysis<Chinese> 交叉性瘫痪

cross-legged progression <Chinese>交叉步态

Crouzon syndrome <Chinese>颅骨纤维结构不良综合征

crucifixion attitude <Chinese>十字架姿势(癔症性癫痫)

cryptocalcarine gyrus <Chinese>距状隐回

cryptococcal <Chinese>隐球菌的

cryptogenic <Chinese>原因不明

cryptoglioma <Chinese>隐期神经胶质瘤

cryptoneurous <Chinese>隐性神经系统的

CSF-brain barrier <Chinese>脑脊液脑屏障

CSOM: chronic suppurative otitis media <Chinese>慢性化脓性中耳炎

culmen <Chinese>山顶(小脑)

cuneatocerebellar fibers <Chinese>楔小脑纤维

cuneocerebellar tract <Chinese>楔小脑束

Cushing disease <Chinese>柯兴病

cutancous <Chinese>皮肤的

cyanosis<Chinese>发绀

cyclandelate <Chinese>环扁桃酯

cyclizine <Chinese>苯甲嗪

cyclobarbital <Chinese>环巴比妥

cyclohexanehexol <Chinese>肌醇

cyclophosphamide <Chinese>环磷酰胺

cycloserine <Chinese>环丝氨酸

cyclosprine <Chinese>环孢菌素

cycrimine <Chinese>环戊丙醇

cylindraxile <Chinese>轴突

cystic medial necrosis <Chinese>囊性中央坏死

cysticercosis <Chinese>囊虫病

cytarabine <Chinese>阿糖胞苷

cytidine diphosphate <Chinese>胞二磷胆碱

cytomegalovirus <Chinese>巨细胞病毒

cytopathy <Chinese>细胞变性

cytoplasmic glia <Chinese>原浆性神经胶质细胞

cytosine <Chinese>胞嘧啶

DaCosta's disease <Chinese>神经性循环衰弱

dancing spasm <Chinese>痉跳病

Dandy-Walker syndrome<Chinese> 第四脑室闭锁综合征

dapsome <Chinese>氨苯砜

dark degeneration <Chinese>暗变性

dark-field microscope <Chinese>暗视野显微镜

Darkshevich's fibers <Chinese>达克谢维奇纤维

Darkshevich'snucleus <Chinese>达克谢维奇核(在中脑水管和第三脑室交界处)

Daubenton's angle <Chinese>多邦通角(枕角)

Daubenton's line <Chinese>多邦通线(由颅后点至颅底点的线)

Daubenton's plane 多<Chinese>邦通平面(通过颅后点及眶下缘的平面)

deafferentate <Chinese>传入神经阻滞

decerebrate rigidity <Chinese>去大脑僵直

decerebrate <Chinese>去大脑

declive <Chinese>山坡(小脑)

decorticate rigidity<Chinese>去皮层强直

decubitus<Chinese>褥疮

decussation of medial lemniscus <Chinese>内侧丘系交叉

decussation of superior cerebellar peduncle <Chinese>小脑上脚交叉

decussation <Chinese>交叉

deformity <Chinese>畸形

degeneration <Chinese>变性

Dejerine onion skin syndrome <Chinese>代热林洋葱皮样综合征

Dejerine's sign <Chinese>代热林征(腹压加大时神经根炎症状加重)

Dejerine's syndrome <Chinese>代热林综合征

Dejerine-Klumpke paralysis <Chinese>下臂丛麻痹

Dejerine-Landouzy dystrophy <Chinese>代热林-兰杜茨营养不良

Dejerine-Roussy syndrome <Chinese>丘脑综合征

Dejerine-Sottas syndrome <Chinese>肥大性间质性多发性神经病

delirium <Chinese>谵妄

delusion <Chinese>妄想

dementia <Chinese>痴呆

demyelinating <Chinese>脱髓鞘

dendritic spine <Chinese>树突棘

dendro-axonic synapse<Chinese> 树-轴突触

dendro-dendrite synapse <Chinese>树-树突触

dendron <Chinese>树突

dendrophagocytosis <Chinese>噬胞突作用

dendro-somatic synapse <Chinese>树-体突触

denervation <Chinese>去神经支配

Denny-Brown neuropathy <Chinese>遗传性感觉神经根神经病

dentata <Chinese>枢椎

dentate gyrus <Chinese>齿状回

dentato rubral atrophy <Chinese>齿状核红核萎缩

deoxyribonucleic acid(DNA) <Chinese>脱氧核糖核酸

deprenyl <Chinese>盐酸司立吉林

depressor center <Chinese>减压中枢

Dercum disease <Chinese>痛性肥胖症

derencephalocele <Chinese>颈椎脑突出

dermatomal <Chinese>皮区

dermatomyositis <Chinese>皮肌炎

dermoid cyst <Chinese>皮样囊肿

descending pathway in auditory system <Chinese>听觉系的下行通路

desipramine <Chinese>去甲丙咪嗪

desoxyphenobarbital <Chinese>扑痫酮

deviation <Chinese>偏瘫

Devic disease <Chinese>视神经脊髓炎

dexamethasone <Chinese>地塞米松

dextran-40 <Chinese>低分子右旋糖酐

dextren sulfate <Chinese>糖酐酯

dextroamphetamine <Chinese>右旋苯异丙胺

diabetes insipidus <Chinese>尿崩症

diabetic amyotrophy <Chinese>糖尿病性肌萎缩

diabetic coma <Chinese>糖尿病性昏迷

diabetic neuritis <Chinese>糖尿病性神经炎

diacele <Chinese>第三脑室

diaclast <Chinese>穿颅器

diadochokinesia <Chinese>轮替运动

diagonal bundle <Chinese>斜角带

Diamox <Chinese>乙酰唑胺

diaphragma sellae <Chinese>鞍隔

diastematocrania <Chinese>颅纵裂

diastematomyelia <Chinese>脊髓纵裂

diataxia <Chinese>两侧共济失调

diazaepam <Chinese>安定

diazoxide <Chinese>氯苯甲噻二嗪

dicoumarin <Chinese>双香豆素

diencephalon <Chinese>间脑

diethylstilbestrol <Chinese>乙烯雌酚

difenidol <Chinese>眩晕停

diffuse sclerosis <Chinese>弥漫性硬化

Down syndrome<Chinese> 唐综合征

Dowson encephalitis <Chinese>亚急性包涵体脑炎

doxepine <Chinese>多虑平

doxycycline <Chinese>强力霉素

dramamine <Chinese>茶苯海明

dribbling<Chinese>流涎

drop seizure<Chinese>跌倒发作

drowsy <Chinese>瞌睡

drunken gait <Chinese>酒醉步态

Duchenne muscular dystrophy <Chinese>杜兴氏肌营养不良

Duchenne-Erb paralysis <Chinese>杜-欧麻痹

dura mater <Chinese>硬膜

duxil <Chinese>都可喜

dwarfism <Chinese>侏儒症

dysantigraphia <Chinese>抄写不能

dysaphia <Chinese>触觉障碍

dysaptation <Chinese>眼调节不良

dysarthria <Chinese>构音困难

dysaudia <Chinese>听力障碍

dysautonomia <Chinese>家族性自主神经机能异常

dysbasia <Chinese>步行障碍

dyscalculia <Chinese>计算困难

dyschiasia <Chinese>定位觉障碍

dyschiria<Chinese> 左右感觉障碍

dyschronism <Chinese>定时障碍

dyscoimesis<Chinese>睡眠障碍

dyscoria <Chinese>瞳孔反应异常

dysdiadochokinesia <Chinese>轮替运动障碍

dysequilibrium <Chinese>平衡失调

dysergasia <Chinese>整体反应障碍

dysergia <Chinese>传出性共济失调

dysesthesia <Chinese>感觉障碍

dysgrammatism <Chinese>语法错乱

dysgraphia <Chinese>书写困难

dyskinesias <Chinese>动作障碍

dyslalia <Chinese>言语障碍

dyslexia <Chinese>诵读障碍

dyslexic <Chinese>阅读不能

dysmnesia <Chinese>记忆障碍

dysmyotonia<Chinese> 肌张力障碍

dysopia <Chinese>视觉障碍

dysosmia <Chinese>嗅觉障碍

dysphgia <Chinese>吞咽障碍

dysphonia <Chinese>发音困难

dysphrasia <Chinese>言语困难

dysphrenia <Chinese>精神障碍

dyspnoea <Chinese>呼吸障碍

dysponesis <Chinese>皮层运动区活动障碍

dyspraxia <Chinese>运用障碍

dysrhaphia <Chinese>神经管闭合不全

dysrhaphism <Chinese>脊柱裂

dysrythmia <Chinese>节律障碍

dysstasia <Chinese>起立困难

dyssynergia <Chinese>肌协同失调

dyssynergia <Chinese>协同障碍

dystaxia <Chinese>共济失调

dystects <Chinese>神经管闭合不全

dystonia musculorum deformans <Chinese>变形性肌张力障碍

dystonia <Chinese>肌张力障碍

dystrophia myotonica <Chinese>肌营养不良性肌强直症

dystrophy <Chinese>肌营养不良

Eaton-Lambert myasthenic syndrome<Chinese> 重症肌无力综合征

echinococcus <Chinese>绦虫病

Echo virus <Chinese>埃可病毒

echoencephalogram <Chinese>脑超声图

echylnandrol <Chinese>乙基雌烯醇

Ecker's fissure <Chinese>枕横沟

ectethmoid<Chinese> 筛骨外侧部

ectoglia <Chinese>外神经胶质

ectopia <Chinese>异位

ectorhinal area<Chinese> 嗅外区

Edinger's law <Chinese>埃丁格尔定律

edrophonium <Chinese>腾喜龙

effector in viscers <Chinese>内脏效应器

effector, motor ending <Chinese>效应器

efferent <Chinese>传出

eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA <Chinese>二十碳五烯酸

Eimer's organ <Chinese>埃米尔氏器

Elanolz's bodies <Chinese>埃尔兹霍兹体(有髓神经纤维变性小体)

elastase <Chinese>弹性酶

electrical synapse <Chinese>电突触

electroconvulsive therapy<Chinese> 电惊厥疗法

electrocorticography <Chinese>脑皮层电图

electroencephalography <Chinese>脑电图

electroencephaloscope <Chinese>脑电镜electrolyte<Chinese> 电解质

electromyography <Chinese>肌电图

electron microscope <Chinese>电子显微镜electroneurography <Chinese>神经电图

electronystagmography <Chinese>眼震电图

electro-oculogram <Chinese>眼电图electrophoresis <Chinese>电泳

electroplexy <Chinese>电休克

electroretinogram <Chinese>视网膜电图

electrospinogram <Chinese>脊髓电图

elicited <Chinese>引出

emboli <Chinese>栓子

ement <Chinese>充血

emepronine <Chinese>乙基二甲二苯溴丙胺

eminence <Chinese>隆起

empty sella syndrome<Chinese> 空蝶鞍综合征

encephalitis lethargica <Chinese>昏睡性脑炎

encephalitis <Chinese>脑炎

encephalitogenic<Chinese> 致脑炎的

Encephalitozoon rabiei <Chinese>内格里小体(狂犬病包涵体)

encephalization <Chinese>脑形成

encephalo-arteriography <Chinese>脑动脉造影术

encephalocele <Chinese>颅腔

encephaloclastic <Chinese>脑损害的

encephalocystocele <Chinese>积水性脑突出

encephalodialysis <Chinese>脑软化

encephalodysplasia <Chinese>脑发育异常

encephalogram <Chinese>脑造影照片

encephalography <Chinese>脑照相术

encephaloid <Chinese>髓样瘤

encephalolith <Chinese>脑石

encephaloma <Chinese>脑瘤

encephalomalacia<Chinese>脑软化

encephalomeningitis <Chinese>脑膜脑炎

encephalomeningocele<Chinese>脑脑膜膨出

encephalomeningopathy <Chinese>脑脑膜病

encephalomere <Chinese>脑节

encephalomyelitis<Chinese> 脑脊髓炎

encephalomyeloneurophy <Chinese>脑脊髓神经病

encephalomyelopathy<Chinese>脑脊髓病

encephalomyeloradiculitis <Chinese>脑脊髓神经根炎

encephalomyeloradiculoneuritis <Chinese>脑脊髓神经根神经炎

encephalomyeloradiculopathy<Chinese> 脑脊髓脊神经根病

encephalomyocarditis <Chinese>脑心肌炎

encephalonarcosis <Chinese>脑病性木僵

encephalopathy <Chinese>脑病

encephalopuncture<Chinese> 脑穿刺术

encephalopyosis <Chinese>脑脓肿

encephaloradiculitis <Chinese>脑脊神经根炎

encephalorrhagia <Chinese>脑出血

encephalosclerosis <Chinese>脑硬化

encephaloscope <Chinese>窥脑镜

encephalosepsis <Chinese>脑坏疽

encephalosis<Chinese> 器质性脑病

encephalothlipsis <Chinese>脑受压

encephalotome <Chinese>脑刀

encephalotomy<Chinese> 脑切开术

encephlometer <Chinese>脑域测定器

encephocele <Chinese>脑膨出

end-bulb neuroma <Chinese>神经断端神经瘤

endocrinological <Chinese>内分泌

endolymph <Chinese>内淋巴

endoneurium <Chinese>神经内膜

endoperineuritis <Chinese>神经束膜内膜炎

end-position nystagmus <Chinese>极端位注视性眼球震颤

Ener's plexus <Chinese>埃克斯内神经丛(接近大脑皮质表面的一层神经纤维)

Engelmann's disk <Chinese>恩格尔曼盘(横纹肌盘)

enophthalmos <Chinese>眼球内陷

entorhinal area <Chinese>嗅内区

entrapment injury <Chinese>神经挤压伤

enuresis <Chinese>遗尿症

eosinophilic grnuloma <Chinese>嗜酸性肉芽肿

ependyma <Chinese>室管膜

ependymoma <Chinese>室管膜瘤

epicritic <Chinese>精细觉的

epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis <Chinese>流行性脑脊膜炎

epidemic neuromyasthenia <Chinese>良性肌痛性脑脊髓炎

epidural abscess <Chinese>硬脑膜外脓肿

epidural hematoma <Chinese>硬脑膜外血肿

epidural space <Chinese>硬膜外腔

epiglottis <Chinese>会厌

epilepsy partialis continua <Chinese>部分性癫痫持续状态

epilepsy stupor <Chinese>癫痫性木僵

epilepsy twilight state<Chinese> 癫痫性朦胧状态epilepsy<Chinese> 癫痫

epileptic state <Chinese>癫痫持续状态

epileptogenic focus <Chinese>癫痫灶

epiloia <Chinese>结节硬化症

epineurium <Chinese>神经外膜

episodes <Chinese>发作

epithalamic suleus <Chinese>上丘脑沟

epithalamus <Chinese>上丘脑

equilateral hemianopia<Chinese>同侧偏盲

equine gait <Chinese>马行步态(腓神经瘫痪)

Erb muscular dystrophy <Chinese>欧勃肌营养不良

Erb's paralysis<Chinese> 埃尔布麻痹

Erb's point <Chinese>埃尔布点

Erb's sclerosis <Chinese>原发性脊髓侧索硬化

Erb's sign <Chinese>埃尔布征(强直性痉挛时运动神经的应电性增强)

Erb's syndrome <Chinese>埃尔布综合征(重症肌无力全部体征)

Erb's syphilitic spastic paraplegia <Chinese>埃尔布梅毒性痉挛性截瘫

Erb-Duchenne paralysis<Chinese> 埃尔布-杜兴麻痹(臂麻痹的上丛型)

Erben's phenomenon <Chinese>埃尔本反射(屈颈和躯干过度前倾时脉搏变慢)

Erben's phenomenon <Chinese>埃尔本现象(神经衰弱患者在弯腰时出现脉搏暂时变慢)

ergotamine <Chinese>麦角胺

erosion<Chinese>侵蚀

erythromelalgia <Chinese>红斑性肢痛病

erythroprosopalgia<Chinese> 红斑性面病

essential myoclonus <Chinese>原发性肌阵挛

estazolam <Chinese>艾司唑仑

esthesioblast <Chinese>成神经节细胞

esthesiodic <Chinese>感觉传导的

esthesioneure <Chinese>感觉神经元

esthesioneuroblastema <Chinese>成感觉神经细胞瘤

etat lacunaire <Chinese>腔隙状态

etat marbre <Chinese>大理石状态

ethambutol <Chinese>乙胺丁醇

ethionamide <Chinese>乙硫异烟胺

ethopropazine <Chinese>普粑嗪(治震颤麻痹)

ethosuximide <Chinese>乙琥胺

ethotoin <Chinese>乙妥因

etomilate <Chinese>甲苄咪脂

eukinesia <Chinese>运动正常

eukoencephalopathy<Chinese> 白质脑病

Eulenberg disease <Chinese>先天副肌强直

euphoric <Chinese>欣快

evoked potential <Chinese>诱发电位

exacerbated <Chinese>恶化

excitation membrane <Chinese>兴奋膜

expiratory center <Chinese>呼气中枢

expressive aphasia <Chinese>表达性失语

extending <Chinese>伸直

extension injury <Chinese>伸展损伤

extensor <Chinese>伸肌

exterme capsule <Chinese>最外囊

external band of Baillarger <Chinese>拜劳格氏外带

external capsule <Chinese>外囊

external carotid artery steal <Chinese>颈外动脉盗血

external granular layer <Chinese>外颗粒层(大脑皮质)

external limiting membrane <Chinese>外界膜

external medullary lamina <Chinese>外髓板

external meningitis <Chinese>硬脑膜外层炎

external pyramidal layer <Chinese>外锥体层(大脑皮质)

exteroceptor <Chinese>外感受器

extra-cortical axial aplasia <Chinese>皮质外轴索再生障碍

extrameningeal <Chinese>脑(脊)膜外的

extrapymidal disease <Chinese>锥体外系疾病

extrapyramidal system <Chinese>锥体外系统

exudate <Chinese>渗出

Fabry's disease<Chinese> 酰基鞘氨醇已三糖苷脂沉积症

facial apraxia <Chinese>面肌失用

facial colliculus <Chinese>面神经丘

facial hemiahypertrophy <Chinese>面偏侧肥大

facial hemiatrophy <Chinese>面偏侧萎缩

facial masking <Chinese>面具脸

facial myokymia <Chinese>面肌纤维颤搐

facial spasm <Chinese>面肌痉挛

facial tic<Chinese> 面肌抽搐

facial trophoneurosis <Chinese>颜面营养神经病

facilitory area <Chinese>易化区

facioplegia <Chinese>面神经麻痹

facioscapulohumeral dystrophy <Chinese>面肩肱型营养不良

facsiculation <Chinese>肌束震颤

faecal <Chinese>粪便

faint<Chinese> 晕厥

falx cerebri<Chinese> 大脑镰

falx cerebrlli <Chinese>小脑镰

familial amaurotic idiocy <Chinese>家族性黑蒙性白痴

familial dysautonomia<Chinese> 家族性植物神经障碍

familial periodic paralysis <Chinese>家族性周期性瘫痪

familial progressive spinal muscular atrophy <Chinese>家族性进行性脊肌萎缩

familial spastic paraplegia <Chinese>家族性痉挛性截瘫

familial tremor <Chinese>家族性震颤

fasciculus cuneatus<Chinese> 楔束

fasciculus dorsolateralis, fasciculus of Lissauer <Chinese>背外侧束

fasciculus grancilis<Chinese> 薄束

fasciculus proprii <Chinese>固有束

fasciculus retroflexus<Chinese> 后屈束

fasciolar gyrus <Chinese>束状回

fast flow component <Chinese>快流成分(轴浆流)

fat embolism <Chinese>脂肪栓塞

fatiguability <Chinese>易疲劳

fatigue <Chinese>疲劳

Fazio-Londc disease <Chinese>少年进行性球麻痹

febrile convulsion <Chinese>高热惊厥

febrile delirium <Chinese>发热谵妄

feeblemindedness <Chinese>低能

fenarol <Chinese>芬那露

fenbufen <Chinese>芬布芬

fenfluramine <Chinese>苯氟拉明

fenoendazole <Chinese>硫苯咪唑

fenofibrate <Chinese>非诺贝特

festinating gait <Chinese>慌张步态(震颤麻痹及其他神经性疾病)

fibers from locus coerulus to cerebellum <Chinese>蓝斑小脑纤维

fibril acid <Chinese>神经纤维酸

fibrillary glia <Chinese>纤维性神经胶质细胞

fibrillation <Chinese>肌纤维颤搐

fibrodysplasia ossificans <Chinese>骨化性纤维发育不良

fibromuscular dysplasia <Chinese>肌纤维发育不良

fibromuscular hyperplasia <Chinese>纤维肌性增生

fibromyositis <Chinese>纤维性肌炎

fibrosis <Chinese>纤维化

fibrous astroglia cell <Chinese>纤维性星形胶质细胞

filium terminale<Chinese> 终丝(脊髓)

fissure,sulcus <Chinese>裂

fit <Chinese>发作

fixation hysteria <Chinese>固定癔病

fixation nystagmus <Chinese>凝视性眼球震颤

fixed spasm<Chinese> 持久性痉挛

flaccidity <Chinese>肌肉松驰

flavoxate hydrochloride <Chinese>黄酮哌酯

Flechsig's areas <Chinese>弗莱希西希区(延髓每半边的前,侧,后三个区,可见迷走神经及舌下神经)

Flechsig's cuticulum <Chinese>弗莱希西希表皮(神经胶质外面的一层扁平细胞)

Flechsig's fasciculus <Chinese>前固有束

Flechsig's field <Chinese>髓鞘生成区

Flechsig's myelogenetic law <Chinese>弗莱希西希髓鞘发生定律

flexing <Chinese>屈曲

flexion injury <Chinese>屈曲性损伤

flexor reflex <Chinese>屈肌反射

flickering vision <Chinese>闪烁视觉

floccular peduncle <Chinese>绒球脚

flocculonodular syndrome <Chinese>小脑绒球结节综合征

flocculus <Chinese>绒球(小脑)

floor plate <Chinese>底板

floppy infant syndrome <Chinese>婴儿低肌张力综合征

fludrocortisone <Chinese>氟氢可的松

flufenamic acid<Chinese> 氟灭酸

flunamic <Chinese>氟桂嗪

flunirazepam <Chinese>氟硝安定

fluorescence microscope <Chinese>荧光显微镜

fluoxetine <Chinese>氟苯氧丙胺

flupenthixol <Chinese>三氟噻吨

fluphenaxine <Chinese>氟奋乃静

flurazepam <Chinese>氟安定

flurothyl <Chinese>六氟二乙酯

fluspirilene <Chinese>氟斯必灵

focal myoclonus <Chinese>局灶性肌阵挛

focal seizure <Chinese>局灶性癫痫发作

Foix syndrome <Chinese>海绵窦综合征

Foix-Alajouanine disease <Chinese>脊髓血管畸形自发栓塞症

Fontana's marking<Chinese> 丰塔纳条纹(神经干切面的横文)

fontanel <Chinese>囟

foramen caecum <Chinese>盲孔

foramen magnum <Chinese>枕骨大孔

foramen <Chinese>孔

Forbes disease <Chinese>糖原沉积病Ⅱ型

forced attitude <Chinese>强迫姿势(脑膜炎)

Forel's commissur <Chinese>福雷尔连合(丘脑下部核连合)

Forel's decussation <Chinese>福雷尔交叉(中脑的红脊髓束及红核网状束的被盖前交叉)

Forel's field <Chinese>福雷尔区(含有联系丘脑与丘脑下部细的纵行纤维的区域)

formation <Chinese>形成

fornix commissure <Chinese>穹窿连合

fornix <Chinese>穹窿

fortification <Chinese>偏头痛闪烁幻象

fossa <Chinese>窝

Foster-Kennedy syndrome <Chinese>脑前叶肿瘤

Fothergill disease <Chinese>三叉神经痛

fourth ventricle <Chinese>第四脑室

fourth ventricle <Chinese>第四脑室外侧孔

fourth ventricle <Chinese>第四脑室正中孔

fovea <Chinese>凹

Foville syndrome <Chinese>桥脑旁正中综合征

Frankl-Hochwart's disease <Chinese>弗l霍希瓦特病(梅尼埃尔病样多发性脑神经炎)

Frazier-Spiller operation <Chinese>弗雷泽-斯皮勒手术(半月神经节感觉根分离)

free sensory endings <Chinese>游离感觉末梢

freezing microtome <Chinese>冰冻切片机

Frenkel's movements <Chinese>弗伦克尔运动疗法(运动失调矫正法)

Frey's syndrome <Chinese>弗莱综合征(耳颞神经综合征)

Friedmann's vasomotor syndrome<Chinese> 弗里德曼血管舒缩综合征

Friedreich ataxia <Chinese>遗传性共济失调

Friedreich's foot<Chinese> 弗里德赖希足(马蹄内翻,趾过伸畸形,见于遗传性运动失调)

Frohlich syndrome <Chinese>肥胖性生殖器退化

Froin syndrome <Chinese>脑脊液分隔综合征

Frommann's line <Chinese>弗罗曼线(有髓神经纤维轴索上的横纹)

fronatl lobe ataxia <Chinese>额叶共济失调

frontal forceps<Chinese> 额钳(胼胝体)

frontal gait apraxia <Chinese>额叶步态失用

frontal lobe <Chinese>额叶

frontal pole <Chinese>额极

frontomarginalis suleus <Chinese>额缘沟

frontopontine tract<Chinese>额桥束

Froriep's ganglion <Chinese>弗罗里普神经节,枕神经节(胚)

frozen section<Chinese>冰冻切片

fundi<Chinese> 眼底

fundoscope <Chinese>眼底镜

fundoscopy <Chinese>眼底检查

fungus cerebri <Chinese>脑菌样膨出

furabencillin <Chinese>呋苄青霉素

furaprbal <Chinese>呋喃甲氢龙

furosemide <Chinese>呋喃苯胺酸(速尿)

Furstner's disease <Chinese>菲斯特内病(假性痉挛性麻痹伴发震颤)

fusiform aneurysm <Chinese>梭形动脉瘤

fusiform gyrus <Chinese>梭状回(枕颞内侧回)

fusimotor <Chinese>肌梭运动

gag reflex<Chinese> 咽

gait <Chinese>步态

galactocerebroside lipidosis <Chinese>半乳糖脑苷脂沉积病

galactolipin <Chinese>脑苷脂

galactosyl ceramide <Chinese>脑苷脂类

galamthamine <Chinese>加兰他敏

Gamstorp disease <Chinese>遗传性周期性麻痹

gangliectomy <Chinese>神经节切除术

gangliitis <Chinese>神经节炎

ganglioblast <Chinese>成神经节细胞

gangliocyte <Chinese>神经节细胞

gangliocytoma <Chinese>神经节细胞瘤

ganglioglioma <Chinese>神经节神经胶质瘤

ganglioglioneuroma <Chinese>神经节胶质神经瘤

gangliolysis <Chinese>神经节阻滞

ganglion <Chinese>神经节

ganglioside <Chinese>神经节苷脂

gangliosidoses <Chinese>神经节苷脂沉积症

gangrene<Chinese> 坏疽

ganimalon <Chinese> r-氨酪酸

Ganser's commissure <Chinese>甘塞氏连合

Gasser's ganglion <Chinese>三叉神经节

Gaucher' disease<Chinese> 葡萄糖脑苷脂沉积症

gaze <Chinese>凝视

gemfibrpzil <Chinese>吉罗非齐(诺稳固衡)

general paresis of the insane <Chinese>麻痹性痴呆

geniculate body <Chinese>膝状体

geniculate herpes <Chinese>膝状疱疹

geniculocalcarine <Chinese>膝距束

genu of internal capsule <Chinese>内囊膝

Gerlach's nerwork <Chinese>格拉赫网(脊髓神经节细胞树状突的一种明显的但不是真的网织)

Gerlier's disease <Chinese>惹利埃病(地方性麻痹性眩晕)

Gerlier's syndrome <Chinese>惹利埃综合征(地方性麻痹性眩晕)

Gerstmann syndrome <Chinese>古斯曼综合征(优势半球角回损害)

giant cell periarteritis <Chinese>巨细胞动脉周围炎

gigantism <Chinese>巨人症

gilles de la tourette syndrome <Chinese>多发性抽动-秽语综合征

glabellar reflex <Chinese>眉间反射

Glasgow coma scale <Chinese>格拉斯哥昏迷计分

glaucoma <Chinese>青光眼

glettic spasm <Chinese>喉痉挛

glia limitans membrane <Chinese>胶质界膜

glia <Chinese>神经胶质

gliacyte <Chinese>神经胶质细胞

glioblast <Chinese>成神经胶质细胞

glioblastoma <Chinese>成胶质细胞瘤

gliocytoma <Chinese>神经胶质细胞瘤

gliofibrillary <Chinese>神经胶质原纤维的

gliogenous <Chinese>神经胶质原的

glioma <Chinese>胶质瘤

gliomatosis <Chinese>神经胶质瘤病

gliophagia <Chinese>吞噬神经胶质作用

gliopil <Chinese>神经胶质毡

gliosarcoma retinae <Chinese>视网膜神经胶质肉瘤

gliosarcoma <Chinese>神经胶质肉瘤

gliosis<Chinese> 胶质增生

gliosome <Chinese>神经胶质粒

global aphasia <Chinese>完全性失语

global dementia <Chinese>全面性痴呆

globoid cell leukodystrophy <Chinese>类球状细胞白质营养不良症

glucagon <Chinese>胰高血糖素

glucose tolerance factor <Chinese>葡萄糖耐量因子

glueocerebrosidoses <Chinese>葡萄糖脑苷脂沉积症

gluteal gait <Chinese>偏瘫步态(臀中肌瘫痪)

gluteal reflex <Chinese>臀反射

glutethimide <Chinese>导眠能

glycogen storage diseases <Chinese>糖原沉积病

glycogen <Chinese>糖原

Goldflam's disease <Chinese>假麻痹性重症肌无力

Golgi's complex <Chinese>高尔基体

Golgi's corpuscle <Chinese>高尔基小体(在腱内腱与肌肉纤维接合处的一种腱梭)

Golgi's mixed staining method <Chinese>高尔基混合染色法(染神经细胞及其全部细胞突)

Golgi's type Ⅰ neurons <Chinese>高尔基Ⅰ型神经细胞(具有长轴索的锥体细胞)

Golgi's type Ⅱ neurons <Chinese>高尔基Ⅱ型神经细胞(具有短轴索的星状细胞)

Goll's fibers <Chinese>戈尔纤维(从薄束核延伸到小脑蚓部)

Goll's nucleus <Chinese>戈尔核(薄束核)

Goll's tract <Chinese>脊髓薄束

Gombault-Philippe triangle <Chinese>贡博-菲利普三角(脊髓圆锥内,由隔缘束的纤维形成)

goniocraiometry <Chinese>颅角测量法

gonion <Chinese>下颌角点

Gordon sign <Chinese>戈登征

Gordon's reflex <Chinese>戈登反射(倒错性屈肌反射)

Gordon's test <Chinese>戈登试验(检脑脊液球蛋白及白蛋白)

Gower's contraction <Chinese>前叩击收缩

Gower's syndrome <Chinese>高尔斯综合征(血管迷走神经性发作)

Gower's tract<Chinese> 脊髓小脑前束

Gowers myopathy <Chinese>跳跃性痉挛

Gowers sign <Chinese>高乐斯征

Gradenigo's syndrome <Chinese>格拉代尼果综合征(中耳化脓性疾病时的外展神经麻痹及单侧头痛)

Graefe's disease <Chinese>进行性眼肌麻痹

grand mal <Chinese>大发作

Grant test <Chinese>脑脊液动力学检查

granular endoplasmic reticulum <Chinese>颗粒内质网

granular layer <Chinese>粒层(小脑皮质)

granuloma<Chinese> 肉芽肿

graphanesthesia<Chinese> 皮肤书写觉丧失

graphethesia <Chinese>皮肤书写觉

Grashey's aphasia <Chinese>格腊希失语(遗忘性失语)

grasp reflex <Chinese>强握反射

Grasset's phenomenon <Chinese>格腊希现象(在不全偏瘫时,患者能将两下肢分别举起,而不能同时举起)

Grasset-Gaussel-Hoover sign <Chinese>格腊希-果塞尔-胡佛征

gray reticular formation <Chinese>灰网状质

gray substance <Chinese>灰质

gridle muscle <Chinese>肢带肌

griseofulvin <Chinese>灰黄霉素

groaning <Chinese>呻吟

Gubler's hemiplegia <Chinese>古布累偏瘫(交叉性偏瘫)

Gubler's line <Chinese>古布累线(连结脑桥下第五脑神经各根起点的想象线)

Gubler's tumor <Chinese>交叉性偏瘫

Gudden's commissure <Chinese>视上连合

Gudden's law <Chinese>古登定律(神经切断后近端发生的变性是向细胞的)

Gudden's commissure <Chinese>古登氏连合

Guillian-Barre's syndrome<Chinese> 格林-巴利综合征

gummatous meningitis <Chinese>树胶肿性脑膜炎

gyrochrome<Chinese> 环染细胞(神经细胞)

gyrus occipitotemporalis lateralis <Chinese>枕颞外侧回

gyrus occipitotemporalis medialis <Chinese>枕颞内侧回

gyrus <Chinese>回

habit spasm <Chinese>习惯性痉挛

haematogenous <Chinese>血源性

haemngioblastoma <Chinese>小神经胶质细胞瘤

Haenel's syndrome <Chinese>黑内尔症状(脊髓痨患者眼球压觉缺失)

Hall's disease <Chinese>假性脑积水

Hall's facies <Chinese>霍尔面容(额大面小,见于脑积水)

Haller's circle <Chinese>视神经血管环

Haller's line <Chinese>脊髓前正中裂

Hallervorden-Spatz disease <Chinese>蛋白球色素退变综合征

hallmark <Chinese>标志

hallucination<Chinese> 幻觉

hallucinatory neuralgia <Chinese>幻觉性神经痛

haloperidol <Chinese>氟哌啶醇

hamartoma <Chinese>错构瘤

handicap <Chinese>障碍

handicraft spasm <Chinese>职业性痉挛

Hand-Schuller-Christian disease <Chinese>慢性特发性黄瘤病

Harada disease <Chinese>哈雷大病

head holder <Chinese>头固定架

head nystagmus <Chinese>旋转性头震颤(动物)

heart neurosis <Chinese>心脏神经症

heat cramp <Chinese>中暑性痉挛

heel-knee test <Chinese>跟膝反射

Heidenhain syndrome <Chinese>海登汗综合征(迅速进展的神经变性性疾病)

helicopod gait <Chinese>环形步态(癔病性疾病)

heliencephalitis <Chinese>日射性脑炎

Heller disease <Chinese>梅毒性主动脉炎

Helweg's bundle <Chinese>橄榄脊髓束

hemangioblastoma <Chinese>成血管细胞瘤

hemangioma <Chinese>血管瘤

hematomyelia <Chinese>脊髓出血

hematomyelitis <Chinese>出血性脊髓炎

hematomyelopore <Chinese>出血性脊髓空洞症

hematorrhachis <Chinese>椎管内出血

hemiachromatopsia <Chinese>偏侧色盲

hemiageusia <Chinese>偏侧味觉缺失

hemiamyosthenia<Chinese> 偏身肌无力

hemianalgesia <Chinese>偏侧痛觉缺失

hemianesthesia <Chinese>偏身感觉障碍

hemianopia <Chinese>偏盲

hemianosmia<Chinese> 偏侧嗅觉缺失

hemiapraxia<Chinese> 偏侧失用症

hemiasomatonosia <Chinese>偏身辨距不能

hemiasynergia <Chinese>偏侧协同运动不能

hemiataxia<Chinese> 偏侧共济失调

hemiatrophy<Chinese> 偏侧萎缩

hemiballismus <Chinese>偏身投掷症

hemichorea <Chinese>偏侧舞蹈病

hemicraniectomy <Chinese>偏侧颅骨切除术

hemicraniosis <Chinese>偏侧颅骨肥大

hemidecortication <Chinese>偏侧大脑皮层切除术

hemifacial spasm<Chinese>偏侧面肌痉挛

hemihypacusis <Chinese>偏侧听觉障碍

hemihypalgesia <Chinese>偏侧痛觉减退

hemihyperatrophy <Chinese>偏侧肥大

hemihyperesthesia <Chinese>偏侧感觉过敏

hemihypesthesia <Chinese>偏侧感觉迟钝

hemipakinsonism <Chinese>偏侧震颤麻痹

hemiparanesthesia <Chinese>偏侧下身麻木

hemiparaplesia <Chinese>偏侧下身麻木

hemiparesis <Chinese>轻偏瘫

hemiplegia alternate <Chinese>交叉性偏瘫

hemiplegia cruciate <Chinese>交叉上下肢偏瘫

hemiplegia migraine <Chinese>偏瘫性头痛

hemiplegia <Chinese>偏瘫

hemirachischisis <Chinese>隐性脊柱裂

hemisection syndrome <Chinese>半切综合征

hemispasm <Chinese>偏侧痉挛

hemisphaerium <Chinese>半球

hemisphere <Chinese>半球

hemispherectomy <Chinese>大脑半球切除术

hemithermoanesthesia <Chinese>偏侧热觉缺失

hemorrahagic encepalitis <Chinese>出血性脑炎

hemorrahagic infract <Chinese>出血性梗塞

hemorrahagic leukoencephalitis <Chinese>出血性白质脑炎

Henoch's chorea <Chinese>亨诺赫舞蹈病(痉挛性抽搐)

Henoch's purpura <Chinese>亨诺赫紫癜(神经性紫癜)

hepatic coma <Chinese>肝性昏迷

hepatic encephalopathy <Chinese>肝性脑病

hepatic myelopathy <Chinese>肝性脊髓病

hepatocerebral degenetation <Chinese>肝脑变性

hepatolenticular degenetation <Chinese>肝豆状核变性

hepronicace <Chinese>烟己甘酯

hereditary ataxia <Chinese>遗传性共济失调

hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy <Chinese>遗传性运动感觉性神经病

hereditary tremor <Chinese>遗传性震颤

hereditary <Chinese>遗传

heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis <Chinese>多神经炎型遗传性共济失调

Hering's law <Chinese>赫林定律(两眼神经支配原理)

Hering's nerve <Chinese>舌咽神经颈动脉窦支

Hering's test <Chinese>赫林试验(检实体视觉)

Hering's theory <Chinese>赫林学说(色觉)

herniation <Chinese>疝

herpes simplex encephalitis <Chinese>单纯疱疹脑炎

herpes zoster encephalitis<Chinese> 带状疱疹脑炎

herpes zoster myelitis <Chinese>带状疱疹脊髓炎

herpes zoster neuralgia<Chinese> 带状疱疹神经痛

herpes zoster<Chinese> 带状疱疹

hersage <Chinese>周围神经松解法

heteresthesia <Chinese>差异感觉

heteronymous hemianopia <Chinese>异侧偏盲

heteropodal <Chinese>异突的(神经细胞)

Heubner's disease <Chinese>梅毒性大脑动脉内膜炎

hiatoneurology <Chinese>神经组织学

hiccough <Chinese>呃逆

Hippel-Lindau's disease <Chinese>视网膜-小脑血管瘤病

hippocampal commissure <Chinese>海马连合

hippocampus <Chinese>海马

His's perivascular <Chinese>希斯血管周隙(脑与脊髓血管动脉外膜和神经胶质血管周围界膜之间的间隙)

His's zones <Chinese>希斯区(胚神经管的四个纵增厚束)

Histology <Chinese>组织学

Hitzig's gridle <Chinese>希茨希带(与乳房同高的一环状痛觉缺失区)

Hitzig's test <Chinese>希茨希试验(检前庭器)

hoarse <Chinese>声嘶

Hoffmann sign <Chinese>霍夫曼征

Hoffmann's phenomenon <Chinese>霍夫曼现象

Holmes's degeneration <Chinese>霍姆斯变性(原发性进行性小脑变性)

holotonia <Chinese>全身肌紧张

Homen's syndrome <Chinese>霍门综合征

homocystinuria <Chinese>高胱氨酸尿症

homodesmotic <Chinese>同联的

homonymous hemianopia<Chinese>同侧偏盲

homonymous <Chinese>同向

hook bundle of Russell <Chinese>罗瑟尔氏钩束

horizontal fissure <Chinese>水平裂

horizontal hemianopia <Chinese>上下性偏盲

Horner syndrome <Chinese>霍纳综合征

Horton's arteritis <Chinese>颞动脉

Horton's headache <Chinese>组胺性头痛

Hunt's atrophy <Chinese>亨特肌萎缩

Hunt's disease <Chinese>亨特病(肌阵挛性小脑协同失调)

Hunt's paradoxical phenomenon <Chinese>亨特反常现象

Hunt's striatal syndrome <Chinese>亨特纹状体综合征

Hunt's syndrome <Chinese>亨特综合征(耳带状疱疹)

Huntington's disease <Chinese>亨廷顿舞蹈病

Hurier disease <Chinese>第Ⅰ型粘多糖增多症

husky <Chinese>沙哑

Hutchison syndrome <Chinese>哈奇森综合征

Hutchson pupil <Chinese>霍氏瞳孔

hydralazime <Chinese>肼苯哒嗪

hydranencephaly <Chinese>积水性无脑

hydranencephaly <Chinese>脑发育不全性脑积水

hydrencephalocele <Chinese>积水性脑突出

hydrocephaloid <Chinese>脑积水样的

hydrocephalus <Chinese>脑积水

hydrochlorothiazide <Chinese>氢氯噻嗪

hydromeningitis <Chinese>浆液性脑膜炎

hydromeningocele <Chinese>积水性脑膜突出

hydromicrocephaly <Chinese>积水性小头

hydromyelia <Chinese>脊髓积水

hydromyelomeningocele <Chinese>积水性脊髓膜突出

hydroxyethylamyle<Chinese> 羟乙基淀粉

hydroxynervone<Chinese> 羟烯脑苷脂

hydroxyzine <Chinese>羟嗪 (安秦乐)

hyminal <Chinese>安眠酮

hypacusia <Chinese>听觉减退

hypalgesia <Chinese>痛觉减退

hyperactivity <Chinese>多动症

hyperacusis <Chinese>听力减退

hyperaemia <Chinese>充血

hyperalgesia <Chinese>痛觉过敏

hypercapnea <Chinese>呼吸过度

hypercapnia <Chinese>高碳酸血症

hypercoagulable <Chinese>凝固性过高

hyperemasis <Chinese>剧吐

hyperesthesia <Chinese>感觉过敏

hyperkalemic periodic paralysis <Chinese>高钾性周期性瘫痪

hyperkinesia syndrome <Chinese>多动综合征

hyperkinesia <Chinese>运动过度

hyperlipidaemia <Chinese>高脂血症

hypermyotonia <Chinese>肌张力过度

hypermyotrophy <Chinese>肌肥大

hypernatremia <Chinese>高钠血症

hyperneurotization <Chinese>神经机能加强法

hyperoirdosis <Chinese>脊柱前凸过度

hyperosmia <Chinese>嗅觉过敏

hyperostosis frontalis interna <Chinese>额叶内板增生症

hyperplasia <Chinese>增生

hyperponesis <Chinese>皮层运动区活动过度

hyperpyrexia <Chinese>高热

hyperreflexia <Chinese>反射亢进

hypersomnia <Chinese>睡眠过度

hypertensive encephalopathy <Chinese>高血压脑病

hypertonia <Chinese>肌张力过高

hypertonicity <Chinese>高渗透性

hypertrophic neuropathy <Chinese>肥大性神经病

hypertrophy <Chinese>肥大

hyperventilation syndrome <Chinese>过度换气综合征

hyperventilation <Chinese>过度换气

hyperviscosity <Chinese>粘滞度过高

hypesthesia <Chinese>感觉减退

hypnagogic hallucination<Chinese> 入睡前幻觉

hypocalcaemia <Chinese>低钙血症

hypoesthesia <Chinese>感觉迟钝

hypogastric plexus <Chinese>腹下丛

hypogeusia <Chinese>味觉减退

hypoglossal ansa <Chinese>舌下神经袢

hypoglossal trigone <Chinese>舌下三角

hypoglossal <Chinese>舌下的

hypoglycaemia <Chinese>低血糖

hypoglycemic encephalopathy <Chinese>低血糖脑病

hypokalemic periodic paralysis <Chinese>低钾性周期性瘫痪

hypokinesia <Chinese>运动减少

hypomagnesaemia <Chinese>低镁血症

hypomania <Chinese>轻躁狂

hypomyotonia <Chinese>肌张力减低

hyponatraemia <Chinese>低钠血症

hypophrenia <Chinese>弱智

hypophyseal duct tumor <Chinese>垂体管肿瘤

hypophyseal portal system <Chinese>垂体门脉系统

hypophyseotrophic area <Chinese>促垂体区

hypopituitarism <Chinese>垂体功能减退

hypoplasia <Chinese>发育不全

hypopselaphesia <Chinese>触觉减退

hyporeflexia <Chinese>反射减退

hyposmia <Chinese>嗅觉减退

hyposomnia<Chinese>失眠

hypothalamic suleus <Chinese>下丘脑沟

hypothalamohypophysial system <Chinese>下丘脑垂体系统

hypothalamotomy <Chinese>下丘脑切断术

hypothalamus <Chinese>下丘脑

hypothermia <Chinese>低温

hypotonia <Chinese>肌张力减退

hypoxia <Chinese>缺氧

hyppocampal suleus <Chinese>海马沟

hypsokinesis <Chinese>后仰

Hyrtl's loop <Chinese>希尔特尔襻

hysteria major <Chinese>大发作癔病

hysteria minor <Chinese>小发作癔病

hysteria <Chinese>癔病

hysterical myodynia <Chinese>癔病性肌痛

hysteroid <Chinese>类癔病

hysteropia <Chinese>癔病性视力障碍

hysterosyphillis <Chinese>梅毒性癔病

hysterotabetism <Chinese>癔病脊髓痨

ibuprofen <Chinese>布洛芬

idiopathic <Chinese>特发性

idoxuidinum <Chinese>碘苷(疱疹净)

illegible <Chinese>字迹模糊

illogical attitude <Chinese>不自然姿势(癔症性癫痫)

illusion <Chinese>错觉

imbecility <Chinese>痴愚

imipramine <Chinese>丙咪嗪

impinge <Chinese>侵犯

impotence <Chinese>阳萎

incisura <Chinese>切迹

incitogram <Chinese>冲动发放

inclusion body encephalitis <Chinese>包涵体脑炎

incomplete hemianopia <Chinese>不全偏盲

incongruous hemianopia <Chinese>非对称性同侧偏盲

incontinence <Chinese>失禁

incoordination <Chinese>失协调

increased intracranial pressure <Chinese>颅内压增高

indenolol <Chinese>茚心安

indomethacin <Chinese>吲哚美辛(消炎痛)

indusium griseum <Chinese>灰被

infantile dementia <Chinese>婴儿痴呆

infantile encephalopathy <Chinese>婴儿脑病

infantile hemiplegia <Chinese>婴儿偏瘫

infantile myopathy <Chinese>婴儿肌病

inferior cerebellar peduncle <Chinese>小脑下脚

inferior colliculus <Chinese>下丘

inferior fovea <Chinese>下凹

inferior frontal gyrus <Chinese>额下回

inferior frontal suleus <Chinese>额下沟

inferior horn of lateral ventricle <Chinese>侧脑室下角

inferior longitudinal fasciculus <Chinese>下纵束

inferior petrosal sinus <Chinese>岩下窦

inferior quadrigeminal brachium <Chinese>下丘臂

inferior sagittal sinus <Chinese>下矢状窦

inferior tempotal gyrus <Chinese>颞下回

inferior tempotal suleus <Chinese>颞下沟

infundibular recess <Chinese>漏斗隐窝

infundibulum <Chinese>漏斗

infusion <Chinese>注射

inhibitory area <Chinese>抑制区

inhibitory postsynaptic potential <Chinese>抑制性突触后电位

initial segment of axon <Chinese>轴突起始段

inoccipitia <Chinese>枕叶缺失

inosine <Chinese>肌苷

inositol nicotinate <Chinese>烟酸肌醇酯

inositol <Chinese>肌醇

insidious <Chinese>隐袭的

instantaneous <Chinese>瞬时

insula <Chinese>岛叶

insula, island of Reil <Chinese>脑岛

insulin <Chinese>胰岛素

intention neuralgia <Chinese>肋间神经痛

intention spasm <Chinese>意向性痉挛

intention tremor <Chinese>意向性震颤

interferon <Chinese>干扰素

interleukin-2 <Chinese>白细胞介素-2

intermediolateral column <Chinese>中间柱

intermesenteric plexus <Chinese>肠系膜间丛

intermittent claudication <Chinese>间歇性跛行

intermittent cramp <Chinese>间歇性痉挛

intermittent <Chinese>间歇

internal band of Baillarger <Chinese>拜劳格氏内带

internal capsule <Chinese>内囊

internal granular layer <Chinese>内颗粒层(大脑皮质)

internal limiting membrane <Chinese>内界膜

internal medullary lamina <Chinese>内髓板

internal meningitis <Chinese>硬脑膜内层炎

internal pyramidal layer <Chinese>内锥体层(大脑皮质)

internuclear ophthamoplegia <Chinese>核间性眼肌麻痹

interoceptor <Chinese>内感受器

interpeduncal fossa <Chinese>脚间窝

interpeduncular cistern <Chinese>脚间池

intersegmental reflex <Chinese>节段间反射

interventricular foramen <Chinese>室间孔

intracephalic <Chinese>脑内的

intracerebellar <Chinese>小脑内的

intracerebral <Chinese>大脑内的

intracranial pressure <Chinese>颅内压

intracranial <Chinese>颅内的

intradural <Chinese>硬脑膜内的

intrameningeal <Chinese>脑膜内的

intraneural plexus <Chinese>神经内丛

intraneural <Chinese>神经内的

intraparietal suleus <Chinese>顶内沟

intrasegmental reflex <Chinese>节段内反射

involuntary <Chinese>不随意

involution syndrome <Chinese>更年期综合征

ipsilateral <Chinese>同侧

iris <Chinese>虹膜

ischaemia <Chinese>缺血

ischemic cerebrovascular disease <Chinese>缺血性脑血管病

ischemic infract <Chinese>缺血性梗塞

ischemic myelomalacia <Chinese>缺血性脊髓软化

ischemic myopathy <Chinese>缺血性肌病

ischemic neuropathy <Chinese>缺血性神经病

ischialgia <Chinese>坐骨神经痛

isoniazid <Chinese>异烟肼

isoprinosine <Chinese>异丙肌苷

isothermognosis <Chinese>等温感觉

isothiazine <Chinese>异噻嗪

jackknife seizure <Chinese>折刀状发作

Jacobson's organ <Chinese>犁鼻器

Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease <Chinese>海绵状脑病

jaw clenching <Chinese>牙关紧闭

jaw reflex <Chinese>下颌反射

jaw-winking reflex <Chinese>下颌瞬目反射

jerk nystagnmus <Chinese>跳动性眼球震颤

joint receptor <Chinese>关节感受器

Jolly's reaction <Chinese>约利反应

juvenile gangliosidosis <Chinese>少年型神经节苷脂沉积病

Kae's Bekhterev layer <Chinese>克斯——别赫捷列夫层(大脑皮层外粒层内的纤维层)

Kae's feltwork <Chinese>克斯神经纤维网(在大脑皮层内)

Kae's line <Chinese>克斯线(大脑皮层外粒层内的纤维层)

Kafka's test <Chinese>卡夫卡试验(检脑脊髓梅毒)

Kalmuk idiocy <Chinese>伸舌性白痴

Kaplan's test <Chinese>卡普兰试验(检脑脊液球蛋白及白蛋白)

Kayser's disease <Chinese>肝豆状核变性

Kearn-Sayer syndrome <Chinese>凯-塞综合征

Kehrer's reflex <Chinese>克勒尔反射(听睑反射)

Kennedy's syndrome <Chinese>肯尼迪综合征(脑前叶肿瘤征)

keraunoneurosis <Chinese>闪电性神经病

kernicterus <Chinese>核黄疸

Kernig sign <Chinese>克氏征

Kernohan notch <Chinese>颞叶疝压迹

kinesthesia <Chinese>运动觉

Klippel-Feil syndrome <Chinese>先天性颈椎缺少或融合

Klumpke paralysis <Chinese>臂丛麻痹的下丛型

Kluver-Bucy syndrome <Chinese>双侧颞叶切除综合征

knee jerk <Chinese>膝反射

Kolliker's column <Chinese>肌原纤维

Kolliker's interstitial granules <Chinese>肌浆间质粒

Kolliker's membrane <Chinese>蜗管网状膜

Kolliker's nucleis <Chinese>脊髓中央灰质

koniocortex <Chinese>粒状皮层

Kopressoff's center <Chinese>排尿中枢

Korsakov syndrome <Chinese>虚构-遗忘综合征

Korte-Ballance operation <Chinese>科尔特——巴郎斯手术(面神经舌下神经吻合术)

Koshevnikoff's disease <Chinese>持续性不全癫痫

Krabbe leukodystrophy <Chinese>克拉勃脑白质营养不良

Krause's line <Chinese>Z盘

Krishaber's disease <Chinese>脑——心综合征

Kuf disease <Chinese>青少年型家族性黑蒙性白痴

Kummell disease <Chinese>脊柱压缩性骨折

Kussmaul's aphasia <Chinese>有意识的失语

Kussmaul's paralysis <Chinese>急性热病性多神经炎

Kwashiorkor disease <Chinese>严重蛋白缺乏综合征

kyphoscoliosis <Chinese>脊柱后侧凸

kyphosis <Chinese>脊柱后凸

labetatal <Chinese>柳苄心胺

labryrinthine nystagmus <Chinese>迷路性眼球震颤

labyrinth <Chinese>迷路

labyrinthine reflex 迷路反射

labyrinthitis <Chinese>迷路炎

lachrymation <Chinese>流涎

lacrimal reflex <Chinese>沁泪反射

lacriml glands <Chinese>泪腺

lactasin <Chinese>乳酶生

actulose <Chinese>乳果糖

 




喜欢英语和音乐的朋友,欢迎访问我们的钢琴网www.pianoweb.cn游四方网www.you4fang.cn



英语学习专题

 BBC 英语

 BT 英语资源下载

 VOA 英语

 爱情格言名言

 奥运英语

 澳大利亚社会文化背景

 城市景点英文介绍

 出国留学签证及技巧

 出国留学文书写作

 初中英语教学论文

 春节英文短信祝福语

 儿童童谣歌曲

 儿童英语教学

 儿童英语资源下载

 儿童英语童话故事

 疯狂英语

 高考英语复习

 高考英语真题及答案

 高考真题单词使用解析

 高考真题单词使用解析

 高中英语教学论文

 记忆英语单词方法

 加拿大社会文化背景

 剑桥少儿英语

 考研英语翻译

 考研英语听力口语

 考研英语真题及答案1980-2011

 考研英语心得体会

 考研英语阅读理解

 考研英语阅读真题解析

 考研英语阅读真题解析

 考研英语作文

 赖世雄英语

 留学移民签证指导

 每日英语

 美国社会文化背景

 沛沛英语

 汽车英语词汇

 千万别学英语

 如何/怎样学好英语

 如何打英语电话

 如何申请国外奖学金

 如何提高英语口语

 如何提高英语听力

 如何同外国人交流

 如何写英文电子邮件

 如何选购英语学习图书

 如何选择英语培训机构

 如何学大学英语

 如何自学英语

 如何做英文陈述报告

 商务英语范文/范例

 世界著名城市英文介绍

 托福考试技巧心得

 GRE考试技巧心得

 玩游戏学英语

 外贸经济合同英文写作

 我是如何通过签证的

 我学英语经验方法

 我在国外的经历

 我在外企的工作经历

 小学英语教学论文

 现代大学英语精读教案

 新东方英语

 新概念英语

 新视野大学英语

 新西兰社会文化背景

 许国璋英语

 学英语口诀窍门

 雅思考试技巧心得语

 洋话连篇

 英美文学论文

 英国社会文化背景

 英文听力mp3下载

 英文地名

 英文个人简历

 英文合同及范文

 英文求职信

 英文人名

 英文名著

 英文申请信

 英文推荐信

 英文招聘广告范文

 英语/英文面试

 英语900百句

 英语爱情诗歌歌词

 英语被动语态

 英语标点符号用法

 英语标识提示语

 英语不定代词

 英语不可数名词

 英语词汇教学

 英语单词记忆法实例

 英语倒装句

 英语导游

 英语定语从句

 英语独立主格结构

 英语短语和搭配

 英语词语来源/故事

 英语翻译技巧方法

 英语翻译教学

 英语翻译论文

 英语非谓语动词

 英语否定形式

 英语关联词/过渡词

 英语冠词的用法

 英语教案格式和范例

 英语教学法

 英语介词用法

 英语句型教学

 英语句型句式

 英语和汉语的比较

 英语课堂用语

 英语口语技巧方法

 英语口语教学

 英语口语句型

 英语连词

 英语连系动词

 英语六级考试词汇

 英语六级考试经验心得

 英语六级考试听力口语

 英语六级考试作文写作

 英语六级阅读理解

 英语论文格式及写作

 英语论文选题

 英语名词复数形式

 英语名词性从句

 英语强调句

 英语情态动词

 英语商务谈判

 英语时态用法

 英语数字的表达

 英语四级考试词汇

 英语四级考试真题&详解

 英语四级考试经验心得

 英语四级考试完形填空

 英语四级听力口语

 英语四级阅读理解

 英语四级作文写作

 英语听力技巧方法

 英语听力教学

 英语同义近义词辨析

 英语外来词语

 英语写作技巧方法

 英语写作教学

 英语形容词副词比较级

 英语虚拟语气

 英语语言学文学笔记

 英语语法教学

 英语语法与教学术语

 英语语言文化论文

 英语语音/发音

 英语语音教学

 英语阅读技巧方法

 英语阅读教学

 英语在线听力资源

 英语主谓一致

 英语助动词

 英语专业考研及试题

 英语专有名词

 英语状语从句

 英语自我介绍及范文

 英语作文范文

 音乐英语词汇术语

 幼儿/儿童学英语

 幼儿英语教案

 幼儿英语教学

 在线英语测试

 在线英语词典/字典

 在线英语翻译

 中国小吃菜名英文说法

 中考英语复习

 中西文化的差异

 中小学英语学习资料

 钟道隆逆向英语法

 走遍美国




>>更多英语学习专题

©All Rights Reserved 版权所有

冀ICP备10003051号

英语比萨网址: www.englishpizza.cn


联系本站:baobinzhao(at)yahoo.com.cn QQ:397106689

喜欢英语和音乐的朋友,欢迎访问我们的钢琴网www.pianoweb.cn游四方网www.you4fang.cn

pizza

家家英语 | 钢琴网| 游四方 | 英语作文网